Comay Offers Israel s Peace Proposal in
Debate in UN Aggravated by
• Arab Threats
Commission to handle the refu-
fact to be
under suitable cone ons
of istence of Israel is a d
gee problem. This has been
taken for granted, a
suggested by several speakers
control and -inspection.
patriation" of large numbers of
- "In any event, we are pre- refugees into Israel is not feas- in the curernt debate before
the General Assembly's Special
pared to negotiate with the
Political Committee on the fu-
tion of other outstanding prob-
M. de Vaucelles warned the ture of the UN Relief and
regarding the refugee prob-
(Continued from Page 1)
committee that any steps taken Works Agency and Palestine
lems," he declared.
lem, to the extent that a sol-
including such factors as the
Comay pointed out, however, ution of that problem depends in regard to the refugees this Refugees.
state of relations between Is- that, in fixing the level of corn-
year "that do not take into ac-
Discussing the controversy
rael and its Arab neighbors, pensation by Israel, "it would on agreement between these count the de facto situation in
Arab governments and our-
between Premier Kassem of
the attitude toward Israel of
themselves, sec- be necessary to take into ac- selves. But it takes two sides
Iraq and President Nasser of
count Jewish property in areas to negotiaite, and the question to the refugees." Dr. O'Brien the United Arab Republic, the
urity consideration, and the such as the Jewish uarterand
is one of basic unwillingness went further, asserting that his Prime Minister said that Israel,
basic social and economic the Old City of Jerus alem,
government "understands Is- as between the two Arab lead-
and not of finding channels
rael's fear of the return en ers sided with Kassem. He ex-
"This is for us not merely a the Jewish villages in the Jer- of commuication."
masse of many refugees who plained that all -Israel wanted
question of jurisprudence, but usalem and Hebron districts; as
The surge toward seeking
an intensely practical one. Is it well as the claims of Israel's basic solutions received im- would endanger the safety of in the Middle East "is the
seriously contended that 40 per- I citizens in respect of property petus in speeches made during the state."
status quo" and that checking
ordarid left behind in various Arab
To many delegates here,
Nasser's "expansion desires"
the debate by Sweden, France,
cent of the citizens of .
one of the surpises of the
was a goal Israel shared with
who have accepted complete countries."
Ireland and Ethiopia. They fol-
The Israel delegate added the lowed the tone set by Austra- rent debate was the speech Kassem. He added that "of
allegiance to a hostile state and
its laws and policies, have a I warning, however, that "the im- lia's delegate in the committee, by Caba Sory, of Guinea. course, we do not expect any
Guinea is generally assumed Arab leader to express his love
right to march across the Israel- I plementation of this compensa- John D. L. Hood, who asserted
here to have excellent rela-
Jordan border and enter Israel
that "there is a growing wish in
tions with Israel, which was
Ben-Gurion spoke at the an-
this Assembly that this problem
at their own private option?"
one of the first countries to nual Nov. 29 lunch with Israel
Stressing that the refugees carried out against Israel by the be settled by direct means."
correspondents, which com-
have been employed by the countries whose residents would
Statements emphasizing the
republic. However, Sory's memorates the United Nation's
Arab states for military pur- be the claimantS of compensa- positive aspects, not only of the
speech followed strictly along
poses against Israel, and recall- tion."
refugee problem but of all the the Arab line, even attacking . Palestine partition decision of
ing that Palestinian fedayeen
"Nobody need doubt ISrael's Arab-Israeli issues, were made Jewish immigration into Is- 1947. In reply to a question
about the refusal of India's Pre-
had been trained "for murder will to peace," Comay stressed. by Dr. C. Cruise O'Brien, of Ire-
rael. He suggested that this mier Jawaharlal Nehru to estab-
and sabotage" by the Egyptian "It gives no satisfaction to be land; -Stig Unger of Sweden;
lish diplomatic relations with
army, and operated under walled in by hostility, and cut Pierre de Vaucelles, of France;
recommend ending of Jewish
Israel, because Nehru wanted
Egyptian army command, off from our immediate environ- and Ato Goytom Petros, of Ethi-
immigration into Israel which to be a mediator between Israel
Comay asked: "Is this alleged ment. But the peace will not be opia.
and the Arabs, Ben-Gurion said
right of free choice vested in ,
The first of the ardent ex-
and makes a solution of the "Nehru will not be the man to
refugees who have been trained the peace of the grave. We are
to fight against Israel, or who sometimes told that Israel might pressions of hope for direct
refugee problem more diffi-
mediate between us and the
bring peace nearer if we weak- Arab-Israeli negotiations came
may be formed into an army
to be used in a 'second round' ened our country by amputating
The Prime Minister said Is-
its territory, or by opening our
diplomat familiar with the
chairman, Arkady A. Sobolev, rael's readiness to discuss the
borders to persons who opposed issues since 1947, when he-
spoke in the refugees debate, refugee problem was on the
Turning to the question of our statehood at its inception, served as a member of the
Israel's contribution to a sol- and feel no . possible allegiance United Nations Special Com- backing the Arab position fully understanding that the refu-
ution of the refugee problem, towards it today. It is incon- mittee on Palestine. It was on complete "repatriation" of gees would be resettled in Iraq
Comay said: "Whatever Israel ceivable that any government that body's report that served the refugees into Israel. Mr. and Syria, but not in Egypt. He
Sobolev also called for extend- said Israel could contribute to
can constructively contribute, of Israel would be elected to
as the basis for the UN adop-
it will contribute — but the office on such a mandate. What tion of the Palestine Partition ing UNRWA's mandate for five solution of the problem both by
years, as demanded by the Arab payment for abandoned Arab
basic solution lies in the Arab is more, it is inconceivable to
Plan in 194'7.
spokesmen. It was noted, how- land and by offering Israel's
lands and not in Israel." He us that any other country would
The Australian diplomat as- ever, that Mr. Sobolev did not
experience in resettling and re-
referred to the offer made in behave any differently, if its serted that "primary responsi-
August 1955 by the late situation were similar to ours." bility for changing events in the offer any USSR contribution to habilitating refugees.
United States Secretary of
He said such talks could be
Concluding his address, Middle East lies primarily with never contributed toward
State John Foster Dulles to
held directly between Israel.
the parties at the present time." UNRWA expenses.
help obtain international
and the Arab states or indi-
repeat that Israel is prepared Hood, as most of the neutrals
The UN committee is ex- rectly through a representative.
funds to aid Israel to pay com- immediately to enter into nego- who followed today, rejected
pensation to refugees entitled
tiations for an overall and final the Arab insistence that the early next week. Meanwhile, He remarked that "we must not
to such compensation.
have Nasser at the table if he
settlement of all outstanding Palestine Conciliation Commis-
"If a solution of the refugee differences. If the time is not sion be reactivated to act as a efforts will be continued behind does not so wish." The Arab
problem by integration in Arab yet ripe for that, we are pre- collection agency for Arab prop- the scenes to work out a resolu- representative, he suggested,
tion on UNRWA that will be ac- could act as a "messenger," tak-
lands were actually carried out, pared to negotiate such meas- erty abandoned in Israel.
ceptable to the United States
and • if the international assist- ures as would relax tension and
Unger, Dr. O'Brien and M. de delegation. The U. S. A., which ing and bringing conclusions of
ance offered in 1955 were avail- reduce the danger of another
one party to the other in nego-
able, Israel. would be prepared conflict, including a nonaggres- Vaucelles gave whole or quali- pays '70 per cent of the UNRWA tiations.
to pay compensation, even be-
Ben - Gurion was asked
by Secretary General Dag Ham- UNRWA but insists also on con-
fore the achievement
whether Israel had invited Se-
crete steps looking toward a kou Toure, President of Guinea.
ment, or the solidigional
Arab refugees into the produc- possible solution of the overall
He replied that Israel would
tive economies of the Arab refugee problem.
gladly invite any head of state
who would accept an invitation,
The most outspoken sup- Lebanese Leader Urges
"be it Khrushchev or anyone
porter of the plan was Unger, Resettlement in Jordan
while Dr. O'Brien called it
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — A else."
He expressed doubts that the
"bold and far - reaching." All member of the Foreign Affairs
emphasized the fact that the ex- Committee of the Lebanese Par- UN would find a solution for
the problem of the Danish ship,
liament has told the commit-
the Inge Toft, which has been
tee that the Arab refugees in detained at Port Said by the
UAR with an Israel cargo since
settled in Western Jordan, ac- last May 21. He added that
n- Fr: 14 rrTrri 1 7-
while the possibilities of effec-
Translation of Hebrew column.
in Falastin, an influential Jor- tive UN intervention regarding
Published by Brit Ivrit Olamit.
the Inge Toft were slight,.Israel
Fifty years ago the first daily
The statement was reportedly would nevertheless have to wait
Hebrew newspaper appeared in
t.t1 7 ,r3,
..., Jerusalem. The name of the paper made by Dr. Albert Nukheiber
for such intervention to pro-
was "Hatzvi." The man who founded
7 7.1n -Th..,
ng • n4nrit ,17) ,W-
was Eliezer Ben Yehuda. He is who, according to the Beirut duce results.
(as is well known) as the dispatch, was quoted as saying
,,..., nni t
, ;1 n t
F it zp.pri
z -. regarded
man who revived the Hebrew Ian-
( ;21 i+ 1 I • : • T
guage, and main streets in Jerusa- that "it is up to the Arabs to
n, 4t1? -ittpr - ritzp?r_•p.
lem and Tel Aviv are - today named solve the refugee problem by Jewish Teachers.Ask
Minnra .,, r1 rnorp-4
• r : " „
.nit7 tr4t.nny rnt?s21 cr,no
Hebrew newspapers were in ex- themselves, without seeking a No Holiday Festivities
istence even before "Hatzvi," but patron, be it the United Na-
they were all either 'weeklies or
NEW YORK, (JTA)
monthlies.' There was no Hebrew tions or any other agency."
daily newspaper yet. Connections
• T. -
between Eretz Yisrael and the Euro- according to Falastin, "has cre- _a letter to members of the New
pean countries and America were
t yn ,
very weak- at that time (in those ated a furore," recalling that a York Board of Education, urged
,r:1 I'Zi T v??
days), and for that reason this at- similar statement was made last that public schools . dispense
T tempt to publish a daily newspaPer
vtn •- ,
with religious ceremonies, sym-
a great and daring act. Despite month by Pierre Gumeil, Leba-
the fact that "Hatzvi" ceased to ap- non's Minister for Public Works. bols and hymns in programs-for
pear after a feW years the daily
the forthcoming holidays. Han-
in Eretz Yisrael continuedto
t, t4r1r ; riDrpr)ri L 2tt riLFx 14;1 - ntr
ukah Eve coincides this year
rn trn ,r/ - nr T ,. lt„tn : press
exist and to develop.
with the first day of Christmas.
If Ben Yehuda were alive today Offer to Discuss Solution
and entered a shop which sells
The association said that its .
)71: i newspapers,
were devoted to Aida-
, t, n etpri 1-1 .1
newspapers are published (appear)
-ism "in frankly sectarian terms
Perhaps he would even iterated Israel's readiness to and therefore believe with deep
nn-s r monthlies.
' 1 717 n '712 tMItCP•4 c244
find it difficult to read the Israeli
t.t, • '1711 7 : troari
er- discuss the Arab refugee prob- conviction in the importance of
newspaper of today, for the
nIttjn • - rppn
between the language and lem independently of the issue religious values," but that reli-
style of today and those o f that pe-
T : T
of an overall Arab-Israel peace gion was the responsibility of
rind is very great.
settlement, but added that Is- the church, the synagogues and
417, rael are of (stand on) a serious rael was opposed - to a revival of the home and not of the public
standard, and fulfi ll an important
and responsible function in the life the United Nations Conciliation school.
U. S. and Democracies' Proposal
Awaited on Status of Refugees
of the State.