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November 27, 1959 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-11-27

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Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, Nationa,
Editorial Association
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35.
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Offic,.., Detroit. Mich under act of Congress of March





Editt r and Publisher

Advertising Manager

Circulation Manager

City Editor

May Allah Bless You
for the Things You Do!

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the twenty-seventh day of Heshvan, 5720, the following Scriptural
selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateitchai portion, Hayye Sarah, Gen. 23:1-25:18. Prophetical portion, I Kings

Licht Benshen, Friday, Nov. 27. 4:45 p.M.

VOL. XXXVI, No. 13

Page Four

. November 27, 1959

Our Community's 60th Anniversary

Detroit Jewry's numbers have multi-
plied ten-fold since the formation of the
-United Jewish Charities 60 years ago. At
the same time, our responsibilities to our
local agencies and to world .Jewish needs
may safely be said to have increased at
least a thousand-fold.
It is not only the duty we accept
toward the upbuilding of Israel that has
added to the - financial burdens of our
community. During the past ten decades
we have learned to recognize the primacy
of Jewish cultural needs and the pressing
requii- ements for Jewish educational ef-
forts, and We have come to realize that
the training of our youth holds first rank
in our community endeavors. •
For these reasons, we have expanded
our communal school systems and are
striving to prepare our young people for
a better understanding of their heritage
and for proper leadership in their com-
munities in the years to come.
The 60 years that have passed since
the United Jewish Charities were trans-
formed into the property-holding agency
of the Welfare Federation, which now
assumes the major role in our com-
munity's Jewish functions, have been
marked by many changes. We are now
obligated to contribute many millions of
dollars for the integration of immigrants
into Israel's economy, for local and na-
tional social and welfare as well as educa-
tional and recreational purposes. The
United Jewish Charities commenced its
functions by raising several thousands of
dollars yearly. Now the Allied Jewish
Campaign alone raises approxiMately
$5,000,000 a year. We even had a $6,000,-

000 campaign year.
With due pride in our accomplish-
ments, the 61st year of our community's
history should be inaugurated with sober
planning. In the course of the decades
that have passed, we have witnessed many
neighborhood changes. As a result of the
population movements. we have seen also
the abandonment of many valuable
buildings in the process of erecting even
more expensive structures.
People never call a halt to building
activities when they need synagogues,
schools and centers. But the time has
come for an increased sense of modesty.
We wonder whether the vast needs for
even greater educational and cultural
efforts in our midest justify the building
of multi-million dollar structures.
Many other challenges will face us in
the years to come. The current UJC anni-
versary celebration serves to invite more
serious consideration of our planning and
programming, of our desires for immense
structures, of various other expanding
communal 'projects.
As we congratulate each other on the
successes we have attained • during the
last 60 years, let us plan the future with
due consideration for the community's
major needs, with concern for Israel's
security, with devotion to the hundreds
of thousands who have yet to find havens
of refuge from persecution — most of
-them having only Israel to look to.
The years ahead may be crucial ones.
Our attainments may exceed even those
of the last 60 years—provided we soberly,
modestly and realistically approach the
needs and the issues that confront us.

Extremists Rejected by Israelis

Let it be said to the credit of the
people of Israel that they are keenly
aware of their political responsibilities
and that they are on the lookout against
the rise of extremist elements among
them. Having suffered from communism
as well as from fascism, Israeli citizens
seemed to be on guard against both
groups at the recent election.
The term "fascism" was bandied
rather promiscuously during the election
campaign. Herut accused Mapai of lead-
ing the country on a fascist path, and
Mapai charged Herut with reactionary
aims. But our Jerusalem JTA correspond-
ent, Eliahu Salpeter, in an analysis of the
election results, pointed to the failure of
the new North African groups to gain
even a single seat in the Knesset because
the electorate feared renewal of rioting,
and he made this further observation:

The same fear of violence and the
desire to protect middle-road democracy
gave Mapai the final push to a great vic-
tory and destroyed Herut's chances of
major success. In the election campaign,
Herut appeared more and more to be not
only supported by, but representing the
"Lumpenproletariat" and some most un-
desirable Israel slum dwellers. For the
first time, the decade-old charge that Herut
was a fascist party seemed to have a tangi-
ble basis. When Herut leader, Beigin,
on election eve toured Tel Aviv in an open
convertible escorted by 32 tough boys on
motorcycles wearing black shirts for the
average Israeli, the sight was just too remi-
niscent of the horrible past. So Israelis
went to the polls voting against the "black
shirts." Many voted for the parties of their
old sympathies, but most of the "un-
decided" voted for Mapai.

In defense of Mapai. Salpeter shows

Great Powers Urged to Devise
Solution to Palestine Problem

C. L. Sulzberger, New York Times foreign correspondent and
author of the "Foreign Affairs" column, in an interesting and
important analysis, "What's Wrong with U.S. Foieign Policy,"
published by Harcourt, Brace & Co. (750 3rd, N.Y. 17), makes
vital comments on the situation in Israel and the Middle East.

"Policy in the Middle East," Sulzberger contends, "can
never be firmly based upon individuals. Israel found that
out when negotiating a secret peace with Jordan's King
Abdullah. Abdullah was assassinated—and with him Israeli
hopes of peace."

Sulzberger describes "the desperate hardiness of the new
Israeli nation" which "was hammered on a terrible anvil."
He amplifies it, thus: "Plenty of young women's arms still bear
the tattooed numbers of Nazi prison camps. Officials observe
calmly: 'I have no relatives. Hitler took care of that.' "
He describes David Ben-Gurion as tough-minded, "unlikely
ever to accept Arab military preponderance over Israel—
without attempting to forestall it."
Stating that "truculence and mutual suspicion of the
Israelis and the Arabs is continually heightened by the

awful problem of the million Palestine Arab refugees,"

Sulzberger points out that "Iraq has a real need for popula-
don," and "the UN should contribute" towards a relocation

of the unhappy refugees, with Israel paying suitable com-
pensation, but "not until a peace comes will economic
logic replace nationalistic passions." He advocates re-exam-
ination of the Palestine problem by the Great Powers.

Analyzing the difficulties created by the refusal of Arab
states to negotiate with Israel or to sign a peace treaty, Sulz-
berger states: "Most Arab leaders do not even dare admit
Israel's right to exist. They fear assassination by fanatics. The
prevailing theory of the latter is that some day there will be
a final forceful reckoning when every Jew in Israel is driven
into the sea." He then gives credence to Arab accusations by
stating that "an influential Israeli minority considers the
present territory of the dynamic little state inadequate."
"The framework of compromise must be devised," he
declares, "and it must be devised by the Great Powers. They
have to discover a solution and impose it, for it was they who
created, aided and recognized Israel."

that while Mapai, being the dominant
party, has been blamed for everything,
"from taxes to bad weather," actually
"the Israeli people today are better off
than ever before and since the Sinai Cam-
paign the country also enjoys relative
tranquility along the arab borders.
The Israelis gave Herut a two-seat
gain in the Knesset, but Menahem Bei-
"Khrushchev dislikes the thought of conflict spreading
gin's party failed in its main intention —
to weaken Mapai. Similarly, the commu- 'near his southern limits," Sulzberger writes. Even Nasser
nists suffered defeats because the Israelis admits by inference that the only Palestine solution must be
if not imposed by outside powers. He said to me:
refuse to tolerate extremes and lean in composed
`This is not something that can be simply decided on paper;
the direction of democratic moderacy.
that Israel must be liquidated; or that Israel must stay. We
Mapai's advance preparations for the are not the only power to decide that.' "
election and* its leaders' splendid organi-
Sulzberger contends that in the Middle East the United
zational abilities are in the main respon- States was "misled by false shibboleths." He declares:
sible for a success that has earned for
"Obviously, there is no question of Israel's liquidation.
David Ben-Gurion and his party the Therefore, the powers to decide how it must survive are, in
fact, those Great Powers, including Russia, who helped create
greetings of moderates everywhere.

Welcome, Mr. Harman

Detroit Jews will heartily greet the
new Israeli Ambassador to the United
States, Mr. Avraham Harman, when he
comes here on Sunday to address the
Israel Bond dinner.
Local audiences had the privilege on
earlier occasions to meet this disting-
uished leader and able orator, who had
addressed audiences in behalf of the Bond
drives and the Allied Jewish Campaigns.
He is a noted scholar, a tried and
loyal leader of his people and a devoted
advocate of democratic ideals.
We join in welcoming him and in
expressing the hope that his visit here
will strengthen the Israel Bond Organiza-
tion's efforts to increase interest among
Americans in Israel's industrial develop-

that courageous little nation."
Many of the U.S. errors in pursuing its foreign policies
are reviewed by Sulzberger. In the conflict with communism
he says "we must prepare for an enduring contest" in which
survival is the chief task of our foreign policy.

Second Edition of ‘Sipurim
Yofim' by Friedland Published

The second edition of the late Hes Aleph Friedland's
"Sipurim Yofim" was published this week by the Bureau of
Jewish Education of Cleveland.
The reprints contained many illustrations by Mrs. Anita
Rogoff. The new reprint is of the story "Zemirim"—"Nightin-
gales." It serves the purpose of teaching Hebrew to the Young
readers, the text having been intended for children. English
translations accompany nearly all the words in the text.
Nathan Brilliant is the director of the Cleveland Bureau of
Jewish Education. The editorial committee for "Sipurim Yofim"
includes Friedland's widow, Mrs. Yonina Friedland. Dr. Jacob
Kabakoff and Henry Margolis.

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