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October 02, 1959 - Image 53

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-10-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

By DAVID MILLER

(Copyright, 1959, JTA, Inc.)

Editor's Note: David Miller,
now touring Communist
countries on a Pulitzer schol-
arshim describes the life of
Je s in Communist Ger-
many, compared to Jews in
the West German Republic.
* • * *
EAST BERLIN—An artificial
)oundary, drawn haphazardly
n 1945, separates 1,640 Jews
n East Germany from the
reedom and life of West
Berlin.
To cross that virtually un-
;uarded boundary, all that is
required is a discreet depar-
Lure from home and a casual
.

stroll clown any one or a uozeu
streets.
Some 6,000 East Germans did
just that last month and
escaped to the West.
Relief organizations wait to
lend a helping hand. West Ber-
lin police are alerted to. give
every possible assistance.
Why, then, do 1,000 Jews
in East Berlin and 640 more
in isolated communities cling
to the bitter regimentation and
lower standard of living in
East Germany?
Why does this handful of
Jews refuse to join the stream
of emigration from the Soviet
to the American, British or
French zones?
..

The answer came from the
o ly rabbi in East Germany.
"What is there to go to?
We are not children. We have
f; milies. We have responsibili-
ti es." Rabbi Martin Riesen-
b w urger, who is 64, spoke with
ti e resignation of a man who
u nderstands reality.
"The people are old and
ti red. They want to live as
ti ey are. We have our ceme-
t, ry and our synagogue. What
n ore could we want?"

Rabbi Riesenburger, speak-
ing in Yiddish and German,
pointed to the old Jewish
cemetery behind his office
on Herbert Baum Strasse.
"In that cemetery are the
graves of 133,680 Jews. We
cannot forget them."

Happy Holiday
:

Repair — Replacement — Installation
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Happy Holiday

Foot of Hastings — at the River

Complete Dinners — Steaks, Chops, Sea Food
Luncheons 11 a.m. - 2:30 p.m., Dinner 5 p.m. - 10 p.m.
A la carte 10 p.m. - 1 a.m. — Cocktails Anytime

WO 4-7321

Free Parking

Holiday Greetings

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— drawing
CAMERA—layout—plate making
MULTILITH and offset • BINDERY—collating—stitching

ZEROX

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Holiday Good Cheer

ISKORE'S KOSHER MEAT & POULTRY



Quality and Service

i

Established for 23 Years

;

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DI 1-2840

13430 W7
.. Mile Rd.

LeShono Tovo Tikosevu

Best Wishes on the New Year to the Officers and Members
of Adas Shalom Synagogue, its Men's Club 'and Sisterhood,
and to the Jewish Community-of Detroit

MR. and MRS: MORRIS HADRICH

17542 SANTA ROSA DRIVE

Holiday Greetings

BERRY .8t SEYBURN

Property Management

3500 DAVID STOTT BLDG.

WO 1-8369

Wishes for a Happy New Year
to Our Friends and Patrons

JOE
JO E RICHARD'S MOTOR SALES

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DI 1-8174

Livernois

Holiday Greetings

I



ROYAL OAK WHOLESALE CO. i

Sash, Doors and Mill Work

1

JO. 4-6593
216 E. Harrison, Royal Oak .
In Saginaw: 2121 S. Michigan — Phone 5-4481

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Holiday Greetings

J. W. RYLANDS CO.

"The Chemical Concrete" CHEMCRETE

made with out water or cement
Topping for floors, sidewalks or roadways
Packaged for ready use in 1 gallon and 7 gallon kit.

21201 Telegraph Rd.

KE 1-9290

1

The East Germans have
steadily refused to honor
any claims made against the
former government. West
Germany, however, has al-
ready paid out an estimated
$1,500,000,000 . in individual
restitution payments, al-
though 1,700,000 individual
claims are still pending. For
all practical purposes, the
issue with East Germany is
closed.

The last major flow of - East
German Jews westward came
during and after the wave of
Soviet anti-Semitism in 1952
when Rudolf Slansky, secretary
general of the Communist

TE 2-3522

,

3162 E. Jefferson
LO 7-7626

New Year Greetings

SAM'S DRUGS

Prescription Pharmacy

31 years of accurate and dependable service

VE 7-1575

VE 7-2838

14200 Fenkell

Prompt Delivery Service

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Holiday Greetings

i

SEVIT CO.

10 West Warren

Complete Office Outfitters

1

SCHWEIZER'S

COSMOPOLITAN
STUDIOS

SABLES Inc.

Other Jewish , settlements ex-

larx Stade (formerly called
hemnitz), H a 11 e, Leipzig,
D lagdeburg, Plauen - in - Vogt-
1 and and Schwerin. But they
C re mere shells of the pre-war
E ra when 500,000 Jews lived
/ n all of Germany.
Cantors serve Erfurt and
eipzig. but religious life is at
near standstill.
Among the 1,000 Jews in
1 ast Berlin, only five are under
1 years of age. All attend a
lass in Jewish education.
, `Most of the others are aged
( 0 to 90. We live. We are
Pews. This is our home," Rabbi
i ,iesenburger said.
In sharp contrast to the im-
nobile life of East Berlin, the
feverish community of West
'
3erlin is alive and growing.
is 6,400 Jews (of the 35,000
n West Germany) are con-
erned with adjusting to their
t 1
ellow Germans, of finding new
ootholds in the booming econ-
my and of possible emigra-
ion to Israel.
Since the city is governed
b y the four conquering powers,
it is possible for an East Ger-
.1 man to shop in West Berlin,
to eat there or to visit, al-
.: though this is done quietly.
• Another factor is that pay-
ments to elderly people have
o nly recently been increased.
Elderly persons who cannot
work now receive an average
of 350 East marks a month, a
boost from the previous aver-
age of 200.
The amount cannot be ex-
pressed in Western terms. East
and West marks are officially
pegged at four to one dollar,
but West Berlin banks legally
give eight East marks to the
dollar, and the black market is
even higher.
The cost of food and hous-
ing is generally lower than
in West Germany. As such, the
money is considered enough
to cover the necessities of life
for an elderly person.
Additional sums are paid for
handicaps, but the money is
not paid to Jews alone. The
appropriation comes from an
East German fund for "victims
of fascism" and is tightly con-
trolled.
It was on the subject of rep-
arations and indemnities that
East Germany struck out
sharply against Israel and the
policies of West Germany.

Greetings of the Season

Best Wishes for a Happy New Year

I t in Dresden, Erfurt, Karl-

Chris Shur Plumbing & Heating

12680 Mansfield

Party in Czechoslovakia and a
Jew, was hanged for "Zionism"
and other "anti-state" acti-
vities.
At that time 635 Jews sought
political asylum by crossing
the artificial line. For the re-
maining group, those who are
physically able, life is grim—
as it is for millions of other
East Germans.
The Jews , find employment
in trade as . salesmen, jewelers,
clothiers and other commercial
outlets. Some work in factories
and as clerks, but advancement
is difficult and they are sus-
pected as "foreigners."
In the post-war days, in the

6

THEO J. SAMPSON

Residential - Commercial - Industrial Wiring

LU 2-2311

7846 Maple, Dearborn

0

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of==11

New Year Greetings

JOE VALVONA EXCAVATING

BR 3-1654

15472 Marlowe

01--ICII.

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Happy New Year to Our Friends and Patrons

Van Tassel Optical & Jewelry Co.

10796 Grand River at Oakman Blvd.
WE 3-6231

-io

IEII is

Dr

JD ~

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1D

N ew Year Greetings

VILLAGE SHOE SERVICE

We Clean and Dye Shoes

John R. Simpson

TU 1-8853

20219 Mack Ave., Grosse Pointe

9_9 9

New Year Greetings

0

Walker's Vacuum Sales & Service

We service oll makes. Sales — service new - rebuilt
Free pick-up and delivery — Loaners on request.

9418 Woodward

.15-61FIrrifli2n$

TU 5-4910

01515-15-25-rrirrtrer0 i.5 -6-6-6-6-6-rnsistrr6

New Year Greetings

WALT'S SERVICE STATIONS

Forest corner DUBOIS

2158 E. GRAND BLVD. at MILWAUKEE
WA 1-3475

re

New Year's Greetings

WESTOWN SUPER SERVICE

Standard Oil Products — Expert Lubrication

14685 Wyoming at Eaton

WE 5-9610

53 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Frida y, October 2, 1959

1,640 Elderly Jews All That Remain in East Germany

flush of reaction against Nazi,
abuses, the East German gov-
ernment renovated the syna-
gogue on Rykestrasse. But the
block-long synagogue on Ora-
nienburger Strasse, is still a
shell of twisted steel and
masonry.. Like countless other
buildings in the Soviet zone,
it has not been touched since
the war.

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