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May 20, 1955 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1955-05-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Purely Commentary Vigorous Israel Bond Campaign Program

Announced; Drives Start in Twelve Cities

By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Who Will Give us a Serum against Fear?

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

We are indebted to the excellent bi-monthly magazine, The

Reporter, for the following:

NEW YORK — Plans for a

`FULBRIGHT FEARS FOR STUDENT PLAN'

"He said without mentioning names that some Congress-
vigorous sales campaign for Is-
men apparently think American young people are contaminated
rael bonds, coordinated with
if they associate with foreigners."
—New York Herald Tribune other Israel campaigns such as

Now is the time for a new Dr. Salk to find
The right vaccine
To immunize the young American mind
Against obscene
Philosophies—not from abroad, but here:
The crippling virus—fear
Spread by the sick among us. This
Is the new paralysis; the new
Contamination by our faithful few.

—SEC.
Which prompts us to ask: WHO will produce a serum against
fear? Who can create a vaccine against fear? Who can create a
vaccine against prejudice, so that we also can put an end to
discrimination?
In the same issue of The Reporter we were treated to the
following additional lines by SEC.:
D.A.R. WANTS ATOMS-FOR-PEACE PROJECT ABANDONED

Ribbons a-flutter and orchids a-tremble;
Yearly the vigilant Daughters assemble,
Affirming in fervid and firm resolutions'
Their permanent veto on all revolutions.

We are linking the two naively. Perhaps the phantom of the

D.A.R. really isn't as frightening as it is purported to be.

-

A Foolish Question Gets. the Answer It Deserves

The Reform Jewish magazine American Judaism posed a
question: "Should Jews urge the inclusion of American Jewish
history in public school textbooks?" It got the answers it
deserved: emphatic no's from most people, with only a sprinkling
of yes's.
It ought to be clear to anyone that if Jewish history is to be
taught in our public schools then there is justification for
teaching the histories of Italians and Poles and Greeks; of
Catholicism and Episcopalianism and Baptism, etc., as well as
Judaism.
We are fighting constantly for separation of church and state
and for the retention of the basic American ideals; yet we permit
ourselves the foolish luxury of debating a question like the one
posed by the Reform Jewish periodical. We consider it a
ridiculously foolish question that has well earned some of the
emphatic rebukes it has received.
*
*
*

.

Important Correction to Earlier Einstein Item

A correction must be made to an item which appeared in one
of our earlier columns about Dr. Einstein. We quoted a rather
despondent remark he had made to Dorothy Schiff, publisher of
the New York Post, about Israel. The correspondent of the London
Jewish Chronicle in New York inquired about it and Einstein re-
plied:
"MisS Schiff has used a private visit -she paid me by in-
corporatin.g (without asking my permission) casual remarks in
a tendentious newspaper article. This article does not, by any
means, represent my views."
Thus, Einstein, before his death, repudiated any doubt about
his faith in Israel. The fact is that he had reaffirmed his love
for and faith in Israel by his plans for an appeal to the conscience
of the world in Israel's behalf. He was, indeed, one of the great
factors in world Zionism.

Another Einstein Explanation

Dr. Albert Einstein's famous comment — would rather
choose to be a plumber or a peddler" — called for an explanation,
and it was given. The following from the Correspondence section
of The Reporter Magazine throws new light on the Einstein state-
ment, which was prompted by resentment against 'witch-hunts and
the unfortunate interrogations to which scholars and scientists
have been subjected in recent years:

To the Editor: Having met Dr. Albert Einstein in the company
of a delegation of students from Yeshiva University two years
previously, and having been deeply impressed by his intellectual
courage, I was puzzled by the advice, seemingly defeatist, which
appeared to flow from his letter in the November 18, 1954, issue
of "The Reporter." (Commenting on a series of articles that
described the situation of scientists in the United States. Dr.
Einstein wrote: "If I would be a young man again and had to
decide how to make my living, I would not try to become a
scientist or scholar or teacher. I would rather choose to be a
plumber or a peddler in the hope to find that modest degree of
independence still available under present circumstances.")
I wrote to him, chiding him for appearing to abandon
science for plumberdom, and for leaving scholarship and teach-
ing because of a wall of prejudice. I was mistaken. His answer
to me was in a form that is especially significant now that the
world has lost the living mind of one of its greatest friends.
1 hope his letter will be of value to students contemplating sci-
ence and life.
ARTHUR TAUB
Here is a translation of Dr. Einstein's letter to Mr. Taub:
You have completely misunderstood the intent of my re-
mark. I wanted to suggest that the practices of those ignora-
muses who use their public positions of power to tyrannize over
professional intellectuals must not be accepted by intellectuals
without a struggle. Spinoza followed this rule when he turned
down a professorship at Heidelberg and (unlike Hegel) decided
to earn his living in a way that would not force him to mort-
gage his freedom. The only defense a minority has is passive
resistance.
Very truly yours,
ALBERT EINSTEIN

There is one comment that is in order on Einstein's state-
ments, especially those which, like the one with the "plumber-
peddler" angle, resulted from protests against injustice: all of
them were motivated by the goodness of his heart. His sense of
justice caused him to speak bluntly. He was frank and unafraid.
He possessed the type of temperament that is needed for liber-
tarian action. Would that we had more like him! May we be
blessed with more Einsteins!

2-7-DETROITJEWISH NEWS

Friday, May 20, 1955

the United Jewish Appeal, in a
manner that will not interfere
with other drives, were announc-
ed Tuesday by Dr. Joseph J.
Schwartz, vice-president of the
newly-formed Development Cor-
poration for Israel Which has
'just undertaken the bond res-
ponsibility as sole underwriter
for the State of Israel:. Although
registered with the l'SeCurities
Exchange Commission 'only this
week, the new corporation has
already obtained authorization
far the sale of bonds in 30 states,
and 12 major cities have begun
their new bond drives or are in
the process of organizing them,
Dr. Schwartz said.
In many respects, as far as
the principal objective of "selling
as many bonds as possible to as
many people as possible" is con-
cerned, the new organization will
function as the old one did.
"There is continuity of effort
and that continuity remains,"
Dr. Schwartz declared. "However,
there is one 'significant' change
in the terms established .between
the new corporation' and the
State of Israel as compared with
the former organization in
charge of bond sales," the new
bond chief asserted. The agree-
ment with Israel, according to
Dr. Schwartz, no longer gives the
bond organization t he "sole
right" to determine when,
where or how to sell bonds. That
clause in the old contract, it was
noted, was the crux of the diffi-
culties that involved the old
bond sales organization with
local communities that objected'
strenuously to free wheeling
bond sales method's between the
old. bond saleS organization and
local communities.
Under the new set up, Dr.
Schwartz pledged that "local
communties will have something
to say about how bonds are sold
and the methods of selling
them."
Names of members of the ex-
ecutive committee and the board
of governors of the new corpor-
ation will be announced after

56 Jews in Race
For M. P. Places

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

LONDON—There are at least
56 Jewish candidates running on
four different slates in the May
26 national elections in Eritain,
it was determined here Tuesday
ir_ a survey of the final list of
candidates. Forty of the Jews
are running on the Labor ticket,
10 are running as Conservatives,
four as Liberals and one as a
Communist. There were 16 Jews
in the last Parliament.
Prominent among the labor
candidates are incumbent Bar-
nett Janner and his son, Gren-
ville Janner, who is fighting for
his first seat. Among the Con-
servative candidates is Sir Henry
Davigdor Goldsmid, president of
the Jewish Colonization. Associ-
ation, and Sir Keith Joseph,
member of the executive com-
mittee of the British Friends of
the Hebrew University.

UN Council Drops
Calendar Reform Plan

meetings of the two groups next
Sunday. A meeting of the old
bond organization's city mana-
gers will be held Friday. So far,
Dr. Schwartz said, he was hap-
py to note that the majority of
the old staff of professionals
has agreed to remain with the
new corporation.
An indication of the vigor of
the new campaign planned by
Dr. Schwartz was seen in the
schedule announced during
Tuesday's press conference. Be-
tween May 23 and June 30, bond
sales campaigns will have begun
in at least 12 major cities. With
Dr. Schwartz in attendance - at

important functions of the local
drives.
Dr. Schwartz indicated that
there has been absolute coordin-
ation between his planning and
the UJA and Zionist organiza-
tions. He has conferred with the
leadership of every major Zion-
ist organization in this country,
he said. Outstanding Zionist
leaders will be among the mem-
bers of the new corporation's
board of governors" and execu-
tive. However, in no case will
these Zionist leaders represent
their organizations —"they will
be in our organization as indi-
viduals," Dr. Schwartz said.

First Administration of Israel
Bond Organization Ended Monday

NEW YORK, (JTA) — The I The control of the bond-
present administration of the selling organization was trans-
Israel Bond Organization came ferred Monday to a newly-
created agency known as
to an end on Monday, after hav- Development Corporation for the
Is-
ing sold over $190,000.000 in rael, of which Dr. Joseph 3.
State of Israel Bonds in the Scwartz is the executive head.
United States and 28 other
The retiring leadership of the
countries of the free world, it State of Israel Bond drive con-
was announced by Rudolf G. sists of Samuel Rothberg ; na-
Sonneborn, president of the tional chairman; Julian B. Ven-
American Financial and De- ezky, chairman of the executive
velopment Corporation for Is- committee; Henry Montor, chief
rael which was founded four executive officer : and Mr. - Son-
and a half years ago to float neborn, president. Harry Seeve is
Israel's first bond issue in the among those who resigned from
United States.
the bond organization.

Leaders at Mechanarama Dinner

These 1955 Allied Jewish Campaign leaders and guests of the
division were on the dais at the second annual Mechantrama
Dinner of the mechanical trades division. (Left to right) : REUVEN
DAFNI, Consul of Israel in New York, who addressed the group;
MAX M. FISHER, dinner chairman; NATHAN KOLB, who, with
Jack 0. Lefton, is division chairman; ABRAHAM SRERE, honor-
ary 1955 campaign vice-chairman, and GUY ROPP, president, In-
dustrial National Bank of Detroit.

Between You and Me

By BORIS SMOLAR

(Copyright, 1955, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

The Domestic Scene

Jewish education is definitely progressing in this country .
This can be seen in reports which will be discussed at the annual
conference of the National Council, for Jewish education this
week-end (May 19-23), as well as from other data . • . As the
picture stands now, there are about 400,000 children attending
Jewish school in the United States . . . These figures are based
on a census carried out by the Commission for the Study of
Jewish Education in 197 communities representing 80 'percent of
the entire Jewish population . Seven -years ago there were only
240,000 pupils in the various Jewish schools . . . The nationwide
expenditure for Jewish education, according to research specialists
of the American Association for Jewish Education, is now in the
neighborhood of $35,000,000 a year . . . However, Jewish education
is still fading quite :a number of serious problems . . . One of them
is the fact that 52 percent of the children still attend Sunday
schools only, and this means that their Jewish education is
liniited to. one or oneand-a-half hours a week for a 36-week
school year. Another problem is the fact that most of the
children don't stay long enough even in the school which they
attend two or three times a week .. . An exception is the more
than 30,000 children who attend all-day Jewish schools and of
whom 66 percent are boys .. Perhaps the most serious problem
facing JewiSli education in this country today is the appalling
shortage of qualified and competent Jewish teachers . . Data
compiled by the American Association for Jewish Education shows
that there are about 4; 200 teachers employed in Jewish schools
.. Approximately 1,700 are employed in New York City and over
2,500 in the rest of the country ... This figure includes many who
are not prepared for the job and to whom teaching is not a calling
. . . Thus many of them are only temporarily on the job ... It
is estimated that about 500 new teachers are needed every year
to replace the ones who leave the profession . . . However, the
existing 12 teacher training schools turn out no more than 130
teachers for the Jewish school system . . . The total enrollment
in these institutions is approximately 1,200; of whom 54 percent
are male students . . . Five of the teachers seminaries are in New
York . . . They include the Teachers Institute of the Jewish
Theological Seminary, Teachers Institute of Yeshiva University,
Jewish Teachers Seminary, Hebrew Teachers Training School for
Girls, and Hebrew Teachers Institute "Herzliah" . . . There is also
the College of Jewish aaUdies in Chicago, Hebrew Teachers College
in Boston, Hebrew Teachers Institute in Baltimore, and the Gratz
College in Philadelphia . • . Jewish teachers seminaries also exist
in Cleveland; Los Angeles and Detroit, but they have not as yet
graduated `any teachers , Almost all these institutions conduct
afternoon or evening classes, - while the bulk of their studea

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.,
(JTA)—Consideration of the so-,
called "world calendar reform,"
proposed by India and opposed
by Jews throughout the world,
was postponed by the United
Nations Economic and Social
Council, and will not be taken
up until next year. The proposal
to defer discussion on the sub-
ject for a year was made at the
opening session of the Council
by Dr. Arthur S. Lail, chief of
India's delegation.
Te:Qeciye•zer.4er,O,'Ocitig4tiQr.i.



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