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April 10, 1959 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1959-04-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, April 10, 1959-40

Hammarskjold's Stand on Suez Passage Saturday Review Publishes Bialik
Essay on Leonid Pasternak, in a
of Israel Carlo Creates New UN Puzzle

Translation by Prof: Shudofsky

UNITED NATIONS (JTA)— the opening session there of the of the just rights of nations."
Asked whether Jordan would
Saturday Review has pub- attend surreptitiously the art
United Nations Secretary Gen- United Nations Economic and
accept from Israel an offer of lished a three-page translation school of his city? . . ."
eral Dag Hammarskjold took Social Council.
In Pasternak's paintings, —
The conference, which was compensation to those Arab from the Hebrew of an article
newspapermen by surprise with
among
them were those of Bia-
written
by
the
a display of an extremely leni- brief, concerned Israel's corn- refugees who are citizens of
lik, Chaim Weizmann, Nahum
ent attitude toward Egypt's con- plaint against Egyptian seizures Jordan, Rifai said: "The refu- outstanding ".• -
Sokolow and other outstanding
fiscation of Israeli cargo on of cargoes aboard non-Israeli gees are an integral part of the Jewish poet in
Jewish leaders — Bialik wrote,
ships passing the Suez Canal, vessels, which passed through Palestine problem and cannot modern times,
were "hidden a particle of the
Hayim N a h-
despite the fact that there is a the Suez Canal while carrying be separated from it."
secret recesses of his Hebrew
man
Bialik,
Israel
-
originated
goods.
The
Rifai was asked about the
decision of the UN Security
spirit. There is little else in the
Council that the Suez Canal complaint filed by Eban with status of paragraph eight of the about Leonid
essay to throw light on Paster-
must be open to all ships of all the Security Council, has not yet Jordan-Israel Armistice Agree- Pasternak,
nak's background.
father
of
Bor-
been
answered
by
the
Cairo
ment,
which.
in
Israel's
view,
nations.
There have been rumors that
is
Pasternak,
Government.
However,
Hammar-
grants
to
Israel
free
access
to
Giving second place to the
Boris and his parents were bap-
author
of
the
skjold
states
that
he
is
person-
the
Holy
Places
on
the
Jor-
UN decision. the Secretary Gen-
tised, but there is nothing in
eral said that a unilateral Egyp- ally in touch with the United danian side as well as to Mt. Nobel prize-
available facts to substantiate it.
winning novel
tian declaration, made in 1957, Arab Republic on this issue.
Scopus. He replied:
In the Shudofsky-translated
must be a "starting point" in Hammarskjold Expected
"We made our view clear to "Doctor Z h
Dr. Shudofsky Bialik essay appears also the
vago."
discussions about the passage to Explore' Suez Impasse
Secretary General Dag Ham-
The translation is by Dr. M. following revealing statement:
of Israeli cargo through the
WASHINGTON (JTA)—State marskjold on this point but M. Shudofsky, professor of Eng-
"After a number of years
Suez Canal. That declaration Department sources said that have not learned what the other
Pasternak's fruitful work in
lish
at
Wayne
State
University,
made it clear that Egypt con- that the United States was look- view was. The question of free
the building of Russian art
sidered freedom of shipping ing to United Nations Secretary access to Mt. Scopus cannot be who is completing a volume of brought him 'official' recogni-
through the Suez a matter that General Dag Hammarskjold to taken independently from other translated critical essays by tion, so that in the 1880s he
should ultimately be decided by explore Israel's comp hints of clauses of the general armistice Bialik to be published soon.
In his essay, Bialik, who was was appointed to the Moscow
the International Court of Jus- Egyptian interference with Is- agreement. But Mt. Scopus is one
the Jewish leaders who Institute of Pure Art. Such
Lice. Israel has rejected this raeli cargo aboard shins of vari- covered by a separate local were of befriended
the elder indulgence to a Jew by the
suggestion on the basis of the ous flags transitting the Suez agreement which is recognized Pasternak, refers to by Pasternak's
government of those times—
UN Security Council ruling.
by the United" Nations and by childhood. Bialik, in the article during the heyday of the
Canal.
Hammarskjold evaded an-
blackest reaction and in holy
These sources said Israel the two parties. This is an in-
swering a question as to sought American intercession dependent agreement, has no translated by Prof. Shudofsky, Moscow, the city which was
posed
the
questions:
whether Cairo has sent a reply because of recent United Arab bearing on the general armis-
completely subservient to des-
"His background? What will
to the UN Secretariat on Is- Republic seizure of Israel car- tice agreement and therefore, that
potic rulers (enemies of the
give us? What good, for
rael's complaint regarding the goes bound through the canal. Mt. Scopus is not under the
Jews who like Sergei Alexan-
example, will it do if we know
seizure by Egypt of Israeli It was explained, however, that, general armistice agreement."
drovitz persecuted them with
what
happened
during
his
cargo on ships passing the Suez since Israel has also raised the
passionate brutality) — such
childhood
in
the
1860s,
when
UNEF
Still
Needed,
Canal. It is known here that no issue with the United Nations,
indulgence,
I say, was con-
Jews
first
began
to
taste
Rus-
such reply has been received the State Department feels the Troop: Chief Says
sidered impossible and un-
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y., sian culture, and the enlight-
as yet.
imaginable. Of all the Jewish
international body should han-
ones among them were
Hammarskjold was also asked dle the matter. The issue was (JTA) — Because the situation ened
artists there was in Moscow
headlong flight from Juda-
what he thought of the state- described as one with inter- in the Middle East "is still un- in
only one other, Levitan, who
ism?
What
will
we
learn
from
implications
that
came
stable,"
the
United
Nations
ment made recently by United national.
was similarly honored.
the
fact
that
he
was
reared
in
Emergency
Force
must
continue
Arab Republic President Gamal more directly within the scope
"I know that Pasternak is
to stay on the job, Lt. Gen. E. the home of poor parents: his
Abdel Nasser, who had dis- of the United Nations.
not one of the 'great luminar-
L. M. Burns, UNEF commander, father was an innkeeper in
closed that, some months ago.
ies.' But one thing is certain:
declared at a ceremony at his Odessa, 'the beauty of the
he had planned "decisive bat- Jordan Premier Foresees
it is the people of his kind
South'
on
the
shores
of
the
headquarters
in
Gaza,
according
tle" against Israel. The UN Eventual M - E Settlement
and his level, men of talent
Black
Sea,
the
city
of
light
to
a
report
received
at
UN
Chief said such quotation was UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.
and
industry, men of culture
and
levity,
and
that
there
he
inaccurate, since Nasser had I (JTA) — Samir Rifai, Prime headquarters here.
and tradition, each in his field
the Russian-gymna-
"UNEF is still needed here," attended
made it clear he would fight Minister of Jordan, spelled out
wherever he may be, who are
and7--like most children
Israel only "if attacked" by a three-point set of problems Gen. Burns stated at Gaza, "to sium
the doers and the catalysts in
of
the
'pioneers
of
the
Haska-
t that would have to be discussed help keep the peace because of lah' (the Jewish Enlightment
Israel.
every generation: they con-
when there are Arab-Israel the tensions existing on either in Europe, characterized by
stitute the building blocks of
Regard Dag's Statements
side of us. The fact is that the
talks for peace.
every nation."
in secular studies and
as Partisan to Egypt
Those problems. he said, are, situation in the Middle East is interest
Perhaps the above provides
a revival of Hebrew)—he
With regard to the passage of 1. The territorial question; 2. still unstable. Our presence by
answer to the question posed
Israel's cargo through the Suez The question of the refugees; here, and the success we have was ignorant of the Hebrew the
in
Purely
Commentary last
language
and
literature.
Canal, Hammarskjold was re- 3. Property problems. Reiterat- had in helping to maintain
week
in
the
review of Boris Pas-
"And
how
will
it
aid
us
to
minded of the Security Council ing what Jordan's King Hussein peaceful conditions, is impor- know further that the boy's ternak's "I Remember," as to
resolution and other United Na- said on a television program, tant to the inhabitants of this
Lions decisions which favor free Rifai declared at a luncheon • Gaza Strip who can go about soul was suddenly taken with how the elder Pasternak man-
aged to secure residential rights

passage. In the light of these here given by the United Na- earning
their living without in- painting, so that he used to
documents, Hammarskjold's re- tions Correspondents' Associa- terference or danger to life, and steal out of seventh grade in outside the Jewish Pale of
ferral to Egypt's statement of tion:
to all others in the nations that the gymnasium in order to Settlement.
1957 — which was unilateral —
"The solution to the dispute surround us, who fear war."
was considered as being pro- must be found. Unless the so- "Indeed," Gen. Burns contin- Israel Honors Canadian Supreme Court Justice
Egyptian and anti-Israel. The lution is found, the area will ued, "our task is important to
Direct JTA Teletype Wire
Comay; former Israel Ambas-
Secretary-General has usually remain troublesome. But it is the world as a whole, as we
To The Jewish News
JERUSALEM — Canadian sador to Canada, now Deputy
been noted for his meticulous not the responsibility of Jordan have often been assured by the
of the Israel Foreign
observance of non-partisanship. alone, or of the Arab States, or delegates of the nations in the Supreme Court Justice A. K. Director
Ministry;
Avraham Harman,
The 1951 Security Council of the West — but a United United Nations Assembly." The Rand was honored Tuesday by of the Jewish
Agency, and of-
resolution touches on the very Nations responsibility. Sooner occasion for Gen. Burns' re- the planting of wood bearing ficials
of the Canadian Embassy
issue raised here last month by or later, the problem will be marks was a ceremony con- his name on the outskirts of and the
JNF. Justice Rand was
Israel in regard to confiscation solved. We all want peace. No nected with the demobilization Jerusalem sponsored by Winni- a member
of the UN Commis-
of cargoes. Those cargoes were one wants trouble, no one wants of a battalion composed of Dan- peg Jewry.
sion
on
Palestine
which was
Justice and Mrs. Rand were
shipped from Haifa to Ceylon, war. Everyone talks of peace, ish and Norwegian troops going
the Philippines, Japan and even Russia. We want peace home under the UNEF troop present for the ceremony which responsible for the resolution
was attended also by Michael establishing Israel.
Hong Kong. The 1951 resolution based on justice and recognition rotation plan.
stated categorically that it was
concerned about denying free-
dom of passage through the B-G Beats Non-Confidence Motion on Kol Israel Mobilization Alert
Suez Canal to "nations at no
The Prime Minister, who is to a widespread impression that
JERSUALEM, (JTA) — By both of them were "surprised
time connected with the conflict
also defense minister, named a a general mobilization was im-
in Palestine" who needed "val- a vote of 63 to 32, with 12 and stunned" upon hearing the special committee to investigate minent.
uable supplies for their eco- abstentions, Parliament Tuesday unauthorized radio announce- the "reserve call-up" announce-
The_ anxiety and confusion
rejected a non-confidence mo- ment.
nomic reconstruction."
ment on the Kol Israel radio reached such a pitch that Gen-
The
_
Premier
said
he
issued
,
tion
criticizing
the
government
In addition to the 1951 reso-
which caused widespread excite- eral Laskov was contacted by
lution, the Security Council also for the "false alarm" military instructions immediately that all meat throughout Israel, concern special messenger at the Mann
adopted, in 1956, six principles reserve call-up, broadcast by the foreign missions in Israel be in- in many world capitals, and ex- Auditorium in Tel Aviv, where
on operation of the Suez Canal. Israel radio last week. The mo- formed that, actually, the army pressions of alarm in Syria and he was attending a concert in
One declares:. "There should be tion was introduced by four op- call-up order affected no more Jordan. honor of Queen Elizabeth of
free and open transit through position groups. than 1,200 reserves, and that a
An Army spokesman explain- Belgium. The streets were emp-
The vote was taken after a grave error had been commit-
the canal without discrimina-
ed that Israel's reserve units tied and movie theaters played
tion, overt and covert — this lengthy statement by Prime ted. He also instructed Gen. Las- have special code names by to half-empty halls.
covers both political and tech- Minister David Ben-Gurion, who kov immediately to explain the which they can be called up via
It was not until an hour later
nical aspects." Another of the said that the blame for the mix- error to Belgium's dowager radio or the press in the event that a second news bulletin in-
up
has
already
been
fixed
Queen
Mother
Elizabeth
now
principles holds: "The opera-
of an emergency. A similar call- eluded a correction with the an-
tion of the canal should be in- against one high-ranking Army visiting Israel. Ben-Gurion had up announcement was broadcast nouncement that "this is a rou-
sulated from the politics of any officer, while the responsibility heard that members of Queen eight years ago, but it was pre- tine call-up for the reserve serv-
country." Giving second place of lower - ranking officers was Elizabeth's entourage were ex- ceded by a specific code to indi- ice." Meanwhile, foreign mis-
to those principles, and first still under investigation. The erting pressure on her to cut
it was only . a test. sions in Israel worked through
place to the Egyptian declara- Premier provided no names. short her visit to Israel and to cate
The
broadcast, however, was the night to reassure their gov-
In
a
10-page
report
Ben-
return
to
her
home
at
once
after
tion of 1957, seemed to ob-
preceded by an unexplained ernments that the call-up was
servers here as anything but Gurion described the circum- the "false alarm" broadcast.
stances attending the incident, The non-confidence motion statement to listeners to "re- "a false alarm."
non-partisan behavior.
but told Parliament he could was introduced by four leaders main at your wireless sets for a
The Israel government apolo-
Dag Meets Briefly
not, for security reasons, reveal of opposition parties: Samuel further important announce-
with Eban on Issue
the details as to how the mix-up Mikunis, of the Communist Par- ment." There followed an an- gized to the Knesset for the con-
Abba S. Eban, chairman of had actually occurred. He em- ty; Itzhak Raphael, of the Na- nouncement that three units fusion created by the broadcast.
Israel's delegation here, con- phasized that nobody regretted tional Religious Party; Menah- were called up. The announce- Finance Minister Levi Eshkol
ferred with Hammarskjold on the incident more than he and em Beigin, of Herut; and Peretz ment was repeated several times made three statements to Knes-
Monday, just before the UN Gen. Chaim Laskov, chief of Bernstein, of the General Zion- with no explanations as to the set.
reason for the call-up, leading
Chief left for Mexico to attend staff of the army. He added that ists.

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