"Shai," "'Sunset' Cox," By Philip
Noteworthy Books About
Israel and Zionism
Articles in Several
'Direct JTA Teletype Wire
Shai. Most of them were discovered on time and their
To The Jewish News
double-dealings were exposed.
Hundreds of thousands of people still are excited over the
Palmach played an important role in the defense activities, press, particularly that of the
revelation of the fighting spirit of the modern Jew who has
defied persecutions and has won national independence in a and the timely heroism of its members rescued newcomers and Ukraine, continues to publish
anti-Semitic articles and car-
reborn -State of Israel—as depicted in the best seller "Exodus" protected the settlements.
's work among
among the Arabs, its activities in establishing toons, according to reports re-
by Leon Uris.
the Tel Aviv Port at a time when Arabs were making it impos- ceived here.
A single issue of Dnyesters-.
There is an even more powerful story of Jewish heroism sible for Jews to land new settlers or to bring in shipments
and the determination of. the. liberated Jew to win freedom, as of materials at the Jaffa port, and a score of other historic kaya Pravda recently contained
three anti-Semitic articles. One,
told in "SHAI — The Exploits of Hagana Intelligence"; a factual achievements are part of the Shai record.
purportedly written "volun-
account by Efraim Dekel, published by ThoMas Yoseloff (11 E.
Delek's hook is a tribute not only to Shai and its ingenious tarily" by three persons iden-
36th, N. Y. 36).
and courageous forces, but to the entire Jewish settlement tifying themselves as "Old
Even those of us . who have watched the developments in whose cooperation made it possible for the liberation move- Jew" offered readers "dis-
a redeemed Israel, who believed that we knew the details of ment to triumph.
closures" on "the lies • and
Hagana heroism and the manner in which a handful of brave
Documentary evidence reproduced from originals in "Shai" falsehoods of the Jewish reli-
men and women defied British obstructions and ,Arab intransi- prove the merits of the Shai case.
gion" and on "dirty transac-
gence, will sit in amazement over the courage that was shown
Those who seek proof of heroism by Jews in establishing tions" allegedly conducted in
by the Yishuv in Palestine as its leaders battled against injus- their national independence will find it, factually, in Delek's synagogues.
tice and sought the paths to freedom not only for themselves
The second article, headlined
"Shai." It is a great and most revealing book.
but for newcomers to Israel as well.
"What Is Judaism," describes
the Jewish religion as a "re-
That's the story as told by • the commander from 1929 to
actionary movement linked with
1946 of Shai—the Hagana Information Service—the author of 'Sunset' Cox, Irrepressible Democrat,
American imperialism and rul-
Christian Precursor of Herzlian Zionism
this great book.
ing United States circles." The
Efraim Dekel, whose factual account of Shai — a name
third item is a "feulleton" about
formed from the Hebrew words "Sherut Yediot", information
a "Jewish mother's attempts to
or intelligence service—holds us spellbound, was compelled to
cheat Soviet school authorities
escape from the British, whci threatened his arrest, in 1946. He ing a national home for the Jewish people. Jean Henri Dunant, to gain advantages for her
the founder of the Red Cross, was such a personality who believed
director of Bricha, the organization that was set up to I that Jews should be re-established as a national entity. George daughter."
The same issue carries car-
assist Jews who were fleeing from Eastern Europe. He returned Eliot was another who believed in such redemption, and she
to Israel in 1948 and joined the arms _purchasing section of advdcated it in her "George Eliot" where she expressed, in- toons of Jewish figures appar-
ently engaged in illegal trading.
his country's Ministry of Defense during the War of Indepen- directly, her wish to see the Jews again as a nation.
A recent issue of Kiyeskaya
Pravda carries an article pur-
Samuel Sullivan Cox, who was known as "Sunset" Cox. His portedly signed by two Jews
Haifa. He is the author of four books published in ,Hebrew:
exciting story is told in a splendidly written biography, " 'Sunset' describing black market activi-
Cox: Irrepressible Democrat," written by Prof. David Lindsey, ties allegedly conducted in
the Hagana intelligence, Dekel tells how his forces prOtected
the Jewish population by learning in advance the plans of the now of Los Angeles State College, and published by Wayne State synagogues.
University Press, Detroit.
An issue of the Znamya Com-
British to search Jewish settlements - for arms, how his organi-
"Sunset" Cox was born in Zanesville, 0., in 1824, and at the munists contains an article giv-
mtion - detected Arab schemes to destroy the -Jewish community age of 33 was elected to Congress in 1857, serving as a Represen- ing contents of letters allegedly
in Palestine, the manner in which the Jewish arms caches were
guarded against discovery by the British who were bent upon tative from Columbus, 0., until 1865, when he was forced out of received from Israel complain-
keeping the Jews in Palestine without defense in the struggle his office by a hostile Republican state legislature. He moved to ing of "horrible conditions" in
New York, was again elected to Congress in 1868_ and served, Israel.
freedom and in defense against the Arabs.
. every Jewish settlement," Dekel relates, "small or . large, there with two brief interruptions, until 1889.
He was a dynamic, colorful and conscientious member of Jewish Scientist
Was . a `silk' (Hagana slang for a hidden arms cache, from the
Hebrew word 'to dispose of something'). That such caches existed the U. S. House of Representatives, and in the the course of his
was generally known, but their location was kept a close secret. The
long career as a legislator propagated many measures of social Shares Nobel Prize
• Mandatory government's detective and intelligence service (the
C.-1. D. or Criminal Investigation Department) • tried its hardest to reform.
in Medicine for '59
loeate these caches, using: every means, fair and foul, in the effort.
advance inforthation of these activ-
His interest in Jews and the Jewish question was unique.
SAN FRANCISCO, (JTA) —
Part of .Shai's job was to - Obtain
ities- add • to- prevent - their -
He led in the protests against Jewish persecutions in Russia, Dr. Arthur Kornberg, 41-year-
a deadly game of. hide-and-seek, which to the onlooker was like an
and advocated relief for the sufferers in pogroms, and in the old Brooklyn-born scientist, and
absorbing DIaY.."T" -
course of his fervent appeals in defense of Jewish rights he his wife, the former Sylvy R.
_The game Was so' absorbing that even _ -now:r-inits re telling, urged the establishment of a Jewish national homeland. Prof. Levy, continue to receive con-
gratulations from all parts of
th-e. Shai story reads like a romance. Tiae numerous - that were Lindsey writes:
PalestinianJewry, the sacrifices
the world in connection with
Made - to _assure -.the security' of the JeWish settlements,
his being named to share - the
resolution calling for treaty negotiations with the Russian govern-
cooperation of the Jewish settlers, combine to form a great drama.
r e c s oi sn w on niN, rae, in 1 Russia
1959 Nobel Prize for Medicine
e, n in noersdse r Ttioi e p rHo eucste J ea d w -oi s”ht-America
this a n
dedicated organization was able not only to protect
Cox. asking the State Department for the correspondence concerning
these negotiations. delivered a short speech on the subject. He de-
the arms held by Jews but also to acauire stocks that were
scribed the anti-Semitic atrocities in Russia and expressed his hope
about to be shipped out of Palestine or to be destroyed by the
for the eventual establishment of a Jewish national homeland. As
. . when they were readying to leave the country. It was
for Russia, he declared: 'We have become used to persecutions in
that country. It is part of its barbarism.' and, therefore. 'it becomes
.part of "liberation"—some called it theft—but the Israelis felt
us especially' to offer 'asylum to these stricken people.' Lower East
it was their right to acquire these munitions, as it was a
Side Jews in New York applauded."
Matter or life or death for them. Besides, the feeling persisted
Prof. Lindsey relates that two years later the problem of
that the arms belonged to them, since the British were over-
the Jews: in Russia again claimed much of "Sunset" Cox's atten-
-taxing them while refusing to protect them against Arab attacks.
tion. He traveled through Russia and therefore spoke with some
Shai also supervised and protected underground Hagana arms fac- authority about the land of the czars. Prof. Lindsey points out:
tories known as "Ta'as," from the initial letters of "Ta'asiya
Tsva-ith," military industry. The numerous incidents of the manner "Protesting.Russian mistreatment of Jews as 'part of my duty as
in which these factories were kept a complete secret from the a representative of a large Hebrew element,' Cox described in
..„._ Mandatory forces are additional indications of wise as well as brave detail the pogroms, 'the horrors of 1881,' some of which he had
•.„ operations by a small force that knew that in its hands was placed
the protection of Jewish lives and the security of the settlements observed first hand during his recent trip abroad. He urged
that were created by Jews during decades of toil by a people's the President to protest firmly to the Russian government and
sweat and blood.
to lend army tents for the care of Jews expelled from Russia."
Many names of noted Israelis who made sacrifices in the
An interesting paragraph in Prof. Lindsey's book throws
:course of these liahu
them additional light on Congressman Cox's tour of Russia. We read.
DR. ARTHUR KORNBERG
"As he moved toward Odessa, he admitted 'a desire of
Behor Shitreet, then a senior Jewish police officer in Jerusalem,
with Dr. Severn Ochoa, of the
who became the Minister of Police in the Israel government, leaving this realm.' Not, he explained, because of any impolite-
ness or unkindness but because of a 'feeling of insecurity,'
New York University College
and many others. Many aliases are used in describing the Shai
which arose from the fact that he was known to have denounced
in Congress the Russian persecution of the Jews. Reaching
The prize, amounting to more
Delek provides a record of assistance given the Shai and
Odessa, he recalled that, 20 years earlier, he had been offered
than $42,000, was awarded to
Israel's defense forces by Jewish policemen and Jews who served
them for their discovery of
the opportunity of going there to manage a grain elevator for
in the Mandatory administration. The warnings received in ad-
his father-in-law, but he had turned it down: 'What a business- enzymes for artificially pro-
vance from these men often saved entire communities and Shai's man Odessa lost, when I chose to be "elevated" otherwise, and
ducing some of the key sub-
programs of activities. Thus, since the British failed to provide how little, alas, has politics gained.' With a feeling of relief
stances of life. The Kornbergs
the security that was needed by the Jewish population, some
have been at Stanford Uni-
the Coxes sailed out of Odessa harbor on a Russian ship bound
of their officials, many of them Christians, came forth with for Constantinople." •
versity, Palo Alto, Calif., only
since last July, when Dr. Korn-
- help — on time to avoid calamities.
" 'Sunset' Cox: Irrepressible Democrat" is a delightful and
The work of Histadrut in providing assistance to Shai, in most informative book. It is a splendid description of the Con- berg became a professor there,
the manufacture of munitions and in a multiple of ways gressman about whom Lincoln said that in reading Cox's speeches and head of the department of
in which help was given, is highly commended.
he "sought it for the humor said to be in it; but while it meets
Palmach and other groups came to the assistance of Shai in my expectation in that respect, it has a far higher merit." Jewish Prof. Kraeling to Give
making it possible for so-called "illegal" immigrants to come readers will find in this biography the interesting information
to Palestine. "In view of the open war which -was waged by that Cox was a precursor of modern Zionism, that he was a fore- Field Lecture on Nov. 5
Prof. Carl H. Kr a e l i n g,
the government, the C: I. D., and the police against the Hagana runner of Herzl and a harbinger of Zionism before the advent
authority on Hellenistic archae-
and the Jewish population, it became essential to increase our of the political movement.
ology, will be the next speaker
intelligence activities and establish . new sources of information
in the Walter and Lea Field
within the government departments," Delek writes. Thus, Arabs Six Other WSU Books
and Christians as well as Jews became sources of information
Wayne State University Press also published six other new Lecture Series, at Wayne State
in the tremendous defense activities.
volumes: "A History of the Newspapers of Ann Arbor, 1829-1920," University, Thursday, Nov. 5,
on the subject, "Temple,
Delek exposes the anti-Semitic activities that were con- Louis W. Doll; "A City Finds Itself: The Philadelphia Home Rule Church and Synagogue at Dura-
- ducted in Palestine by General Barker. Shai exposed his vile Charter Movement," by Joseph D. Cruinlish; "The Principles and Euroos."
progrm, and the scandal that developed, as a result of interna- Practice of Criticism: Hamlet, The Merry Wives, Othello," by
His lecture, to be given at
tional notoriety given to the British general's campaign of hate, Allan Gilbert; "Living Consciously: The Science of Self," by the Community Arts Audi-
hack-fired and destroyed Barker'.s demoniacal plans to destroy
torium, Ferry and Second, will
Mental Disorder," by Prof. H. Warren Dunham; "From the
Cannon's Mouth,"—the Civil War letters of Gen. Alpheus S. be illustrated. The public is
• In Delek'S story there are accounts of duplicity .on the Williams, edited with an introduction by Milo M. Quaife.
part of some of the informers who worked as agents for
Record of Israelis' Heroism