Issue at the
Letters to the
Editor, Page 12
XXXVI, -No. 4
E JEWISH N E
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
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Labor Lea ers, Americt.,
.Faiths, ksk End
Ilitreatment "of USSR Jews:
Pray for Non-Jews Killed
by Nazis, Adenauer Asks
Jews at Cologne Synagogue
COLOGNE, (JTA)—Acknowledging that Germany had com-
mitted "terrible crimes against the Jews" during the Nazi
regime, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer pleaded on Sunday with
religious Jews to pray "not only for the Jewish martyrs but
also for the Christians who were killed by the same murderers."
Dr. Adenauer voiced his plea, coupling it with an ex-
pression of hope for a peaceful future between Jews and
Christians in West Germany, when he helped dedicate the
newly-rebuilt synagogue here on Sunday. Germany now, he said,
is "a haven of decency and order" for all people.
The rebuilt synagogue replaces the Jewish house of worship
destroyed by the Nazis during the infamous "Crystal Night"
of 1938. There are 1,200 Jews living in Cologne now—against a
total of 20,000 in pre-Nazi days. Approximately 11,000 of
COlogne's pre-war Jews were killed by the Nazis.
Many other leading West German political personalities,
besides Dr. Adenauer, attended the dedication of the rebuilt
synagogue, on the Roonstrasse, occupying the site of the
original building constructed in 1895. The Jewish community
here is one of the oldest in Europe. As far back as 321, C. E.,
an imperial decree referred to the "sizable" Jewish congrega-
tion in Cologne.
SAN FRANCISCO, (JTA) — The question of the treatment of the Jews in
the Soviet Union was posed here Sunday night to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev by top leaders of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial
Organizations during a dinner-meeting which they held with Khrushchev, it was
revealed by Walter P. Reuther, president of the United Auto Workers, who
arranged the meeting.
The question on the Jews was one of 12 major questions presented to
Premier Khrushchev in writing at the dinner. It received no reply from the
Premier because the time did not permit a debate on it, as well as on the question
of political prisoners in the Soviet Union and Hungary. The text of the question
on the Jews reads:
"American labor. regards religious, political, ethnic and national equality
as - one of the paramount freedoms in a democratic society and a democratic
world. We are deeply concerned by the information which has been brought
to our attention that Jews in the Soviet Union are being discriminated against
and are being denied equal opportunities in education, government and other
phases of Soviet life.
"While American labor is fully aware of the shortcomings of American
democracy with respect to civil rights, We have made • great progress in this
area and labor and other libertl groups are free to continue their-- efforts to
eliminate all forms of discrimination.
"We propose to ask Mr. Khrushchev what the Soviet Union is doing or
intends to • do to end this type of discrimination and what the individual Soviet
citizen can do to protest and work against such discrimination within the St_reiet
Krushchev Will Not Receive
American Jewish Delegation
NEW YORK, (JTA) — Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev will not receive any Jewish delegation
during his stay in the United States, it was announced
by Aleksei Adzhubei, editor of Izvestia, organ . of the
Soviet government, who is the Premier's son-in-law.
Adzhubei made his announcement . at a reception
given to hfm and other Soviet journalists by the Over-
seas Press Club here. He said that the • treatment of
Jews in the USSR is an internal Soviet affair, and
that there is no Jewish problem in his country.
More than 1,000 persons attending a conference
on the fate of Soviet Jewry Tuesday night approved
a resolution demanding an end to "the discrimination
against the Jews of the Soviet Union."
The rally was sponsored by the Jewish Labor Com-
mittee, the Jewish National Workers Alliance, the
Congress for Jewish Culture and the Workmen's Circle.
The delegates, in the resolution, urged the "end of
quotas against Russian Jews in education, the restora-
tion of Jewish cultural institutions in Yiddish and He-
brew, the right to maintain cultural and religious con-
tacts with Jewish communities abroad and freedom of
immigration for those who wish to rejoin their families
separated as a consequence of the war and the Nazi
Appeal to Krushchev by Chicago
Rabbis in Behalf of Russian Jews
Spur Israel Exports:
The increased productivity of Israel's
industries and agriculture is making mere of the country's products available for
export to some 90 countries throughout the world. Stimultaed by Israel Bond
development funds, this economic expansion program is aimed at reducing the gap
between exports and imports, thereby strengthening and stabilizing the country's
economy. A constantly growing variety of chemicals for industry and agriculture
is being produced for export at the Fertilizers and Chemicals plant, where ex-
panding facilities include the oil purification section (shown in photo above). At
the Kaiser-Fraser auto assembly plant at Haifa (upper left) motors are shown
being assembled for small cars for the export market. Among the many agri-
cultural products now being exported by Israel are eggs (lower left) , indicating
the great strides towards self - sufficiency that have been made possible through
Israel Bonds, which have also aided the growth of cotton, tobacco and sugar beets.
CHICAGO, (JTA) — An open letter to Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev asking for a "change" in the
treatment of Soviet Jewry was made public by the
Chicago Board of Rabbis in connection with the Pre-
mier's visit to the Middle Western U.S. section.
The letter told the Soviet Premier that during
the forthcoming High Holy Days Jews in hundreds of
synagogues in the Middle West "will manifest sorrow-
ful concern for more than 2,000,000 of our fellow-
Jews in Russia." It emphasized that although the Soviet
authorities continue to claim that the Jews in the Soviet
Union enjoy religious freedom, the Jews of America
and the people of America "know that this is not
so," and that "Jews of Russia have been singled out
for religious discrimination."
Related Stories on Pages 3, 5 and 6