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August 28, 1959 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-08-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

In "Gods and Men: The Ori-
gins of Western Culture," pub-
lished by Knopf, Prof. Henry
Bamford Parkes concerns him-
self "with the living past, not
with the past as a whole." He
believes that "the main factors
in the political and economic
literature, and art, and hence
development of any society are
its general view of life and
system of values, that these
are reflected in its philosophy,
that philosophy, literature, and
art are prime material for the
understanding of the past."
The reader is informed at
the outset that " 'Gods and
Men' represents an attempt to
re-evaluate the Judaeo-Hellenic
origins of our cultural heri-
tage."
Declaring that "the creativity
of civilization depends on find-
ing a harmony not only be-
tween order and freedom, but
also tribalism and universal-
ism and between religious unity
a n d rationalistic individual-
ism," Prof. Parkes states in
his analysis of Judaeo-Hellenic
traditions:
"Neither of the two peoples
who initiated the Western cul-
tural tradition ever achieved
such a harmony. For a few
generations the Jewish pro-
phetic movement succeeded in
infusing the traditional loyal-
ties of the Israelite religion
with universalist beliefs, but
post-Exilic Judaism, while not
forgetting the monotheism of
the prophets, largely reverted
to tribalistic attitudes. Hellen-
ism, on the other hand, which
tried to deduce principles of
justice from the concept of
natural law, f ailed to find
either a theoretic or a practical
reconciliation of freedom and
order, and succumbed to the
disintegrating effects of an ex.
cess of rationalism . . s"
The section in "Gods and

applied only to his Israelite
worshippers.
"An analysis of the historical
background shows why the re-
ligion of Israel, and of Israel
alone, was able to evolve into
monotheism," Prof. Parkes
states. He goes on to state
that "after the Babylonian cap-
tivity, Judaism produced the
creative thinkers comparable to
the major prophets, and showed
a strong tendency to revert to
its tribalistic origins."
There is a critical attitude
in his declarations that: "The
Jews must remain sharply dis-
tinguished f r o m all gentile
races; and as Judaism could no
longer be based on a territorial
state, it could survive only
through a strict adherence to
the laws of its national re-
ligion. Thus Israel built around
itself a hard, bitter shell of
ritualism and intolerance." In
a footnote, however, he ob-
serves: "Most Jewish historians
have a much higher opinion of
the post-Exilic period. See espe-
cially Louis Finkelstein's 'The
Pharisees'."
Towards the conclusion of
his analysis of the post-Exilic
period, Prof. Parkes adds:
"Faith in an ideal harmony,
mythically embodied in the
will of a righteous God, was
the most important Jewish con-
tribution to the Western heri-
tage." Here he speaks of it as
having gained liberalization
through Christianity, thus re-
vealing the emphasis on the
Christian viewpoint as it af-
fected the entire book.

150 Cyprus Jews Maintain Communal Life, WJC Reports

In the light of recent events
in Cyprus, the World Jewish
Congress in New York has
issued a report on the island's
Jewish community.
Quoting the latest available
figure s, Dr. I. Schwarzbart,
WJC director of organization,
reports that there are about
150 Jews in Cyprus in a total
population of 55,000. Though
scattered in four towns — Ni-
cosia, 60, Larnaca, 50, Famagus-
ta and Limassol, 15 each—they
have a central community
organization recognized by the
civil authorities.
Actually the history of the
Jews in Cyprus, Dr. Schwarz-
bart reports, dates back to the
Maccabean era in the second
century B.C.E. But that ancient
community disappeared a f ter
valiantly participating in the
revolt against the Emperor Tra-

USSR Dealings with
Jews Are Considered
Goodwill Touchstone

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
To The Jewish News

BRUSSELS — The manner in
which the Soviet Union deals
Men" dealing with Judaism with the Jewish minority in
evaluates the Mosaic tradition, Russia "will constitute a touch-
the prophetic movement and stone of goodwill which she

post-Exilic J u d a i s m. It de-
scribes "the pastoral society"
of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
and reviews critically the Bibli-
cal accounts of that era. The
author is of s the view that the
Mosaic code originated in Pal-
estine and not in the desert.
We are told about the orgiastic
practices of ancient times, and
the author states that "the
belief that Jehovah was an-
gered by oppression and ex-
ploitation was implicit in the
Mosaic tradition, though until
the time of the prophets this

NM

jan. In the Middle Ages a small ish families on the island. As
community once again existed the Germans invaded Crete in
in Cyprus but the present com- 1941, the entire Jewish popula-
munity dates back only to 1878. tion of nearby Cyprus was evac-
In that year the British estab- uated by the British authorities.
The story of the thousands
lished their rule over the island
and, with the help of the Jew- of hapless immigrants, who
ish Colonization Association, a bent on reaching Palestine,
group of Russian and Romanian were intercepted and interned
Jews founded a settlement. By in special camps on Cyprus, was
1901 there were about 120 Jew- related in Purely Commentary
last week. As far as they were
able, the Jews of Cyprus did
2,500-Year-Old Pottery
all they could to care for the
needs of the internees.
Discovered in Negev
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — A
complete kiln and pottery from
a workshop dating to the Na-
batean period (6th century
B.C.E.) have been discovered
at Avdat, south of Sde Boker,
in Israel's Negev desert.
349 N. Shore Dr.
The discovery proves that
So. Haven, Mich,
the decorated Nabatean pot-
Fully Furnished • Modern
Showers • TV • Elec. Refrig.
tery previously thought to have
Private Beach • Playground
been imported from Petra in
Patio • Fishing • Boating
Transjordan, was actually man-
Week, Month or Season
ufactured in the Negev. Vari-

Israel Is UNICEF
Anna Davidson, Prop.
ous artifacts believed to be
Phone 908-W
Rome were also found
Testing Ground from
near the kiln.
for Diet Study
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.,
(JTA)—Israel is being used as
a testing area for a new type
of study inaugurated by the
United Nations Children Fund,
in an effort to find out whether
there is a relationship between
improved dieting and a lessen-
ing of infant mortality.
UNICEF announced here that
a survey of this type, the first
ever undertaken, is being con-
ducted in Israel now with the
cooperation of the Government
of Israel. Girl students, seniors
in the College of Nutrition and
Home Economics, at Jerusalem,
are interviewing 800 families
in 40 Israeli villages where the
residents are recently-arrived
immigrants. From these inter-
views,. and other studies, a
scientific survey will be made
of the effect of dieting and
other environmental factors on
i n f ant mortality, espeeially
among peoples whose diets had
been previously inadequate.

does not cease to proclaim to
the West," Paul Demany, Bel-
gian Socialist leader and former
Cabinet Minister, said in an
article in Le Peuple, official
paper organ.
Demany's article referred to
a book published by Dr. Leon
Leneman, Belgian editor and
former Moscow correspondent
of the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, dealing with the treat-
ment of the Jews in the Soviet
Union.
Dr. Paul Struye, president of
the Belgian Senate, discussing
the Jewish situation in the
Soviet Union in an article in
the Libre Belgique, leading

Catholic Daily, expressed skep-
ticism as to the actual possib-
ities of improving the position
of the Jews in the Soviet Union.

Sentence 13 Israelis
for Beersheba Riots

JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Thir-
teen men arrested after the
riots by North African Immi-
grants in Beersheba last month
received sentences 'r a n g i n g
from one month's to nine
months' imprisonment, after be-
ing convicted of rioting in the
Jerusalem Magistrates Court.
Five others, including several
minors, were given suspended
sentences, and two were acquit-
ted because of insufficient evi-
dence against them.
The trial of these 20 alleged
rioters was the first of a series
scheduled in connection with
the disturbances that has oc-
curred in Haifa, Beersheba and
elsewhere in Israel.

MIAMI BEACH, Fla. — A
Tel Aviv Exhibition Marks
recent poll of Miami Beach
City's 50th Anniversary
visitors showed swimming is



...you get a boot
out of saddling up

Championship Golf Course
• Two Outdoor POols •
Waikiki indoor Pool
Riding Stable • Tennis • Twin Lakes

onderful W orld f or Children

New

Show Center. and Safari Lounge

• 1,6ENv

YpIRK

Hotel Tel: Ellenvitle 2100

ROSELINE
COTTAGES

Li THE ENTIRE FAMILY WILL ENJOY



JOE CORNELL'S








ON GRAND TRAVERSE BAY



• • The Finest in Jewish-American Cuisine

• Music by Panchito
• • Entertainment Nightly

•• • Activities by Joe Cornell



OMENA INN

• •








LABOR DAY WEEKEND • • •

from

• Friday, Sept. 4, Dinner

$


• Thru Monday, Sept. 7, Lunch

: Children Under 12 — 1/2 Price


30

0

i

up per Person

• Call Helen Rosenberg — UN 4-7853;



Michigan
• 000•0•111111•••••••01100111•••••••••••••••••••••••
111

Or Write: OMENA INN, Omena,

COMPLETE FALL, WINTER and SPRING
CRUISE LISTINGS NOW AVAIABLEI

• Nieu Amsterdam

• Rotterdam

• Caronia

• Britannic

• Kungsholm

• Stockholm

• Maasdam

• Ryndam

• Mauretania

• Statendam

• Italia

• Homeric

• Empress of England

• Empress of Britain

• Bergensfjord

• Constitution

• Independence

• Santa Paula

• Alcoa Ships

• Gripsholrn

• Santa Rosa

• SS Jerusalem

Booking Now Being Taken—For Information

CALL UN 4-4464 OR VISIT

ELKIN HOTEL and TRAVEL BUREAU

19437 Livernois at Outer Drive
TEL AVIV, (JTA) — An still the favorite vacation
exhibition marking the 50th activity.
fi
anniversary of the founding
of the city of Tel Aviv opened
on a site north of the Yarkon
River here.
The city exhibition held
annually in the years before
the Second World War, has
19161 SCHAEFER (NEAR 7 MILE ROAD)
not been held since 1936.
While the main exhibits con-
Nursery School, Ages 3 V2-5
Pre-School-Ages 5-6
cern the development and his-
tory of Tel Aviv, the displays
Elementary Afternoon School, Ages 7-13
include cultural and economic
subjects with many European
ENROLLMENT NOW TAKING PLACE FOR FALL TERM
cities participating with special
pavilions.
HOLIDAY AND TRADITIONS

UNITED JEWISH FOLK SCHOOLS

"Anyone can carry his bur-
den, however heavy, until
nightfall. Anyone can do his
work, however hard, one day.
Anyone can live sweetly, pa-
tiently, lovingly, purely, till
the sun goes down. And this
is all that life really means."
—Robert Louis Stevenson

•40. 111111 900

THE DETROIT JEW ISH NEW S — Friday, August 28, 1959 — *

Post-Exilic Judaism. Criticized
in Theologian's 'Gods and Men'

MODERN APPROACH
BAR MITZVAH PREPARATION
INTENSIVE TEACHING
TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED

NEW TERM STARTING WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 9th

FOR liNFORMATION CALL UN 4-6319

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