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October 23, 1959 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-10-23

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`It Needs Considerable Deepening'

THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35.
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6. 1942 at Post Offic,.., Detroit. Mich. under act of Congress of March
3, 187:-

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Edits r and Publisher

SIDNEY SHMARAK

Advertising Manager

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Circulation Manager

FRANK SIMONS

City Editor

Scriptural Selections for Concluding Days of Sukkot
Pentateuchal portions: Shemini Atzeret, Saturday ; Dela. 14:22-16:17 ; Num. 29:35-30:1; Simhat
Torah, Sunday, Dent. 33:1-34:12, Gen. 1:1 2:3, Num. 29:35-30:1.
Prophetical portions: Saturday, I Kings 8:54-65; Sunday, Joshua 1:1-18

-

Licht Benshen. Friday, Oct. 23, 5:20 p. m.

Page Four

VOL. XXXVI. No. 8

October 23, 1959

Need for Intensified Jewish Studies

The education department of the
Jewish Welfare Federation has made
available to us the figures showing the
enrollment of children in our local
schools. Based on the national Jewish
school census that was conducted by the
American Association for Jewish Educa-
tion in 1958, the local school enrollment,
and the relative facts regarding it, are
approximated as follows:

Weekday
Sunday Afternoon Day
School
School School
5,139
600
Number of Students 6,058
Percentage of Total
44.1
50.9
5.0
Enrollment
72.4
55.3
36.1
Percentage of Boys
44.7
27.6
Percentage of Girls
63.9

Percentage of Students
12 Years of Age
..
111.5
and Under
Percentage of Students
Over 12 Years
19.5
of Age

Total
11,897

83.7

16.3

The national figures of enrollment
of Jewish children in schools throughout
the country, gathered by Dr. Alexander
Dushkin and Dr. Uriah Z. Engelman, and
incorporated in the Study of Jewish
Education in the United States, are:

Weekday
Sunday Afternoon Day
School
School
School
42,651
261,295
• No. of Students 249,635
Percentage of
Total
7.7 •
45.1
47.2
Enrollment
61.6
71.1
Percentage of Boys 49.5
28.9
38.4
Percentage of Girls 50.5
Percentage of Stu-
dents 12 Years of
Age and Under 86.9 87.4
Percentage of Stu-
dents Over 12
12.6
13.1
Years of Age

Total
553,600

It is difficult to judge, from these
facts, how many of our boys and girls
are without -any Jewish education, but
it is generally believed that at least 30

per cent of our children of school age
are not enrolled in any schools, Sunday
or weekday.
It is also clear that the largest num-
ber of students is in the Bar Mitzvah
age and that most of our children give
up their Jewish studies after Bar Mitzvah.
The quoted figures reveal another
major fact: that less than half of the
children who do attend Jewish schools
are receiving their Jewish knowledge
once a week-in Sunday schools-and
that only a fraction of them therefore
have the benefit of the few hours a week
of Jewish studies.
It is important that these two facts
should be taken into serious considera-
tion and that an effort should be made
to provide the necessary cures for an
ailing situation.
All our internal problems can be
traced to a lack of knowledge among
Jews about Jews. There is hardly any
need to reiterate that our primary task
is to advance the cause of Jewish educa-
tion and to establish thinking and well-
informed Jewish constituencies. Without
the necessary knowledge, we may merely
perpetuate ourselves as fund-raising
apparatuses.
We doubt whether there can be dis-
agreement on the point that properly
informed constituencies can not be
trained in one-day-a-week Sunday Schools
that function not more than 40 weeks in
the year or in Bar Mitzvah classes. The
figures we have presented therefore pre-
sent anew the challenge to our commu-
nities to strive for intensification of Jew-
ish studies in extended school curricula
for our children.

Nazi Holocaust Must Remain a Warning

David M. Nichol, Chicago News foreign
correspondent, in a report from Bonn on
a recent trial of a pro-Nazi general, had
this to say in comment on the divided
feelings among Germans in matters in-
volving recollections of Nazi crimes:
"One large group would like to for-
get the Nazi era as soon and as com-
pletely as possible.
"Teachers often find it too contro-
versial to touch, and postwar Germans
learn little in schools about their past.
"Others feel the problems of this
grisly history must be faced, however
unpleasant the process may be. The
courts are almost the only agency
through which this is now being done."
Such is the tragedy of the present era
-that in an attempt to forget what had
happened under Hitlerism there is the
danger that the crimes also may be
forgotten and that, as - a result, some may
even disbelieve that they ever occurred.

In an interview he gave to the Haaretz,
Israel Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion,
defending the sale of arms to Germany,
said he regards it "as a revenge against
the Nazis." He has not enlisted unani-
mous support for this viewpoint, although
the overwhelming majority of his people
approve the arms sale to Germany.
Of equal interest is Ben-Gurion's state-
ment: do not hate the German young-
ster because his father was a Nazi."
Agreed! But, when the youngster is kept
in ignorance of what his country did
during a decade of destruction, when he
is led to disbelieve that his people had
murdered six million Jews., there is cause
for concern.
It is so very vital that the tragedy of
Nazism should not be forgotten! And
because there is a tendency to erase the
memories of the wholesale slaughter, we
are worried lest there should some day
be a repetition of the Nazi holocaust.

Interesting New City of Hope Institute

A project that promises to attract wide
attention is the plan of the City of Hope,
at Duarte, Calif., to establish an Institute
for Advanced Medical Learning.
By enlisting the cooperation of Dr.
Morris Fishbein, former editor of the
American Medical Journal, as supervisor
of this project, the City of Hope, which
already is engaged in vital research ac-
tivities in various aspects of medicine, in-
tends to provide opportunities for con-
tinued efforts in advancing their scientific
skills to retired scientists and to medical
men who are on sabbatical leaves.
A number of prominent scientists have

indicated an interest in the new Institute,
and Prof. Selman Waksman, Nobel Prize
winner as discoverer of streptomycin, is
among those encouraging the project.
News of this important undertaking
comes as an encouragement to the dedi-
cated group of Detroiters, who annually
undertake to raise funds to assist the City
of Hope. Their task, at the function on
Nov. 1, will undoubtedly be made easier
by the important news of the creation of
the new Institute • and the added fact that
Dr. Fishbein, who is expected to direct
the Institute, will be the speaker at the
annual local fund-raising event.

3 New JPS Paperbacks

Low-Priced Editions of Works
by Samuel, Herberg and Roth

Thanks to the paperbacks, many important books which
hitherto had a limited circulation now are assured a large
reading public.
The Jewish Publication Society of America, following the
tendencies to increase readers' interests in books they might
otherwise overlook, by reprinting them in soft covers, is render-
ing an important service to the Jewish reading public.
Previous paperbacks already account for large sales of
JPS books.
The three newest paperbacks issued by the Jewish Publi-
cation Society are:
"A History of the Marranos," by Cecil Roth;
"Judaism and the Modern Man," by Will Herberg, and
"Prince of the Ghetto," by Maurice Samuel.
Samuel's "Prince of the Ghetto," originally published in
1948 by Knopf, is "a revelation of the life and world of Polish
Jewry through a retelling of the tales of the Yiddish master,
Isaac Loeb Peretz." The genius of Maurice Samuel and the great
gifts of Peretz interpreted in this book combine to offer the
reader a vast storehouse of knowledge and of splendid narration.
Cecil Roth, who is a recognized authority on the history of
the Jews in Spain, gives an impressive account of the Marranos
in his history, which originally was published by the Jewish
Publication Society in 1932.
Herberg's interpretation of Jewish religious tendencies and
practices attracted wide attention since its original appearance
as a publication of Farrar, Straus and Cudahy.
Meridian Books joined with the Jewish Publication Society
in issuing the paperbacks.

Comprehensive Guide to
Jews Throughout the World

.

Dr. Simon Federbush, one of orthodox Jewry's most dis-
tinguished leaders, renders an important service to our people
seeking information about Jewish communities everywhere in
his "comprehensive guide to Jewish communities throughout
the world," published by Thomas Yoseloff (11 E. 36th, N.Y. 16),
under the title "World Jewry Today."
This is an unusually valuable reference work. It contains
facts about Jewish populations throughout the world, provides
historical backgrounds to Jewish communities, contains lists of
the world Jewish press and world Jewish organizations and
analyzes the religious and educational status of Jews everywhere.
Featured in the book are essays on the position of world
Jewry and the rebirth of Israel by Dr. Nahum Goldmann and
Israel's Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.
While it appears a bit late, the essay on the American Jewish
Tercentenary by Dr. Israel Goldstein is a good supplement to
the factual record of. American Jewry.
Josef Fraenkel, prominent London joufnalist, is the compiler
of the record of the Jewish press everywhere. This compilation
contains a list of all Jewish newspapers published in all lands.
It is regrettable that this record retains some of the errors that
were included by Fraenkel in his original study which he is
presently revising, but the basic value of his survey remains:
it contains all available facts about Jewish newspapers and
periodicals throughout the world.
Of equal value are the population statistics. Here, too, a
number of errors creep in. Michigan's population is incorrect,
and there no doubt are many other changes in the facts incor-
porated in Dr. Federbush's book. But these also are being
corrected by Jewish statisticians.
The accounts about the various communities throughout
the „world read like histories of the numerous centers. The
Israel and United States essays are histories of the respective
communities, and so are the others accounted for in this
valuable book.
When the reader takes into account the fact that Dr.
Federbush provides data about such communities as Hong Kong,
Iraq, Hadhramaut, Gibraltar, Virgin Islands, Uganda, Saar, Kenya
and two score more little known Jewish settlements about which
very little is known, he becomes aware at once of the significance
of this book. It is one of the finest reference works now available
about Jews everywhere.

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