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November 13, 1959 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-11-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Programming
and 'Rigging'

Israel's Sense
of Political
Normalcy

HE JEWIS 1 NE

-
1'

A Weekly Review

fr-

ch Events



Editorials
Page 4

Remembering
Balfour
Declaration

Michigan's Only English-Jewish

Vol. XXXVI, No. 11 loo FrUnion n Shop

17100

W. 7 M

ft,

Nile\
e;\
c\ citing The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
\\"?

Is U. S. Jewish
Leadership
Politically
Immature?

Commentary
Page 2

—Detroit 35, November 13, 1959—$5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Bnai Brith ;i‘cickles Problem
of Youth--Allocates Half of
Budget to New Cultural Plan

B-G Negotiates on Cabinet
Formation; Final Election
Returns :Show 3Iapai Gains

JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Premier

David Ben-Gurion,
following the tremendous victory scored by his Mapai
Party in last week's elections, stepped up discussions-
here on the composition of a new Coalition cabinet.
He will present the new government to the Knesset
at its first session, called for Nov. 23.
Mapai is expected to discuss possible coalition com-
position with all parties except the Herut and the
Communists.
Meanwhile, General Zionist leaders, smarting from
that party's shattering defeat in which it lost at least
five of its 13 seats in Parliament and possibly the
mayoralty of Tel Aviv, met to discuss the conditions
under which it could enter a Mapai-led coalition.
Mrs. Golda Meir, Foreign Minister in the outgoing
government, has repeatedly informed Ben-Gurion that

Continued on Page 6

Late Bulletin Election Returns

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

TEL AVIV.—Complete but unofficial returns in the
elections for Israel's fourth Knesset gave Ben-Gurion's Mapai
48 seats for a gain of eight seats.
The right-wing Heirut picked up two seats for a total of
17. The General Zionists dropped from 13 seats to eight and
the Progressive Party gained one for, six seats. Prlapam held
its previous nine seats and Achdut Avodah lost three of its
10 seats. The two left-wing parties had been Mapai partners
in the last coalition government.
The joint Agudah list kept its six seats and the National
Religious Party picked up one seat for a total of 12. The
Communists lost three of their seats and the Mapai-linked.
Arab parties won four seats, a loss of one.
The distribution indicated Wednesday was based on in-
clusion of the soldiers' vote. The Israel • Central Election
Committee is scheduled to meet today to approve the distribu-
tion of Knesset seats and to issue official nominations to the
new deputies. Each deputy will receive his nomination at his
home from a member of Gadna, military youth organization.

NEW YORK, (JTA)--Delegates attending the four-day annual meeting of
Bnai Brith at the Waldorf Astoria here voted a record-breaking $2,920,000 for its
program of youth activities.
The allocation represents 47 percent of the organization's total budget of
$6,389,034, which was approved by the board of governors.
A recommendation by Bnai Brith's International Council for construction of a regional

headquarters in Tel Aviv, Israel, also was voted by delegates representing the organization's
470,000 members. Philip M. Klutznick, chairman of the International Council of the organiza-
tion, said that the construction would be financed in part by Israeli members of Bnai Brith
and funds received by Bnai Brith from the sale of its pre-war German headquarters building in
West Berlin. The city of Tel Aviv has donated land for the building.
.
Reporting on the budget—the largest for Jewish youth programming in the nation-
IvIaurice Bisgyar of Washington, D.C., executive vice president of Bnai Brith, said that the
Jewish community "has not yet come to grips with the problem of providing sufficient facili-
ties for an expanding youth population."
He told the organization's 116th annual meeting that Jewish youth activities "which
have any cultural content are cruelly understaffed and undernourished financially."
Bnai Brith president Label A. Katz, of New Orleans, expressed deep concern for the
survival of Jewish life in the Soviet Union. He urged a policy of "pressing vigorously"
for action by Soviet authorities to remove existing restrictions against Jewish religious and
cultu,:al activities.

Katz praised President Eisenhower's intervention in the matter in his Camp David
discussion with Soviet Premier Khrushchev in late September. He said there are "no im-
mediate means" for evaluating the effect of the President's action. "But if the Soviet Premier's
pronouncements for a peaceful co-existence were. genuine — and some competent observers
have cautiously accepted this premise—the possibility exists that the President's words left
an impact on Khrushchev that can reflect favorably on the cultural survival of the Soviet
Jewish community," Katz declared.

Israel Ambassador Avraham Harman told the delegates that Israel's national elections
of last week reflected the "complete self-confidence of Israelies that their capacity to exist
is an unshakable fact, militarily and economically."

This confidence, he said, was evident in the fact that foreign policy issues played
"practically no part" in the campaign or election results. Israel voters made their choice
on domestic issues, including that of electoral reform, Harman said.
Another "positive aspect" of the elections, the Ambassador said, was that none of
the lists which made their political appeals directly to the ethnic backgrounds of Israel's
immigrants got into the Parliament. This, he declared, was demonstrable proof that Israel's
"mixed multitudes are successfully undergoing a tremendous transformation from rootless
people to rooted citizens."
While he characterized Israel's relations with the Arab states as still "negative on their
(Arab) part," he predicted that "the day of positive relations is just a question of time—
if we use time advantageously to strengthen the roots of Israel."
This was being accomplished- through increased economic development and foreign
exports, Harman said, pointing out that in the first nine months of this year Israel's exports
have increased 17 percent accompanied by a decrease in imports.
The conference honored the Bnai Brith president with the establishment of a Label
A. Katz Youth Fellowship. The presentation was made to Katz by Paul Kapelow of New
Orleans, chairman of the Bnai Brith Foundation.

General Grant IIIrs Surrender to Anti-Semitic Hoax
By HERMAN EDELSBERG

Without warning, the general surrendered to a
bigot's hoax.
For many of his 78 years, Major General U. S.
Grant III—grandson of the Civil War hero—has
been a dignified figure on the Washington scene.
He has held many official and private posts; he is
now chairman of the Civil War Centennial Commis-
sion, established by Congress to commemorate the
ideals for which that war was fought, and national
commander of the Military Order of the Loyal
Legion, an organization of some 2,500 men who are
direct descendants of Union officers.
You would hardly expect such a man to be
taken in by one of the more outrageous—and ob-
vious—anti-Semitic forgeries of our time. But he
was—and badly.
In the June 1959 Bulletin of the Loyal Legion,
he signed an editorial warmly commending an an-
onymous article, "Abraham Lincoln and Roths-
childs." The article—which was inserted in the
magazine—made some fantastic charges:
It said that Jews caused the Civil War and the
murder of Lincoln; that the war was fought—not
over slavery or secession—but because "Jew fin-
anciers" wanted to split the United States in two
to make it easier to control.
In tone and content, the article is in a class
with anti-Semitic leaflets furtively left by crackpots
in mailboxes and men's rooms. Its quotations are
counterfeit, its conclusions false. Allan Nevins,
professor emeritus of history at Columbia Univer-

sity and one of the nation's leading authorities on
the Civil War, has given this evaluation: "Decidedly
sickening . It is a travesty on the name of history;
it's a vicious piece of anti-Semitism; and at several
points it seems to have a Communist bias."
When told of this evaluation, General Grant is
reported to have asked: "Who is Allan Nevins?"
Most everyone interested 'in Civil War history
knows who Allan Nevins is. A more pertinent ques-
tion: How did the "Lincoln and Rothschilds" hoax
come about?
General Grant said that before he endorsed the
piece, it had a prior list of "impressive" sponsors
and users.
The list of sponsors is revealing. It was John
Kasper's Seaboard White Citizens Council which
furnished the article and arranged for its printing.
But the Kasper group didn't create the story; it just
borrowed the hoax from Father Coughlin's anti-
Semitic "Social Justice" where it had appeared back
in 1940. Another endorser was Philip M. Allen,
editor of the Loyal Legion Bulletin and long-time
"student" of Jewish affairs who told the House Un-
American Activities Committee in 1942 that what he
liked about the Ku Klux Klan and the German-
American Bund was their position on the Jews.
Parts of the article had appeared in La Vieille
France, a crudely printed French magazine which
also advertised "The Protocols of the Learned
Elders of Zion" and adorned its covers with such
slogans as "The Jews brought us these two—Bubonic
Plague and dirty paper money."

The burden of the "Lincoln and Rothschilds"
hoax is carried by two phony quotations, one at-
tributed to Benjamin Disraeli, one to Otto von Bis-
marck—as well as outright lies blandly stated as
though they were incontrovertible fact.
Disraeli is quoted as saying at a party given by
the Rothschilds in London in 1857: "Under this
roof are the heads of the family of Rothschild—a
name famous in every capital of Europe and every
division of the globe. If you like, we shall divide
the United States in two parts, one for you, James,
and one for you Lionel. Napoleon will do exactly
and all that I advise him."
If the quotation seems historically improbable
and out of character for the discreet Disraeli, skep-
tical readers are disarmed by a book citation, com-
plete with page number. The book is John Reeves'
"The Rothschilds, The Financial Rulers.of Nations,"
published in 1887 (and hard to find.) The book
actually does refer to a Rothschild party—and to
a Disraeli toast which contains the first innocent
sentence of the quotation. But the two succeeding
sentences—the crucial ones—are simply not there.
The Bismarck quotation puts into the Prussian
Prime Minister's mouth the peculiar jargon of the
crackpot anti-Semites: "But Lincoln read their plots
and soon understood that the South was not the
worst foe, but the Jew financiers. He did not con-
fide his apprehensions, he watched the gestures of
the Hidden Hand; he did not wish to expose pub-
Continued on_Past_e_2

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