THE JEWISH NEWS
'Israel A Visit to the 01,d and the New
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July • 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co, 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35, Mich., VE. 8-9384
Illubscription $4 a year. Foreign $5.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942, at Post Office, Detroit, Mich., under Act of March 3, 1879
Editor and Publisher
XXVII, No. 6
April 15, 1955
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath; the twenty-fourth day of. Nissan; 5715, the .followng Scriptural selections will
be read..in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal )3ortion. Lev. 9:1-11:47: Prophetical portion. 11 Sam. R:1-7:17.
Licht Benshen, Friday. April 15, 6.53 p.m.
Rosh Hodesh Iyar Readings of the Law. Friday.. April 22. Num. 28:15.
Welcome to Detroit, Ambassador Eban
Israel's Ambassador to the U.S., Abba
Eban, comes here on April '19, to assist in
spurring efforts for the Allied Jewish Cam-
paign. His • visit in our community follows
strenuous months of efforts in Israel's de-
fense at the United Nati6ns. Ambassador
Eban is carrying a heavy load. Placed on the
defensive, in view of the recent Gaza occur-
rences, and because' of the United Nations
Security Council's censure, he has worked
under tensions that would challenge the ener-
gies of the strongest man.
He is . a strong man indeed to have been
able to labor under the trying burdens that
have been imposed upon him. In addition to
his duties as Israel's Ambassador and as his
government's Chief • Delegate to the United
Nations, Mr. Eban travels frequently to en-
courage American Jewry's generous partici-
pation in funds aimed at assisting in Israel's
economic growth and in the integration of
newcomers to that state from lands of op
pression. - • -
Ambassador Eban's visit here will be at
the height of the Allied Jewish Campaign
activities. All the divisions in the drive are
at work to gather the •great fund that is
needed in behalf of Israel, for overseas relief
purpoes and for the support of the local
agencies which serve to make our community
a wholesome place to live in..
One of world Jewry's very great person-
alities will be here on Tuesday to encourage
our continued generosity. The standards of
giving established by our community point to
a hearty response commensurate both with
the needs of the hour and with our traditions
for good giving.
The Art Institute Te rcentenary Exhibit
Another high mark in cooperative efforts
among all our civic and cultural move--
ynents has been set by the sponsorship
of the art exhibition at the Detroit Inst.;
tute of Arts, on the occasion of the American
The Art Institute's staff, with the aid of
the ex l its c-6 Editt 60_ f -the Deal & ItKeeT1-
tenary Committee, has athered some inter-
esting silver and art objects for display here.
The collection now on view includes" theworks
of several very distinguished American silver-,
smiths and artists.
Included in the works now being exhibited
are the silvel- creations of Paul Revere and
Myer Myers as well as portraits and silhou-
ettes of noted personalities by famous artists.
It is sincerely to be hoped that all Detroit
Jews will plan to see this exhibit and that,
these wild beLadaysealtendance at tin official
reception and lecture on -rpXrg. It Will
another form of honoring the American Jew-
The Puzzles of Our State Department
It is difficult to understand the unpredict-
able and fickle attitudes of some of our State.
Several occurrences of the past few
weeks have emerged as puzzles. •
The removal from office of Edward J.
Corsi as the State Department's expediter
of immigration regulations is an enigma, in
view of the Department's assertion that
there is no question about Mr. Corsi's "secur-
Only Mr. Corsi's strong convictions about
the injustice of the McCarran-Walter Act
cOuld possibly have led to an additional in-
justice: the ousting of this able administra-
tor from an important government post.
Even more of a riddle is the State De-
partment's attitude in matters involving the -
Israel-Egyptian conflict and the recent Cairo
trials which resulted in savagery: the hang-
ing of accused Jews on the charge of "Zion-
While nearly three months have passed
since that tragic occurrence, the matter can
not be relegated to the forgotten past, es-
pecially because of the position taken by a
spokesman for the State Department.
When Jewish spokesmen ex.preged their
shock over the hangings, Howard A. Cook,
Chief of the :Public Services Division of the
State Depadment, writing for the Secretary
of State, offered thiS astonishing "explana-
"Our Government did everything it appro-
priately could do with respect to this matter.
You will be interested to know that persons
by no means partial to the prosecution observed
the prOcee-dings and declared them. fair. The
accused were capably defended in open trial
by lawyers of their own or their families'
choice, the request of the prosecution for a
closed trial having been refused.
"I can assure you that We shall continue
to work in cooperation with the countries of
the Near East toward a reduction of tensions
and the establishment of conditions conducive
to a settlement of current area problems."
This is a differing view, which is strength-
ened by the following letter Mr. Baldwin
wrote to Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Prime
Minister of Egypt, On Jan. 31: -
"When. you granted me recently the privii-
lege of an interview on the.policies of your
government. to human rights, I came away
with the impression of your understanding
and moderation, your commitment to those
rights in the revolution and in. Egypt's role in
the United. Nations.
"But your approval of the savage sentences
in the -Zionist espionage case, in which you
had the assurances of my interest, contradicts
the impression I received. The death sentences
are, so far as I could learn, the only _ones lin-
posed by your government where no act of
violence was involved or conspiracy to commit
it. The evidence was clear that these men
were the aides of two foreign agents who es-
cape& and were not tried, and that the espion-
age and sabotage reflected childish and ir-
rational acts of slight danger to national se-
"The death sentences, which a high official
assured me a week before they were an-
nounced were not contemplated, are bound to
increase tensions with Israel and thus to delay
any possible solution to the Arab refugees; to
refute the claims to
and to compromise Egypt's role as a champion ,
of human- rights
the United Nations. -
"The conclusion appears inescapable that
the sentences were .motivated rather by polit-
ical considerations than justice, unworthy of
the high ideals of the revolution or of the
procedureS of .your military courts. No concept
of a state of war with Israel nor of martial law
would appear to justify such extremes.
"May I, who have expressed publicly warm
commendation of the human rights goals of
your regime and confidence in your leadership,
hope that this tragic outcome of the case will
be the one exception in your future system of
justice in relation to opponents not guilty of
`When Men Are Free' Valuable
,Citizenship Projection Project
It was when President Eisenhower was its head that Columbia
University, in 1949, started "The Citizenship Projection Project,"
to assist schools throughout the land to improve their citizenship
"When Men Are Free," the volume just published for Teachers
College of Columbia University' by Houghton Mifflin Co '(2 Park St.,
Boston) offers in very simple but also very impressive terms the
basic premises of the liberties that are the heritage of Americans.
The premises offered in this beautifully illustrated, splendidly
prepared book, serve as a citizenship guide for our students. They
a" girfF.449.1-pi1r_pOse far all citizens who avail themselvOs
of this volume.
Dealt with here are the social beliefs and guarantees, rights to-
life and liberty and to fair trial, the political responsibilities in our
free government, the basic economic goals in our free economy,
the ideas.that guide our land in foreign-relations.
At the very outset, the reader is told that "the Premise that
every human being counts is much older than the American na-
tion. One of the laws given by Moses to the Hebrews about 1200
B. C. emphasized the preciousness of human life in the words
`Thou shalt not kill,' which followers of the Jewish and Christian
religious faiths know as one of the Ten Commandments."
There is strong emphasis , on the American principle of reli-
Dealing with the "Social -Responsibilities of the Individual,"
this volume contains the following interesting passages:
"Self-respect is the beginning of integrity and moral cour•
age. Shakespeare said: •
" This above all: to thine own self be true,
And it must folloW, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be falie to any man.'
"A statement said to have been made by the Jewish teacher, -
Hillel, who lived before Christ, also shows that integrity and
right eonduct start with the individual. It goes: 'Do not do to
others what you would not do to yourself."' .
"The Free World" chapter is an interesting analysis of the
role played by Americans in influencing their country's relatiuns
with other governments. it emphasizes the rights of all peoples
to freedom and outlines our Government's cooperation with other
nations in, many areas, in the interest of freedom and peace.
`Farewell to Sariiaria' Tells of
Last Days of Kingdom of Israel
Harry H. Fein, author of several books:'of poems, is the author:
of a new novel, "FareWell to Samaria," based on the events in the
last years of the Kingdom of Israel. .(Verndale Publishing Co., 1091
Interwoven with the story of the 'capture of - the last king,
Hoshea, by the Assyrians, and the destruction of the Kingdom
of Israel, is a love story—of Asa and Miriam.
Asa became the commander of the 8amarian armed force
upon the death of Gebar. Lack of food and water led to the fall
of Samaria. But Asa and his family are rescued by an Assyrian:
warrior, Rabkaleh, whom Asa had befriended years earlier.
Rabkaleh, as Sargon, had usurped, the 'Assyrian throne upon the
death of Shalmaneser.
Mr. Fein follows faithfully the story of the King Hoshea and
the events of that era as related in the Book of Prophet Hosea
whose prophecies are quoted extensively in "Farewell to Samaria?'
King Hoshea had ruled for nine years before the fall of the
Kingdoni of Israel. Hoshea rose to the throne after slaying hiS
Pekah. Being pro-Assyrian at the time; .Hoshea was elevated to
the throne of Israel by the Assyrian ruler, Tiglath-pileser, upon
whose death the people of Israel organized a revolt against
Assyria. . The events are described in II Kings. Tigla.th-pileser'S
successor, Shalmaneser, marched into the land . of Israel: Hothea
was captured and soon the Kingdom of 'Israel came to an end: .
In the fictionized story of the period, Mr. Fein describes the
departure forr--Xerusalem of Asa, MiriaM and their family: We
shall go back-to our brethren in Judah," Asa tells King Sargon. "We
Surely, Mr. Cook and all his -associates
in the State Department knew the contents
of this letter. Yet, Mr. Cook failed to ex-
press regret over an act of injustice, let alone
offer proof of the earnestness of his depart-
We asked Mr. Roger Baldwin, *chairman ment's desire for "a reduction of tensions"
of the International League for the Rights in the Middle East, while Mr. Baldwin. ad-
of Man,' ' who was an obserVer at the trial, monished Col. Nasser that, his government's
for hiS views in' thiS matter, in which the "savage sentences" served "to increase ten-
Egyptian government_ has been awarded an sions with Israel." ,
fuse with our Judean brethren and become one nation
• dui. State Wpartnient's actions *and' Ut-
opinion tantamount to vindication by our
State Department, and Mr. Baldwin wrote: terances remain a complicated piyzle.
•"Fare*ell: to Samaria" is an thteresting narration of 'sat
"I have nocoMment on the State Depart- remain disturbed over it, in view of the ur- important period in Jewish history. Flavored with the Asa-Miriam
ment's letter except to say I think that the gency for firth. steps'in the . direcion of peace romance. it also is a good histOrical ,account: et, a tragic,era!
procedures were. fair, but the-court was not'? . in. ibe,tr