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August 14, 1959 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-08-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

4•1100.1•• ■ •

Lebanon Can't Support Refugees;
Threatens Split from Arab League

Boris Smolar's

Between You
... and
Me°

(Copyright, 1959
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

The Khrushchev Visit:

On the eve of the Soviet Premier's arrival in the United
States, the Kremlin is taking a second look at its "Jewish prob-
lem" ... Reliable information reaching American Jewish groups
in this country indicates that differences of opinion are now de-
veloping among the Communist leadership as to appropriate
"solutions" for this problem . . . Obviously, Khrushchev is pre-
paring himself for all kinds of questions with regard to Soviet
treatment of Russian Jewry which he apparently anticipates will
be put to him during his stay in the United States .. . He has
before him a report on the talk which Soviet Deputy Premier
Anastas Mikoyan had with leaders of the American Jewish Com-
mittee in New York early this year . . . And he also has a mem-
orandum on the situation of the Jews in the Soviet Union sent by
the American Jewish Committee to Mikoyan, subsequently to the
discussion in New York . . . The text of this memorandum, which
expresses anxiety concerning the condition of Soviet Jewry, has
been made public by the American Jewish Committee this
week . .. And it is in this memorandum that Khrushchev will
find the questions to_ which he will be expected to give an
answer in the United States . . . One of the basic questions
requires a clear Soviet statement as to what is the meaning and
the purpose of the present Soviet policy toward its Jewish
citizens . . . The memorandum sent by the American Jewish
Committee to Mikoyan in Moscow touches upon every form of
discrimination against Jews now practiced in the Soviet Union ...
It contains verified facts and figures, which neither Mikoyan
nor Khrushchev can deny . . Thus, it puts Khrushchev in a
position where he must clearly state what is in store for Soviet
Jewry, if he does not want to stand accused of suppressing
Jewish culture and religion, denying to Jews equal opportunity
for education, and eliminating Jews from higher positions in
government offices.

*

Jewish Plans:

Some of the major Jewish organizations in this country are
mapping separate plans to reach Premier Khrushchev with their
views on the Soviet treatment of Jews during his stay in the
United States . . . There is little hope that any of their leaders
may have an opportunity to discuss the matter with Khrushchev
face to face . . . However, ways and means will be found to
impress the Soviet Premier through influential non-Jewish per-
sonalities of the resentment on the part of American Jewry over
the suppression of Jewish culture . . . It was this way also with
Mikoyan when he visited the United States . . . Through
important non-Jewish channels he was stimulated to invite
leaders of the American Jewish Committee for lunch and hear
their grievances . .. Little came out of that meeting, but more
can come out if Khrushchev himself would follow Mikoyan's
impulse to have a talk with American Jewish leaders . . . Some
of these leaders may—as individuals—be present in New York,
or Washington, or Chicago, or San Francisco at the official
receptions for Khrushchev . . However, such receptions are
no place for a frank exchange of opinions, especially when
the U.S. Government is determined not to cause any embarrassing
moments for Khrushchev . . . In some Jewish circles the idea
is advanced that all major Jewish organizations should approach
Khrushchev jointly—and not separately—in a concerted effort
to impress him on behalf of all the five million Jews in this
country . . . Those advocating concerted Jewish action point
out that, in 1919, before the Paris Peace Conference, Jewish
organizations did make such a joint effort . . . They sent a
Committee of Delegations to the peace conference and secured
national minority rights for Jews in countries where Jews had
no equal rights .. . However, there is not the slightest chance
now that the American Jewish Committee and the American
Jewish Congress will join in common action, although both
condemn Soviet suppression of Jewish culture and institutions.

JERUSALEM, (JT A) — A
Lebanese Cabinet Minister
warned other Arab countries
that Lebanon will not continue
to support Arab intransigence
in refusing the re-settlement of
the Arab refugees, and that his
country may split off from the
Arab camp on this issue.
Commenting on the Arab
League's outright rejection of
UN Secretary General Dag
Hammarskjold's report on the
refugees, Pierre Jumeil, Leb-
anese Minister of Labor and
leader of the Christian Falange
coalition party, declared that
this was the last warning to the
Arab countries that Lebanon
cannot support a negative at-
titude, and, unless Arab leaders
swiftly find a constructive so-
lution to the refugee problem,
Lebanon will have to go its own
way.
The Minister explained that
small Lebanon cannot any
longer carry the burden of
100,000 refugees who form 11
percent of its population, while
Lebanon's own citizens are
forced to emigrate.
The Arab governments can-
not reject all constructive sug-
gestions while failing to pro-

Argentine Ex-President
Welcomed in Israel

duce their own feasible pro-
posal, Jumeil said. He proposed
that the Arab countries ask the
United States and the Soviet
Union to jointly work out a
solution of the Arab refugee
problem.
Behind Jumeil's firm words
seems to be the fact that Leban-
ese political balance is based
on an uneasy equilibrium be-
tween the Moslem and Christian
populations with 90 percent of
the refugees being Moslems
while most of the emigrants
are Christians, thus threatening
to upset the balance.
Arab League delegates, meet-
ing in Beirut, cautiously re-
jected the terms of Hammarsk-
jold's suggestions about inte-
gration of the refugees into the
economic life of the host
countries, while repeating dema-
gogic statements about the im-
pending return of the refugees
to what was formerly Palestine.

ing with the right to buy Leban-
ese land, The New York Times
reported from Beirut.
Deputy Kamel el Assad re-
marked that the measure would
enable Jews of Lebanese de-
scent to buy large tracts of land
in Lebanon for Israel. "I don't
believe Lebanese Jews owe al-
legiance to Lebanon," Deputy
Takieddin Solh stated. "It is to
Israel that their allegiance
goes."
Defense of the Jewish com-
munity came from D e p u t y
Joseph Chader. He told the
Parliament that no Jew, in
Lebanon or Syria, had been con-
victed of spying for Israel. He
asserted that Jews in Lebanon
"are more loyal to this country
than many other citizens." The
bill was then referred to the
Committee for Justice and Ad-
ministrative Affairs.

* * *
Jews of Lebanon Get
Verbal Knocks, Praise

The

Shippan
Point,

NEW YORK, (JTA)—Loyalty
of Jews in Lebanon was at-
tacked and also defended in the
Lebanese Parliament at a
stormy session at which the
question was debated whether
to include Jews in a bill deal-

JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Maj.
Gen. Pedro E. Aramburu, ex-
President of Argentina, started
a week's official visit to Israel
with a call on President Itzhak
Ben Zvi. Following his recep-
tion by Ben Zvi, Gen. Aram-
buru had a long conference
with Foreign Minister Golda
Meir, then was the guest of
honor at a luncheon tendered
by Mrs. Meir.
During his visit here, the
Argentine statesman will con-
fer with Prime Minister David
Ben-Gurion and will inspect
military installations and de-
velopment projects.

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UN Echoes:

The Arabs are feverishly preparing for the forthcoming
General Assembly of the United Nations which opens in New
York on Sept. 15 . . . But they will not come this year as
united as in the previous years . . . Not even on the issue
of the Palestine refugees which kept them united till now . . .
There are basic differences of opinion between them over the
report by U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold recommend-
ing the resettlement of the refugees . . . Jordan, which has the
majority of the Palestine refugees on its soil, is against rejecting
Hammarskjold's recommendations . . Egypt opposes Jordan's
stand in this matter because Nasser does not want Jordan to
profit from the huge funds which Hammarskjold, recommends
for productive absorption of the refugees . . . Also, because
Nasser still wants to use the Palestine refugee situation both for
propaganda against Israel and for restlessness within Jordan . . .
Lebanon, where the Palestine refugees constitute about eight
percent of the total population, is also against the absorption
of the refugees, but for a different reason . . . Moslems and
Christians maintain a delicate numerical balance in Lebanan,
and the absorption of about 100,000 refugees would tip the scale,
giving the country a Moslem majority . . . However, Jordan is
so strongly for the Hammarskjold report that it may put forward
at the United Nations its own "positive" plan even against the
wishes of the other Arab states . • . A delegation of refugees
from Palestine will come to New York early next month to
influence behind the scenes the U.N. debates on the fate of
the Arab refugees . .. Meanwhile, one can already hear severe
criticism of the Arab Refugee Office in New York among
members of the Egyptian delegation to the United Nations . .
They claim that Dr. Izzat Tannous, the head of the office, does
not speak in the name of the refugees, simply because he sides
with Jordan on the Hammarskjold recommendations.

WW3

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5 -- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday , August 14, 1959

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