THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, August 14, 1959 8
Keating, Javits Blast Suez
Boycott; Ask U. S. Intervene
800 Jews in Aden Keep Looking Forward
to Psalmist's 'Next Year in Jerusalem'
By ELIAHU SALPETER
(Copyright, 1959, JTA, Inc.)
(Editor's Note: Mr. Salpeter,
chief correspondent of the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency in
Israel, is now touring Asian
and African countries. In this
article, he describes the life
of the Jews in Aden, a British
colony neighboring Yemen.)
Practically all of the remain-
140,000, of whom about 105,000
are Arabs, about 25,000 Indians ing Jews speak fluent-Hebrew,
and Somalis, about 5,000 Eu- have visited Israel, have many
ropeans, and about 800 Jews. relatives there and intend to
Ancient Aden was a flourish- emigrate to Israel themselves,
ing city, but Yemenite and other sooner or later.
Very often there is a regular
Arab occupations progressively
reduced it to a small village. rotation among the Jewish fam-
When the British occupied ilies; for about half a year,
Aden in 1838, its total popula- some members of the family
tion consisted of about 550 peo- stay in Israel, while others tend
ple, of whom about 200 were to the business in Aden; then
they switch, with those from
Aden going to Israel, and those
After the opening of the Suez from Israel coming back for
Canal in 1869, Aden regained some months to the family shop
its importance. Ships from in Aden.
Europe to the Far East and
The Jewish community, as a
back always stopped to take on whole,
lives in an atmosphere of
fuel and provisions in Aden, "Next Year
in Jerusalem," but
which has become the second it is always the NEXT year,
largest bunkering port in the since they try to stay on as
world. With the increase in
as they can.
population, there was also a long
The community has four
steady growth of the local Jew- synagogues
and a good Jew-
ish community which by 1948
ish school where 11 teachers
numbered almost 10,000.
give 1'75 children general and
Almost all Aden Jews came
Jewish education, a good
originally from Iraq. They—
knowledge of Hebrew, which
like most of the Indians and
has by now become the lan-
some of the Arabs—are all
guage spoken in a large part
in commerce, which depends
of the Jewish families.
on the special nature of the
One of the grievances of the
Jewish community is the atti-
Aden is a free port, which tude of the British authorities,
means that there are no cus- who—allegedly in trying to win
toms paid on any import to the favor of the Arabs—are now
the colony. This gave Aden the ignoring the Jewish community.'
fame—by now somewhat un-
Recently they failed to re-
justified—of being the place appoint the single Jew who
where everything can be bought represented the community on
the Legislative Council, entrust-
About half of the shops be- ing the protection of Jewish in-
long to Jews. Some of the Jews terests in the Council—to one
work as medium-rank govern- of the Arab members.
In 1948, the Arabs staged a
pogrom right under the nose
of the British, murdering scores
of Jews, plundering many of
their shops, burning their
houses. Since then, Jews have
progressively emigrated from
Aden, most of them to Israel.
American policy naw, he de-
WASHINGTON, (JTA) — Re-
publican Sen. Kenneth Keating, clared, must insist that "the il-
of New York, has voiced agree- legal restrictions on the use of
ment with Sen. Jacob K. Javits, the Suez Canal must be lifted
also of New York, who told the and the Inge Toft case settled.
Senate earlier that unless Presi- Otherwise, we cannot give aid
dent Nasser's illegal restrictions or fail to protest aid proposals
on use of the Suez Canal are by international agencies."
Sen. Keating told the Senate
lifted, "we cannot give aid or
fail to protest aid proposed by that some may think the Suez
international agencies to problem only affects Israel but
The British colony of Aden
"it is decidedly of more impor- is situated at the southern tip
Calling for American inter- tance than that." He said the of the huge Arabian Peninsula.
cession on the Suez Canal tran- interference with Israeli mari- It is surrounded by Aden Pro -
sit issue, Sen. Keating stated, time commerce involves others tectorate, whose 1,100,000 primi-
"We cannot leave this problem "because it has been the exper- tive Arab farmers and nomads
only to Secretary-General Ham- ience in international affairs are divided into 12 separate
marskjold," and urged that the that illegality in one area feeds kingdoms, each of whom has
United States raise the matter upon itself and may involve signed a Treaty of Protection
illegality in another area."
formally in the UN.
with the British government.
The expressed hope that Pres-
He said that President Nas-
The protection they were
ident Eisenhower and the Ad- ser's preventing the Danish ship seeking was against neighbor-
ministration "will assume the from transporting a cargo to the ing Yemen, where slavery is
responsibility to see to it that Far East, "has nothing to do still legal and flourishing, chop-
our representative in the United with military affairs," in a man- ping off hands is the routine
Nations does everything within ner that is totally without le- punishment for thiefs, and
his power to bring the Suez gality.
whose king, the aging Imam, is
Canal problem to a head."
about the cruelest and most
The Senator said that "so
absolute monarch on earth.
long as any country is acting Senate 'Whip' Backs
(Despite which, Yemen is a
illegally, we should be very Morse Amendment
member of the United Nations,
loath to give that country aid
its delegate there faithfully
to further its illegal purposes." to Appropriation Bill
echoing the Soviet line against
Javits' earlier comment was
WASHINGTON (JTA)—Sen- "Western colonialism.")
in direct reference to propo- ator Thomas Kuchel of Cali-
Aden colony proper consists
sals for a loan to Egypt by fornia, the Republican whip, of the port city of Aden and its
the World Bank to finance announced that he would sup- immediate surroundings, includ-
widening and deepending of port the Morse-Javits amend- ing the huge British oil refinery
the international waterway. ment barring United States aid and the British Military base.
The loan is expected to come to any country which discrim- The local population is about
up for discussion here at the inates on religious g r o u n d s
September meeting of the against U.S. citizens.
Bank's board of governors.
Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon Morse Amendment
Speaking on the floor of the had introduced the amendment Finds Wide Approval
Senate, Javits declared that to the Mutual Security auth-
NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
Nasser had renewed the block- orization bill. It was narrowly
Central Conference of Amer-
ade of Israeli cargoes at the defeated by a 47-43 vote.
Suez Canal in violation of the
Since then, Sen. Jacob Javits, ican Rabbis strongly endorsed
Constantinople Convention and of New York, and other have Sen. Wayne Morse's continuing
international law and, during joined in sponsoring the efforts to write into the Mu-
the last ten days, had accom- amendment to be submitted to tual Security Act a provision
panied this by violent - threats the Mutual Security appropria- opposing aid to any country
and declarations of belligerency. tion bill when the Senate Ap- which practices discrimination
(In Cairo, Nasser told an au- propriations Committee takes on religious grounds against
dience that Israel would not be it up.
The Civil Rights Committee
allowed to use the Suez Canal.
Sen. Kuchel supported the
He scoffed at reports that Is- Lehman Resolution of 19 5 6 of the American Federation of
rael planned to raise the matter which condemned the Saudi Labor - Congress of Industrial
before the United Nations and Arabian discrimination against Organizations in Massachusetts
repeated that he will "wage to- American Jews. He stressed his voted support of Sen. Morse's
tal war" against Israel if the belief that "one of the funda- amendment to the Mutual Se-
Jewish State will pursue "an mental principles, of our nation curity Act after hearing a re-
aggressive policy" against Egypt. should be that there be no port by the Jewish Labor Com-
His speech was broadcast distinction based on the re- mittee on the discrimination
practiced by Saudi Arabia and
throughout the country.)
ligious faith of our citizens."
Sen. Javits noted that Nasser He termed the Morse-Javits other Arab countries against
had used a speech by Moshe amendment a -"clear reaffirma- American Jews.
The Committee noted that
Dayan, Israel's former Chief of tion" of that principle.
the amendment spells out "the
Staff, as a pretext for his own
sense of the Congress" that
attacks on Israel and pointed
out that Gen. Dayan did not Okay Scout Movement financial assistance under the
law should not be furnished to
speak for the Israel government. in Israel State Schools
any nation which "creates dis-
He said "it must, however, be
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The
made clear that provocations Cabinet approved a recommen- tinctions because of their race
from whatever source only ex- dation of a ministerial commit- or religion among American
citizens in the granting of per-
acerbate and make more diffi-
cult maintenance of peace, and tee to permit scout movement sonal or commercial access or
any other rights otherwise
pose the danger of a recurrence activities in state schools.
A year ago when the govern- available to United States citi-
of the events of 1956 and 1957
which should certainly be ment banned all youth move- zens generally."
ment activities inside schools
Javits added that "all this has there were representations George Wein's Newport
occurred at a time when we from parents • associations, the
have been increasing our assis- press and influential groups All-Stars to Shine Here
The famed national Newport
tance to Egypt and when we who cited non-political aspects
Jazz Festival owes its incep-
have been bending our every of scouts.
The ban on youth movement tion to George Wein, who, with
effort to bring about mutual co-
operation with President Nas- activities in the state schools his Newport Jazz "All Stars,"
will remain in force for political will make his Detroit debut
Expressing concern over youth groups like the rightist Saturday at the American Jazz
"deterioration" of Israel-UAR Betar movement, the religious Festival.
Wein, who conceived the
relations, Sen. Javits said: "I Bnai Akiva, the leftist Hasho-
idea back in 1954, today pro-
believe it essential that our mar Hatzair, and others.
duces the annual event in the
government determine to deal
with the present crisis about Vote $11,000,000 to Clear East. His All Stars include
Buck Clayton, Pee Wee Russel,
the transit of shipping through Jerusalem Slum Areas
Vic Dickenson and Jimmy
the Suez Canal and not to
JERUSALEM, Aug. 10 (JTA) Rushing.
temporize with it."
— The Jerusalem Municipal
Saturday's festivities will be-
Sen. Javits stated that "we Council approved a 20,000,000
cannot hope to bring about pound ($11,000,000) slum clear- gin at 7 p.m. when a panel
peace and commerce between ance program providing for the discussion of jazz will feature
Israel and Egypt now. But we construction of 2,100 housing "Jazz Priest" Father Norman
can hope to pursue a persistent units for families now living in O'Connor. Other performers
will include the Chico Hamil-
policy . • . to bring about re- substandard homes.
ton Quintet, Chris Connor, An-
spect for international law."
The plan calls for the initial dre Previn and his trio, Duke
American policy, he added,
had often been criticized for construcion of 500 family units Ellington and his orchestra.
Tickets for the three - day
failure of consistency in its ap- costing $4,500 each. The Munir:-
Jazz Festival are on
plication. This is a situation in
which such consistency is both will grant each family a $3,600 sale at Grinnell Bros., down-
mortgage in Israel currency.
The Testimonial Program
Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Rosenberg
Will Take Place at 7:00 P.M., Monday, August 17th
At the Holiday Manor, 18641 Wyoming
Friends of Mr. and Mrs. Rosenberg will kindly note
that the place of the testimonial has been changed
from previously-announced Lutzker Hall and will
now be held in HOLIDAY MANOR.
We just have a little space left for little people
(KINDERGARTENERS) in the
HILLEL DAY SCHOOL OF DETROIT
for the year beginning
Sorry, registration is filled
for first and second. grades.
If you want the best for your children
in intensive Hebraic and General Education.,
call the secretary, Mrs. Levy,
HILLEL DAY SCHOOL OF DETROIT
DIAMOND 1-8260 9 :11:34i4.. mt.°
THE SCHOOL IS CHARTERED
BY THE STATE OF MICHIGAN