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July 31, 1959 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-07-31

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, July 31, 1959 -- 8

Ben-Gurion. Back at Work Takes Swipe at Opposition


mier David Ben-Gurion returned
Tuesday from his vacation and
participated in a general de-
bate in the Knesset on the merit
of Kol Israel, the national broad-
casting services.
He spoke for more than an
hour defending the services

against charges that Kol Israel
was "subjective" to the pro-
government Mapai Party. The
Knesset voted to refer the issue
to a special committee. .
Ben-Gurion indicated his con-
tinued dissatisfaction at the
presence of the four left-wing
members of the Mapam and

British Jewry Debates Arms Sale;
Recommend 'Hands Off' Policy

LONDON (JTA)—Debates forthcoming general elections
on the recent Israel arms sale there."
* * *
to West Germany occupied the
attention of delegates at meet- Peres Defends Deal
ings of two of British Jewry's
for 'Israel's Future'
major Jewish organizations, the
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Shimon
Board of Deputies of British
Peres, retiring director general
Jews and the Anglo-Jewish
of the Israel Defense Ministry,
asserted that within a few years
The debate at the Board of the European arms industry
Deputies meeting centered would be unified and that Israel
around a report of the Board's in consequence would be un-
Israel committee, presented by able to purchase arms without
chairman S. Teff. He told the "European consent, and this
delegates that the committee means including West Ger-
"fully realized that this was a many's • consent."
most delicate matter and any
In an interview in Davar,
sentiments shown by Jews were Histadrut's daily newspaper,
genuine, understanding and nat- Peres added that France and
West Germany in particular
He pointed out that the Is- were planning a common arms
rael position was that Jews out- industry and that arms Israel
side of Israel must understand might need would come out of
the position of the Jewish State such a common production.
He said France supported the
"hemmed in by implacable
armies who obtain weapons establishment of a European
from both blocs while we are community and there was no
left on our own and have to alternative for Israel but to
see to it that we have the means make friends with the countries
to defend ourselves should the which are France's friends.
Recalling Israel negotiations
time come."
Teff also cited Prime Minis- for purchase of mothballed
ter David Ben-Gurion's argu- West German submarines, since
ment that Israel had not re- discontinued, Peres said Israel
armed West Germany and that had needed such submersibles
the $3,000,000 worth of Israel as a defense against the sub-
arms sold to the Bonn Republic marines the Soviet Union had
could not make any real dif- sold to the United Arab Re-
ference on the issue. Teff added public.
Peres, whose resignation as
that if this was a question of
defense and self - preservation, director general became effec-
the question "must be left to tive July 22, said "important
headway" had been made in
establishing a scientific mili-
Several speakers criticized tary industry in Israel which
AJEX, the Jewish Veterans Or- he called essential in any pos-
ganization, for submitting a pro- sible future warfare. Peres is
test note about the arms trans- being replaced by Asher Ben
action. Speakers argued this Nathan as acting director gen-
should not have been done eral.
without the knowledge of the
* * *
Board. A suggestion was made
that the Board's grant to AJEX Germany Seeking Pact
on Arms with Egypt
be withdrawn.
Responding for the veterans,
BONN (JTA) — A spokes-
A. Bard said criticism of Prime man for the West German De-
Minister Ben-Gurion did not fense Ministry, responding to
imply a lack of love or devo- widespread reports of an arms
tion for Israel and that those agreement with the United
who "merely kept silent and ac- Arab Republic, denied that "up
quiesced" in such actions "un- to the present moment" such a
dermined Israel's integrity." He pact had been reached.
termed the "threat" of with-
The reports were that nego-
drawal of the Board grant to tiations had been in progress
AJEX "unworthy" of the Board. between the two countries since
Two other delegates, A. Shloi- last March when two West Ger-
mevitch, and Harry Goodman man defense officials visited a
of Agudath Israel, also assailed munitions plant in Egypt.
It was also reported that a
the arms agreement.
President Barnett Janner said 26,000,000 - mark contract had
he agreed that the ultimate di- been signed with the UAR to
cision must be left to Israel and neutralize the negative effect"
that he did not believe Ben- which the recent Israel sale of
Gurion would take action that $3,000,000 worth of arms might
was not in Israel's best inter- have had on diplomatic and
ests. He appealed to the Board commercial relations with the
to take no further action on the Arab countries.
Economic experts in Bonn in-
A similar stand was taken by dicated unofficially that arms
R. N. Carvalho, president of the negotiations with the UAR were
Anglo-Jewish Association, at a in progress and that hopes were
meeting of the organization's being attached to the projected
council. He said the AJA had agreement as likely to lead to
always maintained that Jews closer West German economic
who were not citizens of Israel relations with the UAR.
Much interest has been ex-
had no right to intervene in
pressed in industrial circles
domestic issues there.
"While we understand the here about the recent UAR an-
very real conflicts which the nouncement that construction
sale must arouse in many Is- contracts for the second phase
raelis," he said, "the Associa- of the huge Aswan Dam in
tion does not feel that it Egypt were still "completely
should make any statement open." Dr. Ludwig Erhard, the
which would influence feelings, Bonn Minister of , Economics,
or make more difficult the reso- had indicated his willingness to
lution of the problem, espe- visit Egypt in the fall to dis-
cially since the debate in Israel cuss West German participation
is not unconnected with the in the building of the dam.

Achdut Avodah in his Cabinet
by taking his seat in the Knes-
set, not at the government table,
but among the Mapai deputies.
During his speech he did not
miss the opportunity to lash out
against the dissident left-wing,
members of his Cabinet for vot-
ing against Israel's sale of arms
to West Germany.
Transportation Minister
Moshe Carmel, one of the four
dissident Cabinet members, took
the floor to reply to the Pre-
mier's charges. He said that
when his party entered the co-
alition Cabinet, it made it a
condition that while participat-
ing in the government, its mem-
bers in the Cabinet were to
maintain a free hand regarding
questions concerning Germany.
Carmel rejected the Premier's
charges that the Mapam and
Achdut Avodah members of the
Cabinet had violated the collec-
tive responsibility pledge by
their vote against the arms deal
with West Germany.
He asserted that they acted
in good faith according to a
resolution adopted unanimously
in the Knesset in November,
1954, against Germany's rearm-
ament, and pointed out that this
resolution was still valid and
binding on the House.
In Washington, a recom-
mendation that Israel be drop-
ped from United States for-
eign aid because it sold arms
to West Germany was made
in a foreign aid debate in the
House of Representatives.
(Rep. H. R. Gross, Iowa Re-
publican, said that if Israel
now had a capacity to manu-
facture munitions and sell
them to industrially-advanced
countries and extend foreign
aid in Africa and Asia, the
United States should termi-
nate aid to Israel. He added
that the Israel-West German
arms transaction demonstrat-
ed that Israel had no real
need for development loans
and other aid funds.)
Ben-Gurion informed the Cab-
inet that he would preside at
Cabinet meetings, but would not
take part in any Ministerial
committees which include the
four Ministers of the left-wing
Mapam and Achdut Avodah
Meanwhile, a new political
movement announced it favored
a federation of Israel and Jor-
dan. The new movement, to be
known as "The New Regime" is
composed of disappointed mem-
bers of the pro-government Ma-
pai Party and the opposition
Herut Party.
It is headed by S. M. Tamir,
leader of the Herut, and in-
cludes Eliezer Livneh, formerly
a leading figure in the Mapai.
The new group has not decided
whether to take part in the
forthcoming national election,
but if it will, its list of candi-
dates will be headed by Tamir
who gained prominence during
the Kastner trial as the lawyer
for the defendant.
The Cabinet heard reports
that leaders of North African
immigrant communities in vari-
ous parts of Israel have started
an effort to prevent recurrences
of recent rioting in Haifa, Mig-
dal Haemek and Beersheba.
The program includes infor-
mation campaigns, house-t o-
house calls, talks to groups by

rabbis, teachers and labor lead-
ers. The goal is to give reassur-
ance to North African newcom-
ers concerning real or fancied
grievances believed to have
been a major factor in the riots.
Committees plan to set up
lists of complaints from the im-
migrants and also all allegations
of discrimination. The lists will
be turned over to municipal and
national authorities.
Despite indications that
such tensions were subsiding,
police were maintaining an
alert at sensitive locations,
including Jerusalem. It was
reported that at least three
outbreaks were stopped in
early stages in Jerusalem,
Kiryat Shmoneh and Hatzor
in northern Israel.
Groups at these places started
to incite residents, but the
groups dispersed immediately
when police made a show of
The Jerusalem Sephardi Com-
mittee posted placards through-
out the city warning against a
widening rift between the Euro-
pean and non-European commu-
Giant posters recapitulated
long-standing claims of discrim-
ination against non-European
Jews and pointed to the lack of
representation of the Sephardic
community in Israel's Parlia-
ment and the Jewish Agency.
The posters attacked the World
Jewish Congress conference con-
vening in Stockholm Sunday.
The Sephardi committee
charged that none of Israel's 25-
man delegation to the confer-
ence were non-European Jews,
although the parley is to discuss

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Israeli Soldiers Take
Leave to Go Marching

tingent of Israeli soldiers, com-
prised of 26 men and 20 women,
participated in the four-day long
marching competition at Ny-
megen near here.
Also in the group were 26
Israeli civilians, members of
the Dan Bus Cooperative in Tel
Aviv, who won first prize this
year in the four-day march in

communal integration in Israel,.
The Federation of the Sephar-
dis sent a cable to Dr. Nahum
Goldmann, president of the
World Jewish Congress, point-
ing out that the Sephardi com-
munity consists of nearly a half
of the entire Jewish population
in Israel. The Federation pro-
tested the non-inclusion of Se-
phardi representatives in the
As a result, Dr. Leon Bern-
stein, leader of the Israeli exec-
utive of the WJC, said this af-
ternoon that Sephardi represen-
tatives would be included in the
delegation to the Stockholm par-
ley as observers and consultants
to the Israeli executive.
The Sephardi posters also
criticized the composition of the
government commission named
to inquire into the Haifa dis-
turbances, pointing out that
only two members of the com-
mission were non-Europeans.
The Committee urged the ex-
pansion of the panel and broad-
ening the commission's scope to
include social and economic as-
pects of the riots.
The Committee placed the re-
sponsibility for the disturbances
on all political parties and
claimed that they all practiced
discrimination and were indif-
ferent to the plight of non-


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