THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS— Friday, August 28, 1959- 10
Doneson Reports on Sad State of 'Say Khrushchev May 'Moderate' Policies on Jews
NEW YORK, (JTA)—Soviet that Moscow will not permit only divided in their attitude
Jewish People in the Soviet Union Premier Nikita Khrushchev will emigration of Soviet Jews, the toward Zionism, but profess
not permit Jewish emigration Newsweek experts said: "Russia widely varying political views-
took a long time to reach this from the Soviet Union, but may still needs the services of Jew- points. They also disagree about
BY JULES DONESON
boy. He looked not a day over "moderate" the Soviet policy of ish scientists, technicians and other questions such as the
In my conversations with 18. He was filled with fear to
Jews in Moscow, Leningrad and speak of his yearning to go to anti-Jewish discrimination, ac- other professionals, however manner in which to approach
cording to Leon Volkov, expert much it restricts their opportu- the Russians. These differences
Kiev, I found that there is no Israel. He had nothing to live on Soviet affairs for Newsweek. nities." On the other hand, are obstacles in arranging a
Jewish "community" in the
Volkov's forecast was made in easing of the anti-Jewish policy meeting with Khrushchev. How-
and foresaw his being shipped
communal sense. Jews are
with the possibility in the USSR "w o u 1 d cost ever nebulous all this sounds,
to Kazan or Sverdlovsky, far
frightened to display any out- east of Moscow, to use his legal that the Soviet Premier may Khrushchev nothing, and would the prospect that American
agree to see a delegation of redound to his credit around Jewish leaders may soon sit
ward manifestation of Jewish talents.
the world at a time when the down with Khrushchev has
identity, religiously or secular-
I spoke with a voice teacher, American Jewish leaders during Soviets are studiously courting raised hopes that something at
ly. Jewish customs and tradi- who was married to a non-Jew. his visit next month in this public. opinion." last will be done to improve
tions are not prohibited, but Her children were away at a country. Mr. Volkov believes
"American Jews," declared the lot of Soviet Jews."
the faithful are ridiculed.
pioneer camp. She told me that that Khrushchev may receive the Newsweek article, "are not
Soviet Arrests Jews
Jews meeting each other on the trend today is, not inter-
For Observing "Havdalah" Rites
he would discuss the situation
the street have no common
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The
"Jewish interest" to discuss— reasons. The commissars are of Soviet Jewry providing the
American Jewish community
Jerusalem Post reported this
current events dealing with worried that the Jewish loyalty
"can agree on the make-up of
week an article in the Russian
Jewish life anywhere in the might be stronger than the
a three-our-four man delega-
newspaper, Sovietskaya Mol-
world is not communicated to
tion." He added that "picking
davia, dated July 23, reporting
them thru any media whatso- ful to the state. I was amazed
To The Jewish News
a delegation, however, will not
ever. An "ugly face„ of Israel at her frankness, and baffled by
PARIS — Prime Minister that several elderly Jews had
be as easy as it sounds."
been arrested recently in Mol-
is presented them through the the conflicts of the status of
David Ben-Gurion of Israel was
davia on charges of "habitual
Explaining why he believes
Soviet press. Most Jews who the Jews.
on his way home T u e s d y, insobriety" because, each Satur-
hold key positions in the arts,
having curtailed his vacation day evening, they followed the
sciences, and rocketry have
at St. Clair on the French Riv- ancient "Havdalah" tradition of
completely assimilated them-
iera. Ben-Gurion and his wife, drinking from a glass of wine
Paula, left Marseilles aboard as part of the ceremony observ-
The present Soviet policy is
the Shoham liner Jerusalem ing the end of the Jewish
one of "spiritual and cultural
Prof. David Bakan, of the he expressed a love for Hebrew Sunday afternoon, occupying Sabbath.
starvation" to completely re- University of Missouri depart- and Yiddish translations of his a cabin that had been reserved
move Jewish idenification from ment of psychology, believes works; he was sympathetic to for them under another name.
the two and one-half million that the idea of psychoanalysis Zionism from the first days of
As in the case of Ben-
Jews in the Soviet Union. There developed by Dr. Sigmund the movement and was acquaint- Gurion's trip to France from
is little doubt in my mind that Freud is linked with generations ed with and respected Herzl; he Haifa, his departure was kept
this policy is winning, and the of Jewish mystical thinking. He had once sent Herzl a copy of so secret that even Israeli offi-
situation could worsen.
offers his views in "Sigmund one of his works with a personal cials did not know of the un-
4G A LA
I recall the evening our In- Freud and the Jewish Mystical dedication; Freud's son was a expected termination of h i s
tourist guide sat beside me at Tradition," a book that undoubt- member of Kadimah, a Zionist French vacation. Only on Mon-
the Leningrad Ballet. She re- edly will attract a great deal of organization, and Freud himself_ day, after he had already left
was an honorary member of it." France, Israeli circles here
minded me that earlier in the interest.
The sprinkling of Hebrew and were providing to the French
day someone had put a ques-
This volume, published by D.
tion to her about anti-Semitism. Van Nostrand Co., (120 Alexan- Yiddish terms in Freud's writ- press information about the
'Look," she said to me, as she der St., Princeton, N. J.), will ings is mentioned as an indica- Prime Minister's vacation, nam-
opened the ballet program, attract wide interest because it tion that he knew both. Dr. ing — for the first time — the SlA c gOr
"these are all Jews—Shektman, does not limit itself to an evalu- Bakan writes about Freud's villa where he had taken his
SEPT 4 thru 14
Teplitsky, Kagan, Halpern. Look ation of the psychoanalytical as- Jewish associates.
at the positions they hold— pects of his subject. His work
choreographer, first flutist, cos- also is a study of Freud's life is in the direction of proving
tume designer, celloist. We and background; it is an analy- the relationship of Freudian
The Religious School of The
have no anti- Semitism in sis of Jewish mystical move- thinking to Jewish mysticism.
ments; it probes the problems of
Later, in Leningrad, I spoke anti-Semitism, baptism and oth- ing with the Kabbala, with
the Zohar, with the Sabbatian
Now Accepting Registration for
with the caretaker of the Jewish er issues of our time.
and Frankist episodes in Jew-
Much is made by Dr. Bakan
cemetary where I photographed
the Coming School Year
of Dr. Freud's frequent refer-
the gravestone of the grand-
father , of Detroiter Nathan ences to his Jewish back-
- movements to psychiatry and
Finkelstein. The grounds were
He states at the outset that to Freud's ideas about Moses,
not beautiful, but no stones
10-12 A.M. SUNDAYS and
were refaced. Many of the Jews "a full appreciation of the de- are of primary interest.
1-3 P.M. DAILY
The major heroes of the
of Leningrad are in the arts velopment of psychoanalysis is
and sciences, including missiles essentially incomplete unless it mentioned movements pass in
KE. 5-4470 ■
and rocketry. The latter is at- is viewed against the history of review in this volume. Freud's
tracting many young people, in
eluding Jews, provided they against the history of Jewish and Montheism," in which he
mystical thought . . . Freud's said he believed Moses was an
place the State before G-d.
' In Kiev, I had a conversa- repeated affirmation of his Jew- Egyptian and was murdered by
ish identity had greater signifi- the Jews, is given considerable
15150 TEN MILE ROAD
tion with a Jewish hat-maker
cance for the development of space in Dr. Bakan's book.
and a Jewish barber. There psychoanalysis than is usually Freud, Dr. Bakan believes, was
Is happy to announce that its newly erected chapel
places of business are about 100 recognized. He was a partici- afraid his book would anger the
will be ready for High Holy Day Services.
feet apart, and I introduced pant in the struggles and the Jews as, indeed, it did • many
them to each other. The hat- issues of Jewish mysticism; and who criticized his conclusions.
maker's son is an engineer
To prove his point, Dr. Bakan
it was appropriate he
student in Leningrad, is 20 years where
drew from the Jewish mystical quotes from the Hassidic drama
of age, was not circumsized, nor armamentarium for equipment "The Dybbuk." The Shekhina is
Bar Mitzvah. They speak only
identified as the community of
Russian in t he home. That in Prof.
Bakan writes that Freud Israel. There is considerable
these two men did not know had good reason for not speci- space devoted to the interpreta-
that each other was Jewish
fying the development of the tion of dreams.
proves how effective is the Jewish tradition because "anti-
Among the interesting ref-
policy of the Soviets to eradi- Semitism, in which Jewish liter- erences to Freud's Jewish boy-
cate Judaism. Both the hat- ature was a primary object of alties is the quotation from
A Limited Number of Seats Will Be Available.
maker and the barber would attack, was so widespread and "Reminiscences of Professor
For information contact Lou Harris, President, at
like that Americans know so intense at the time that to Sigmund Freud" by Max Graf
LI 3-3563, Office, TE 4-4145, or Mike Weiner,
Soviet Jews are happy, but the indicate the Jewish sources of • on the question of conversion.
Treasurer, LI 4-3506.
lines on their faces showed his ideas would have danger- When Graf's son was born, he
otherwise. They have no choice ously exposed an intrinsically told Freud he was thinking of
so they make the best of it. controversial - theory to an un- saving him-from anti-Semitism
When I asked them' if they had necessary and possibly fatal op- by baptism. Freud advised
any religious freedom, they nod- position."
against it and said: "If you
ded their heads in the affirma-
do not let your son grow up
"The idea of Jewishness as
tive, and asked "What do we a source of energy is one
as a Jew, you will deprive
need it (religion) for?" The which recurs several times in
him of those sources of energy
24060 Coolidge, Oak Park, Mich.
barber's son works in a col- Freud's writings," Dr. Bakan
which cannot be replaced by
lective farm, has never been states. He quotes from Freud's
anything else. He will have to
inside a synagogue. His brother's lecture before the Vienna
struggle as a Jew, and you
wife lives in Israel with two Bnai Brith Lodge and from
ought to develop in him all
THE WORLD RENOWNED
sons, his brother Was killed in Freud's letters and other
the energy he will need for
an auto accident near Haifa in statements in which he fre-
that struggle. Do not deprive
1951. He expressed no desire to quently referred to his Jewish
him of that advantage."
"Sigmund Freud and the Jew-
came to the United Staates, but heritage, to Jews and Jewish
ish Mystical Tradition" is an en-
would . like to visit his nephews
The conclusions are reached lightening and thought-provok-
In Moscow, I met a young by Dr. Bakan that "Freud be- ing book. It reveals not only
man of 26 who had just grade- lieved that anti-Semitism was Freudian ideologies and family
Friday, Saturday, Sunday, September 11, 12, 13
ated from Law School of the practically ubiquitous in either backgrounds. but also many his-
University of Minsk. Both his latent or manifest form; the torical facts related to psychi-
For Reservations Call the Synagogue Office
parents are dead, an uncle lives broad masses in England were atry. It is a splendid work for
in Israel. I gave him a mezuzah, anti-Semitic 'as everywhere'; he specialists in the psychological
he didn't know what it was. He was of the opinion that the book field and for laymen as well.
never had seen one before. It of Moses would anger the Jews; —P S•
Freudian Theory Linked to
Jewish illystical Movements
EVERGREEN JEWISH CONGREGATION
0.0= 0 ••11.!0•1111•MI•110.0
YOUNG ISRAEL OF GREENFIELD
YOUNG ISRAEL CENTER