THE DETROIT JEWISH NEW S — Fri day, August 7, 1959 12
AJ Congress Survey Reveals 1959 Knesset to End Session. Begin Election Campaign
The view was underwritten
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The the measure, appealed to the
the entire five-man board of
as Good Year for Civil Rights Laws final
regular weekly session of
the London Rabbinical Court.
the Knesset, Israel's Parliament, and crime" of new regulations
begah Monda y, before the which enabled children of A few of the scholars polled
House adjourns to enable its mixed marraiges—as well as an would impose a rule even more
NEW YORK — Twenty-four
members to campaign for re- adult who declared he had no strict than that required by a
laws against racial and religious
election in the November elec- other faith—to become a Jew traditional Judaism, while
discrimination were adopted
without conversion. The issue minority is opposed to strict
during 1959 by 14 states, the
The Knesset, however, can led the National Religibus Party
American Jewish Congress re-
Prime Minister Ben-Gurion
be convened for special sessions to quit the coalition a year ago.
ported here following a special
Lorenz said the issue had circulated the replies of those
until the newly-elected Parlia-
study made on civil rights legis-
ment assembles after the elec- created a controversy in world who were polled to the mem-
lation in various states.
Jewry and had tended to cause bers of the Cabinet, Summaries
"Both in number and con-
The Knesset is expected to divisions and widen the rift be- of the replies are expected to
tent," the study notes, "the
pass this week several bills in tween deligions and secular be made public later in the
civil rights laws enacted by the
final readings. These will in- elements.
states this year exceeded the
Ben-Gurion replied that the
clude an amendment of the
product of any year in the past
Civil Service Law; restricting proposal would be -interpreted
political and fund-raising acti- as a pre-election gesture and
The study summarizes the
vities of government employes, counselled patience until the
principal legislative advances of
as well as an amendment broad- opinions of the Jewish scholars
1959 as follows:
1. California and Ohio adopted Anti-Bias Housing Bill ening the privileges of foreign
Meanwhile, it was reported
enforceable fair employment
laws. This brought to 16 the
A watered-down anti-trust here, that 90 percent of the 61
SEATTLE, (JTA) — A state and anti- cartel law, supported world-famous Jewish scholars
number of states having such
law which prohibits discrimina- only by Mapai and the left-wing around the world, polled by a
tion on racial grounds in the
2. Colorado, Connecticut, Mas- sale of houses built with the parties, approved by the Knes- special Israeli Cabinet commit-
tee on the touchy problem of
sachusetts and Oregon adopted
broad fair housing legislation, aid of Federal financing was
The other parties, abstain- who should be acknowledged as
thereby following the path re-
ing on the vote, protested vari- a Jew, have ruled that strict
Jewish religious law should be
cently marked by New York in Superior Court.
Judge James W. Holden set
City and Pittsburgh,
The new law permits price the rule.
aside a ruling by the State
That would mean that a
agreements and monopolistic
3. Maine became the 24th
state to enact an enforceable Board Against Discrimination practices in firms growing and child must be registered in
accordance with the religion
law prohibiting discrimination directing a home-owner to sell marketing farm products, if one
fine food you
in places of public accommoda- his house for $18,000 to a Ne- or more of the companies are of the mother. Thus, children
tion. A number of other states
owned by a labor union, or if
improved the effectiveness of
all companies involved are
could not be registered as
property-owner was acting as a owned by the government.
their laws in this area.
Jewish without ritual con-
The Congress survey also re-
There is no outright ban on version to Judaism.
20231 James Couzens
veals that the work of the 1959 his home had been purchased all cartels and monopolies in
Those in favor of the strict
state legislatures "brings to an
the measure, 77hich provides interpretation of Jewish re-
impressive total the number of istration-insured mortgage.
"An individual acting in his only for government control ligious law on this question in-
state anti-discrimination laws in
clude a famous professor at
private capacity is perfectly and inspection.
The law assumes each restric- Harvard, and other famous
Sixteen states, it notes, now free to discriminate as he tive practice will be judged on scholars and rabbis, including
have fair employment laws en- pleases," Judge Hodson de- its merit since some may be some who are not Orthodox
forceable by an administrative clared. The Washington anti- beneficial to the Israel economy.
12th at Hazelwood
agency using the method of discrimination law was enacted
conciliation, backed by the in 1957.
ever, must be reported to a
power to issue administrative
newly-established office of the
orders enforceable in the courts.
Commissioner for Restrictive
Four states have laws broadly
prohibiting discrimination in
At the same time, the
education, enforced by admin-
Parliament rejected a pro-
istrative agencies, while a num-
posal by the religious parties
All Work Guaranteed
ber of others have more limited
COLOGNE (JTA) — A spe-
to apply Jewish religious law
legislation in that area.
Twenty-four states have pro- cial library has been estab- to the determination of
Bands, Crystals, All Types Jewelry Repaired
Jewish identy for national
hibited discrimination in a sub- lished here, devoted to the aim
registration purpose S. The
stantial portion of the general
housing market. Three others tion of the relation of Ger- vote was 30 to 1'7.
Located in Rosen Optical Service
Prime Minister David Ben-
have prohibited discrimination many to her Jewish population."
13720 W. 9 Mile Rd.
An official announcement Gurion cited his Dec. 3 state-
in virtually all public and pub-
Open Daily 9:30-6 — Thursday 9:30-9
licly-assisted housing, and a made here stated that the goal ment in the Knesset that all
number of states have more of the library is the gathering regulations of the Ministry of
limited statutes in this area.
of Jewish life in Germany, with dren of mixed marriages had
We Make Our Own Glosses
the help of the federal govern-
California to Put Teeth ment, state governments, pri- been
He also noted that pending
vate collectors and contributors. completion of a poll of Jewish
in Civil Rights Bill
DOMESTIC AND IM-
Thus far, 1,500 volumes have scholars throughout the world,
Attorney General Stanley Mosk
has established a new section relating to general Jewish life registration of adults had been
• PRESCRIPTIONS FOR GLASSES
of his office, to be known as the in this country. A special divi- frozen.
Shlomo Lorenz, who proposed
Constitutional Rights section, sion of the library is being de-
to stiffen enforcement of the voted to the life, contempora-
• Reasonably Priced
• Immediate Repair
ries and works of Moses Men-
state's civil rights legislation.
A former president of the
--ASK ABOUT OUR CONTACT LENS
Los Angeles Jewish Community, kalah, or Enlightenment move-
Mosk pointed out in a state- ment, among German Jewry.
The library will also have
ment that "protection of rights
JERUSALEM (JTA) — A
is as much a responsibility of material on Nazi atrocities World Bank loan for Israel will
13720 W. 9 MILE nr. COOLIDGE
our office as aiding in the pros-
be discussed by Israel officials
Two of the foremost authors attending the September meet-
ecution of violations of the
Hours: Daily & Sat. 9:30 a.m.-6 p.m. — Thursdays to 9 p.m.
law." The new section, he said, of the younger German genera- ing of the board of governors
would make the Attorney Gen- tion, Heinrich Boell and Paul of the World Bank and Inter-
■ 041■ 01111■1,1■11.0111■0■ 11.11=11.41111111.0■0■1■ 11i.../1111
eral's office "more sensitive Schallueck, initiated the library national Monetary Fund in
and responsive to the needs of
Washington, D.C., it was dis-
establishment of a collection of
closed this week.
The fourfold functions of the "Germania Judaica." Financial
The Israel officials will be
new section will be to investi- support has been given to the Levi Eshkol, Finance Minister,
gate and report on alleged in-
and David Horowitz, Israel State
fringement of the civil rights and the state of North_ Rhine- Bank Governor.
of any persons or groups in the Westphalia.
Observers here speculated
that the two Israel officials r - )
would raise the question of the
projected World Bank Loan to
President Nasser of the United
Arab Republic for widening the
Suez Canal. President Eugene
Black of the World Bank has
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been pressing for speedy ap-
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Israel officials reportedly feel
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state, to institute or to inter-
vene as friend of the court in
civil and criminal actions as re-
quired, to serve as mediator in
order to prevent infringement
of civil rights of individuals or
groups, and to work closely with
the Fair Employment Practices
Commission "to help achieve
the legislative objectives."
Judge Mosk commented that
"while the general state of civil
liberties in California is good,
there is room for substantial
improvement." He n a in e d
Franklin H. Williams, until now
West Coast counsel for the
NAACP, to head the new office.
to Mark History
of German Jewry
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Israel to Press
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