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December 11, 1959 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-12-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Russian Anti-Jewish Campaigns
Exposed in Report from Moscow

last few months, "the Soviet
Union's campaign against Jews
and Judaism has intensified. ac-
cording to a report from Mos-
cow in this week's issue of
Life Magazine. The illustrated
report was written by Life cor-
respondent Patricia Blake. It
says that, within recent months
"all over the country synagogues
have been raided and news-
paper articles have appeared
attacking Jews as 'thieves' and
'enemies of socialism."
In all of Russia, Miss Blake
reports, only 18 boys, who are
students at a make-shift -yeshiva
conducted in one of Moscow's
three synagogues, are "permit-
ted any education in the tradi-
tions of Judaism." According
to the writer, only 3,000 sid-
durim—Hebrew prayer books—
have been printed in Russia
since the Bolshevik revolution
of 1917, "and only a few hun-
dred were ever distributed."
The Life writer reports that

Jews are not allowed to serve
as officers in the army or as
officials in the government. In
Kiev, where there are 180.000
Jews, local authorities have
turned the central synagogue
into a public theater. Only one
synagogue remains in Kiev,
Miss Blake reports, and that
one occupies an "old ram-
shackle building." The Jews in
Kiev. the writer reports, have
no kosher butcher shop, and
were forbidden to bake matzos
last Passover. "Many people"
who took a day off last Pass-
over to celebrate the holiday
were arrested, according to the
In spite of the persecutions,
many Jews including young
men in their twenties. told the
Life correspondent that they
"feel like Jews." The corres-
pondent reports that among
Russian Jews she found a good
deal of interest in Israel, and
that she was told "maybe one
day they will let us go to

West German Minister Charged
With Being Nazi Killing Jews

HAMBURG, (JTA)—Charges
that Theodor Oberlander, West
Germany's Minister for Expel-
lees and War Victims, had been
active in Hitlerian racist activ-
ities were printed here this
week in Der Spiegel, one of the
leading news magazines in West
Dr. Oberlander has been ac-
cused in l e f t i s t newspapers
published in East Germany of
the mass murder of Polish intel-
lectuals and Jews in Lwow,
Poland, during the summer of
1941. Der Spiegel reveals that
he was affiliated- with the
psychological warfare section of
Hitler's SS and SA units, and
was the author of articles, call-
ing upon "racially superior"
Germans to fight against "in-
ferior" Slays and Jews.
At Tel Aviv Moshe Reiss ; a
Jewish survivor of the Nazi
Ghetto in Lwow, told news-
papers that Oberlander had sev-
eral hundred Jews, including
rabbis, killed during the first
few days of Germany's occupa-
tion of Lwow. Later ; he said,
`many thousands of Jews were
rounded up, and 5,000 were
killed near Lwow. Those actions
took place under Oberlander's
orders. I am shocked to hear

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that he denies these facts now,"
Mr. Reiss stated, adding that
he is willing "to go anywhere
to testify to these facts under

Rosenwald Raps Criticism Of UJA by Warburg

NEW HAVEN, Conn. (JTA) fellow Jews in need the basic He emphasized it was the
—William Rosenwald, a nation- necessities of life." policy of the UJA to aid Jews
al chairman of the United Jew-
He said the major force re- to go wherever they have a free
ish Appeal, declared here that sponsible for the mass influx of choice to go, and that UJA
"all of the money that the UJA refugees from European and funds had helped thousands of
raises is distributed to four Moslem lands into Israel was Jewish refugees to come to the
Jewish welfare organizations" rFot the UJA but "the inner United States, Canada, Aus-
and that "none of it is given urge on the part of Jews, liv- tralia and other areas. But, he
anywhere else."
ing in fear, under degrading said, "Israel has been the only
He spoke at Congregation disabilities, in an atmosphere haven to which Jews can go in
Mishken Israel from the same charged with danger to their large numbers. In fact, it stands
pulpit where a week ago James physical security, or under con- unique as the only haven in
P. Warburg, publicist and for- ditions which make it impossi- the world for large numbers of
mer banker, attacked. the UJA ble - for them to live as Jews." refugees."
and urged American Jews not
to contribute to it.
Rosenwald said that - `the
support which American Jews
give to the UJA carries with
it no endorsement of the pol-
icies of the Israel Government,
foreign and domestic. What this
support does say in the most
eloquent and meaningful terms
is that the Jews of America
underwrite the human needs
which the UJA was founded to
Rosenwald said that UJA
funds have been used to save
and rebuild the lives of Jews
The delicious Vita Herring that so
in need or in danger through-
often graces your family table also
out the world. He added that
bids your guests a warm and joyous
Warburg "could not have
been more reckless of the facts
"welcome". Enjoyed by your family
as they apply to the UJA, than
and friends for its richly traditional,
he was in his address last Fri-
old world flavor, Vita Herring is part
day night."
of the heritage of hospitality always
The speaker, who was gen-
found in the American Jewish home.
eral chairman of the UJA from
1955 to 1957, named the four
agencies which receive funds

raised by the UJA as the Jew-
ish Agency for Israel, the
American Joint Distribution
Committee, the New York As-
sociation for New Americans
and the United- Hias Service.
"When one contributes to the
UJA he does so with the under-
standing that his money will be
used for humanitarian pur-
poses — for rescuing lives, for
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Morocco Arrests
3 for Contacting
Israel Relatives

PARIS, (JTA) — Two Moroc-
can Jews were detained- by
Casablanca police as they were
about to board a ship for
France. The arrest . followed a
search of their luggage which
revealed photos and corres-
pondence with a relative in
Israel. Another Jew, who had
accompanied the two to the
harbor, was also arrested.
Another report said that a
complaint to the Moroccan au-
thorities that police officers
had resorted to physical co-
ercion to extract from a group
of Jews information regarding
their sons' emigration to Israel
has been dismissed by the Dis-
trict Attorney of Morocco as
"unfounded" and the file closed.
Several months ago the Mor-
occan police - in Fez arrested
three Jews and interrogated
them as to the circumstances
surrounding their sons' depar-
ture for Israel. In the course
of the questioning the police
beat them with sticks. Later a
complaint, supported by a medi-
cal certificate, was lodged by
one of these men, David Levy,
against the police officers. Now
the District Attorney of Fez
informed Mr. Levy that a police
investigation of his - complaint
had shown the charge to be
unfounded. He had, therefore,
ordered the file to be closed.

U.S. Marines Quizzed
in Attack on Nigerian

police have visited the United
States Consulate here to inter-
rogate three United States ma-
rines assigned to guard duty,
in connection with an alleged
attack on a Nigerian student
visiting this city.
The student had complained
to police that as he was leaving
a Jerusalem cafe he was set
upon by three English-speaking
youths who made disparaging
references to his color, knocked
him down and beat him.
A consulate spokesman de-
nied that the marines had start-
ed the fight and asserted that
the young Nigerian was anti-
American and had started the

Narcotics Smuggled
by Arabs Through
Israeli Territory

(JTA)—Israeli territory is used
as "an important land route"
for illegal traffic in forbidden
narcotics from Lebanon through
Syria, Jordan and the Negev
into Egypt, according to a study
from a special five-man com-
mittee of experts which report-
ed its findings to the United
Nations Secretary General.
The special narcotics mission
was appointed by Secretary
General Dag Hammarskjold
earlier this year and surveyed
the illegal traffic in narcotics
through visits to Afghanistan,
Cyprus, Jordan, Iran, Iraq, Is-
rael, Kuwait, Lebanon and Saudi
Arabia, Turkey, Syria, Egypt
and Yemen.
"There is a large-scale traf-
fic," the committee reported,
"flowing from the north
through Jordan, over the Israeli
border; across the Negev des-
ert, then over the Israel-Egyp-
tian border and on to a market
in Egypt. The smugglers' ef-
forts along this route are well
organized and coordinated, but
there is no cooperation what-
ever between enforcement

Arabs Ban Harareet Films

It was reported this week
from Damascus that the Arab
League boycott committee is
banning from Arab states all
films featuring Haya Harareet,
the Israeli actress. This will
mean the banning from the
Arab states of "Ben Hur" in
which Miss Harareet has the
feminine lead.

Who helps the poor is their
creator.—Sohar, Exod. 198. a.

An Invitation to the Community
to Share in Bar-Ilan University's
Historic Activities in Israel

Bar-Ilan University has thrilled all the American Am-
bassadors to Israel, starting with James G. McDonald
and continuing with the acclaim given it by the
present Ambassador, Ogden R. Reid.

Mr. Reid wrote to Rabbi Joseph
H. Lookstein, President of the
Bar-Ilan Board of Governors:

"Mrs. Reid and I greatly enjoyed our recent
visit to Bar-Ilan. It was interesting to see the
new Science Building which is to be named after
Abraham Lincoln. Further, I thought the archi-
tecture and interior design of th Assembly Halt
and eventual Synagogue was particularly strik-
ing: The campus by moonlight was something.,
to behold and the Women's Dormitory could
not have been more attractive. Mrs. Reid and i
also valued- the opportunity "of. talking with
various friends and professors of Bar-Ilan who
were -present . "

We invite the cooperation of all Detroit _
Jews in strengthening Bar-Ilan University R
by participating in the



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Guest Speaker


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