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July 24, 1959 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-07-24

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AJ Committee - ADL Report Shows
Progress in Civil Rights Legislation

NEW YORK (JTA) — Civil
rights legislation in states
throughout the .country has
registered "very productive
progress" during the first six
months of this year with un-
precedented moves leveled
against discrimination in pri-
vate housing, according to re-
sults of a survey conducted
jointly by the American Jewish
Committee and the Anti-Defa-
mation League of Bnai Brith.
The agencies reported that
the first state laws barring dis- -
crimination or segregation in
private housing in the United
States were enacted in Colorado,
Massachusetts, Connecticut and
Oregon. In addition, California
passed a statute prohibiting
discrimination in publicly-aided

Firemen examine a swastika scrawled on a wall at the
Columbus, Ga., Museum of Arts, following an arsonist fire
which destroyed approximately $20,000 in paintings. Some 165
pieces of art were lost, and seven swastikas were found on the
walls of the private museum after the fire. Similar swastikas
were found on the outside walls of two Columbus synagogues
during the week. Police were inclined to dismiss the incident
on grounds of prejudice, stating that it was more the work of
vandals. Rewards of $1,500 have been posted for apprehension
of the chlprits, including $500 from Georgia Gov. Ernest Van-
Diver, who called the vandalism "a demented act."

Order Probe of All NY Sports Clubs
Following Bias in Bunche Incident

NEW YORK (JTA)—A broad
investigation of private sports
clubs in New York City sus-
pected of barring Jews, Negroes
and others from membership
on the basis of race or religion
was announced by Dr. Alfred J:
Marrow, chairman of the city
Commission on Intergroup Re-
. Dr. Marrow, who indicated
the probe after the commission
heard testimony from Dr. Ralph
J. Bunche, Nobel Prize winner
and United Nations Under-
secretary, also said the commis-
sion might ask legislation to
prevent such bias in member-
ship policies.

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Dr. Bunche opened the issue
by revealing that he had been
told that neither he nor his
son, Ralph Bunche, Jr., 16,
could become members of the
West Side Tennis Club of
Forest Hills, Queens, because
they were Negroes.
The club's board subsequently
repudiated the statement of
president Wilfred Burglund, ac-
cepted his resignation and in-
vited the Bunches to join.
Dr. Marrow said that while he
recognized the right of private
clubs to bar any group on racial
or religious grounds, he also
felt there was "a moral and
psychological aspect" to such
discrimination. Psychologically,
there is a harmful effect on any
group that is banned.
In repudiating its earlier
stand, the West Side Tennis
Club accepted the resignation
of its president, who was re-
sponsible for the statement that
the club accepted neither Jews
nor Negroes.
The club, in announcing its
policy of considering and ac-
cepting members "without re-
gard to race, creed or color,"
added that . "the club presently
has members. of Oriental and
other ancestry and there is
representation of the Jewish
faith among the membership."
In pursuing the investigation,
however, Dr. Marrow announced
that it was the commission's
desire to "establish a formal
record of past events and well-
defined standards for the
future" and also "to determine
if new city legislation is needed
so that sponsors' of public ex-
hibitions will have their obliga-
tions to treat all citizens equally
—both in their internal and
external conduct —spelled out
in unmistakable terms."

The annual cost of TB is
estimated at $725,000,000,
mostly in tax money. This fig-
ure includes money spent for
prevention, detection, treat-
ment, and compensation. It does
not include lost earnings. Since
1952, the cost of TB has in-
creased more than $100,000,000.

and redevelopment housing.
race, creed or national origin.
Discrimination in employment
The anti-discrimination laws
received a further set-back dur- in private housing in Massachu-
ing this period when the major setts and Connecticut bar dis-
industrial states of California crimination in multiple dwell-
and Ohio joined 14 other states, ings and housing developments.
including Alaska, which have In Oregon, the law applies to
effective fair employment prac- people in the business of buy-
tice laws enforced by commis- ing and selling homes. Enforce-
sion procedures. Missouri be- ment of this new legislation is
came the first border or south- vested in existing state agencies
ern state to enact a statute or civil rights commissions
barring discrimination in state which have the responsibility of
employment. This state also enforcing other state laws pro-
made its Temporary Human hibiting discrimination.
Rights Commission a permanent
The new laws also prohibit
the publication of advertising
In the realm of housing, which in any way indicates a
Colorado became the first state preference or limitation with
in the nation to enact a law respect to race, religion or na-
prohibiting discrimination in all tional origin.
types of housing — private as
In public accommodations,
well as public and publicly- resort or amusement, the State
of Maine joined 22 other states
'Speak for Yourself, hibits the owner of any housing with
civil rights laws prohibit-
Valuable Guide for unit—other than those occupied ing discrimination in these
by owners or their families— areas. Under Maine's new law,
Speaking in Public from refusing to sell, rent or violations
are punishable by
Those who aspire to be pub- lease to any person because of fines or imprisonment.
lic speakers, all who would like
to improve their power to ex-
press themselves both in public
and in private conservations,
will be helped greatly by the
new book, "Speak for Your-
self," by Jessica Someras Driv-
er, published by Harper &
Bros. (49 E. 33rd, N.Y. 16).
Containing the "essentials of
reading aloud and speaking,"
Mrs. Driver's book contains
sound advice and genuinely
guides the reader towards vast
Included in the book is the
essential science of expression,
proposes "reading aloud" as
an aid to better speaking, sug-
gests how to improve conversa-
tional style and pronounciation,
outlines the importance of lis-
tening as well as the natural
use of one's voice and has much
to offer in the matter of poise—
including posture and appear-
ance on, a platform.
The section dealing with ex-
temporaneous speaking guides
the reader regarding short
talks on public platforms, con-
servation, presentation of a
subject, announcements and in-
troductions at public meetings,
and other related matters deal-
ing with lecturing and public
"Speak for Yourself" serves
a valuable purpose.






Two Arab Infiltrators
Slain in Border Clash

Egyptian infiltrators were killed
and three wounded and cap-
tured in a clash with an Israeli
Army patrOl near the Egyptian
border, an Army spokesman re-
He said the patrol spotted
the infiltrators, who were re-
ported to be bearing typical
fedayeen (commando) arms and
wearing Egyptian army scouts
footwear, near a settlement in
southern Israel. When the infil-
trators were challenged, they
opened fire on the patrol which
returned the fire. The Israel
patrol did not suffer any

Novel `Pish-Pesli' Is
Israel's 'Flea Market'

A rival to the Parisian flea
market is Israel's "pish-pesh"
market in Jaffa, happy hunting
ground for tourists seeking
exotic souvenirs at bargain
In the midst of second-hand
shoe and clothing stalls are
hand-etched copper planters,
beautiful Oriental tables and
jugs, pewter samovars, primi-
tive, dangling earrings, exotic
coin belts, filigree jewelry, un-
usual embroideries, miniatures
for the home and other un-
usual gift items.


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OPEN 7 A.M• 'TIL 10 P.M.

1 1 — T HE DETROI T JEWISH NEWS — Fri day, July 24, 1959

Museum Burned; Find Swastikas

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