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September 18, 1959 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-09-18

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Russia's Paradoxical Treatment of Jews: Center Plans to Commence
Programs Oct. 31
Can Neither Assimilate, Nor Live Apart Sabbath
In a brief statement, the Jew-
Vrankel said, in explanation

Soviet Union formally considers
the Jews to be a nationality,
as evidenced by the documents
each Soviet citizen must carry,
but "desipte this formal recog-
nition, the Soviet government
deprives its Jewish citizens of
even the minimal cultural and
spiritual privileges enjoyed by
all other Soviet nationalities
and religious g r o up s," the
weekly r e vie w, "The New
Leader, said in a special issue
devoted entirely to the status
of the Jews in the Soviet Union.
The Soviet government, the
review declared, "provides the
Jews with neither the means
for maintaining a full cultural
1 i f e nor the opportunity to
assimilate completely. In short,
the effect of its policy has been
to constitute Soviet Jewry a
peculiarly marginal category of
citizens and to isolate them
from normal existence."
The review charged that
while there has always been a
strong campaign against reli-
- gion, "examination of the Soviet
press in the last thre years,
however, reveals a concerted
propaganda campaign to single
out Judaism and Jews for spe-
cial opprobrium." The double-
barrelled campaign, it charged
on the one hand, vilifies the
Jewish religion and, on the
other "perpetuates the tradi-
tional anti-Semitic stereotypes
of Jews."
Harrison J.- Salisbury, vet-
eran Moscow correspondent
of the New York Times, in
an article in that paper deal-
ing with the position of the
Jews in the Soviet Union, de-
clared that "active anti-Semi-

tism or active, persecution of
Jews no longer is carried out
by the Soviet government.
The situation of the Jew in
Russia, like that of any Soviet
citizen, is far better today
than in the final years of
Stalin's life.
"But t h e consequences of
official anti-Semitism and its
widespread dissemination
among the population are • far
from ended. Indeed, only fum-
bling and half-hearted efforts
have been made by the govern-
ment to face up to the reality
of the problem. Anti-Semitic
tendencies are still alive and
powerful," Salisbury adds.
Discussing the regime's atti-
tude on this, the correspondent
s a i d: "Why has Khrushchev
failed to act in forthright and
principled fashion against anti-
Semitism? There are those who
suggest that it is because he
himself has inherited the anti-
Jewish attitudes so common in
the Ukraine, where he grew up.
"Others suggest that Khrush-
chev fails to act because anti-
Semitism, actively propagated
for many years, has become a
popular policy. The fact is that
t h e Khrushchev government,
like the Stalin government,
treats the Jewish population as
a national security risk. There
seems little prospect of any
positive action by Khrushchev
to correct this situation in the
near future.
"The Soviet Union has em-
barked on a foreign policy
faVorable to the Arab states
and antagonistic to Israel. Jew-
ish cultural and emotional ties
to Israel have fed Soviet sus-
picions concerning Jewish

loyalty to the Soviet Union," ish Community Center this week of the action of the Center
Salisbury said.
announced that it will open on board last week in support of
Saturday afternoons, at 1 p.m., the Sabbath functioning pro-
Will Maslow, general coun-
starting on Oct. 31.
gram, that ii was "in response
sel of the American Jewish
to heavy membership requests,
Congress, who led a group
especially in the area of chil-
of 25 on a tour of the Soviet Samuel Frankel, president of dren's programming." In his
Union and Poland last month, the Center, who stated that:
"The program will emphasize statement Frankel pointed out
reported to the national
activities. It will in- that "it was the aim of the
administrative committee of
telling, informal Center to provide services for
the congress that in Russia,
and in- the entire Jewish community,
"the sole remnant of a once-
and that most segments of the
great Jewish community con-
community want, and in fact,
sists of a few solitary syna- The physical education depart- need, services on Saturday
gogues attended by a handful ment will also be open."
of old men and women, and,
See Editorial, Page 4
within 20 years or less, even Start Registration for
these will be gone. This," he Varied Center Programs
said, "is the bitter fruit of
Harriet Berg and the Dance-
the Soviet effort to obliter- to
organized Jewry in the a-Long Company from Wayne
State University will be featured
Serving Detroit
In Poland, by contrast, Mas-
Homes and Industry
low reported, the Polish govern- of seven special programs of
for Over 45 Years
ment had undertaken a "re- entertainment for juniors, spon-
markable series of steps aimed sored by the children's division
at encounaging a strong and of the Jewish Center, 18100
healthy revival of community Meyers, Sunday.
life among the estimated 40,000
Jews in Poland, all that remain
of some 3,000,000 who lived
the country before the Nazi in-
Young Jews born under the
Soviet regime and educated
under Communism are deeply
disturbed by Soviet anti-Semi-
tism, Meyer L. Brown, presi-
General Sales Manager
dent of the Farband Labor
Zionist Organization told a spe-
cial meeting of Farband leaders
last night on his return from
the Soviet Union. He said that
he had found the suppression
of all Jewish cultural endeavor
TI 6-1122
remained as stringent as in the
Between Ford Rd. & Mich. Ave., Dearborn
days before Premier Khrush-
chev took power.


WA 3-3300




Consul Shaul Ramati to Speak
Here on Israeli Politics, Security -

Israeli Consul Shaul Ramati,
formerly director of public re-
lations of the Israel Ministry
of Defense, will deliver an ad-
dress on the political and se-
curity situation in Israel when
he • initiates the annual series
of meetings of the Beth Aaron
Men's Club, at 8 p.m. Tuesday
in the congregation's social
Ramati will discuss the situ-
ation in light of the continuing
defiance by the United Arab
Republic of the United Nations
and of inter-
national con-
vention to
open the Suez
Canal to all
shipping. The
impact of Mid-
dle East ten-
sions upon the
f orthcom-
ing elections
for the Israeli
Knesset will
also be high-
lighted in Ra-
mati's talk.
The Men's
Club will open
its meeting to
the entire
community, it was announced by
Jerome Silberman, president,
and Maynard Feldman, vice-
president and program chair-
A speaker and writer, Ra-
mati, a graduate of Oxford Uni-
versity, served with the British
Army in World War II as cap-
tain in the Gordon Highland-
ers. Wounded twice during
Israel's War for Independence
in which he served as an in
fantry commander, he was later
designated a member of the
Israel delegation to the armis-
tice talks in Rhodes.
Following this .he was ap-
pointed general staff officer in

to the mixed armistice com-
missions with Egypt, Syria, Le-
banon and Jordan. At this time
he was commended by Gen.
Yigael Yadin, then Chief of
Staff of the Israel Army, for
his "outstanding diligence and
dignified presentation of the
Israel demands."
After serving as an infantry
battalion commander in the
Sinai campaign, Col. Raniati
was appointed, in 1957, director
of public relations of the Min-
istry of Defense and Israel
Army spokesman. In June, 1959,
he joined the Israel Foreign
Service, and on Aug. 27 of this
year he arrived from Israel to
begin his service as Consul and
director of information in
charge of press and information
services for the Midwest area.

At Schaefer and Cambridge

Takes Pleasure in Inviting You to Worship
In Its Air-Conditioned Social Hall for
Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur



Wffggsas=.-- .

Bonn Rejects Bid
for General Amnesty

The West
German government has no in-
tention of -considering- a gen-
eral amnesty for war crimes
and crimes against humanity, a
Ministry of Justice spokesman
said. An amnesty, covering all
such crimes prior to 1945, was
demanded by the right-wing
German Party.
The demand was made on
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
by Dr. Herbert Schneider,
chairman of the German Party,
who proposed that when Dr.
Heinrich Luebke took office as
president this week, he use
the occasion to declare a gen-
eral amnesty.
The Free Democratic Party,
a member of Dr. Adenauer's
coalition, was said to be pre-
pared to discuss the possibility
of an amnesty which Dr.
Schneider said should apply
for "all acts whose origins are
found in National Socialism
charge of the Israel delegations and the chaos of war."



High Holiday
Youth Services

For 13 to 20 year olds
will be conducted un-
der the auspices of
Ahavas Achim in the
auditorium of the Es-
ther Berman Building
of the United Hebrew

The Admission Charge for
these services is $2.00.


for all adult and youth
services may be pro-
cured through the syn-
agogue office daily 10
a.m. to 4 p.m. and 7
p.m. to 9 p.m.

„ •

Slichos Services

12:01 a.m., will be
preceded by a social
get - together Septem-
ber 26th from 10 p.m.
to midnight. Refresh-
ments will be served.

No Admission Cohrge.


' • •

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