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June 24, 1927 - Image 4

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The Detroit Jewish Chronicle, 1927-06-24

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14 YeiMMYDI 65kk ityttlYtki:

kl&izi5AMM ixtzk inixttizetta ttUtYMPIA YMIT O MM OV IM O Vektti z*MM ig M4 ;134


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csitre,ed by the welter..

June 24, 1927

Sivan 24, 5687

The Last "King of the Jews."

The death of Louis Samuel Montagu, the second
Lord Swaythling, calls for more than the customary
editorial obituary. Needless to say, the demise of a
Jew in one of the scats of the mighty is a serious loss
even to the Jewry of England that is so well supplied
in that respect. Then too, there attaches to the name
of Montagu a potent magic born of great wealth and
great political power.
The first Lord Swaythling was born Montagu Sam-
uel, the son of Louis Samuel, but for some reason his
parents reversed his name in his early boyhood. In
1853 the elder Montagu founded in London the bank-
ing firm of Samuel Montagu and Company. It was
in 1894 that he was created a baronet by Gladstone
and in 1907 he was raised to the peerage. His parlia-
mentary career which began in 1885 ended in 1900.
He wielded great power in his day as a member of the
liberal wing of British politics.
It has been said in England that the elder Lord
AD AD Swaythling's interest in the orthodox Jews of London's
East end was born of a double motive—a desire to serve
his poorer brethren and a feeling of rivalry towards
the Rothschilds. It will be recalled that Lord Swayth-
ling was a pillar of English orthodoxy while the Roths-
AD childs early identified themselves with the United Syn-
1. 0
agogue, which in England was regarded as reform.
. 119 10 He attended the new West End Synagogue and it is said
that when his lordship traveled he took with him is own
shoe let.
As president of the Federation of Synagogues which
he brought into being, Lord Swaythling welded to-
AD gether all the orthodox synagogues of London. Wheth-
er his aim was to dislodge the Rothschilds from their
position as the spokesmen of English Jewry before the
people and the government of Great Britain we cannot
AD say. After all there may have been a tendency to exag-
gerate the motive of rivalry, for it was in conjunction
with Lord Rothschild that Samuel Montagu founded the
first industrial Jewish school in Jerusalem in 1875. We
can only say that, if that was his aim, he did not suc-
ceed. But he did win recognition as the spokesman of
the orthodox Jewry of England.
When he died in 1911 he left a large family of sons
4) and daughters. His eldest son succeeded him in the
peerage. His daughter, Lilly, became a social worker
AD among the Jewish girls of the east end of London and,
later, breaking away from the orthodoxy of her father,
joined the liberal movement. The third son went into
business. The second son, Edwin S. Montagu, became
distinguished as the Secretary of State for India in
Lloyd George's government. From the high post he
was subsequently forced to resign because of the oppo-
sition of the Conservatives following a slight diplomatic
blunder on his part.
The late Lord Swaythling was born on December 6,
1869 and, in 1898, married the daughter of the late
Colonel A. E. Goldsmid, head of the Chovevi Zion in
England. All his life he opposed the views of the Jew-
ish nationalists and, as leader of the League of British
Jews, he counteracted the influence of Zionism at every
opportunity. To English Jewry he was popularly
known as the "King of the East End."
Like his father, his attitude towards the East Euro-
pean Jews of London was one of firm paternalism. As
such he belonged to the past, for paternalistic leader-
ship among the Jews is a product of ghetto conditions.
1 j5
The lay leader who had "the ear of the king" is a famil-
iar hero in the history of European Jewry but his day is
about over. Jewish leadership today tends to become
more and more a matter of popular choice rather than
a family inheritance, even in England. It may well be
that in the death of Lord Swaythling we witness the
passing of the last "King of the Jews."

The Crime of Ignorance.

The law recognizes the responsibility of the individ-
ual to those who put their lives or their fortunes in his
hands. The railroad engineer, the taxi-driver, and all
who are licensed to offer similar services to the public,
are subject, in the event of an accident, to the charge
of "criminal negligence." They cannot plead ignor-
ance, for under the licensing laws they are presumed to
know their business.
In a very real sense every adult human being is a
public carrier and bears a responsibility to his fellow
man. And that responsibility rests most heavily upon
those individuals who have either volunteered or
been drafted into some form of public service that puts
them at the head of a group. Many such men hold
in their keeping the lives and the fortunes of more men
than any railway engineer.
Notwithstanding this fact there seems to be a gen-
eral impression that the leaders of men may be judged
only by their intentions. How often we hear that this
or that leader cannot be blamed for his official mistakes
simply because "his intentions were good." That every
individual has a moral, if not a legal, obligation to be
intelligent does not seem to occur to most of us. Crim-
inal ignorance, especially in high places, does more
harm than criminal negligence as defined by law.
There is a moral obligation to think, to read, to
study and to know. That obligation rests on all men
and women. To ignore that obligation is to be guilty
of criminal ignorance.

A Matter of Opinion.

Administration officials in Washington deny that
there was any feeling of racial prejudice back of the
omission of Levine's name from the President's cable
of congratulation to (7hamberlin. Postmaster New tells
the representative of "The Day" that his remarks anent
valuable postage stamps, illegally cancelled, and irreg-
ularity in the handling of war materials, were not spok-
en from anti-Semitic motives. Ile points out that Le-
vine's name was included by the President in his reply
to President Hindenburg of Germany because, he ex-
plains, by that time the President had learned that Le-
vine piloted the "Columbia" a part of the way, and was
therefore entitled to mention. As a passenger Levine
was not entitled to any congratulations. If he had been
a Protestant, a Catholic or a Mohammedan, said the
postmaster, he would not have been treated differently
under the circumstances.
We are perfectly willing to accept this explanation
of the matter. If it was no more than a matter of opin-
ion as to the relative merits of pilot and passenger we
can charge no more than an error of judgement. In
our opinion Levine would have been entitled to the
President's congratulations even if he had never pilot-
ed the Bellanca plane a single mile. Daring airplane
flights have been made before by two or more parties
and, so far as we can recall, official honors were always
paid to pilot, mechanic and passenger equally. We still
wonder how much the little matter pending between
the war department and Mr. Levine had to do with the
omission of his name from the President's first mess-
Concerning that matter we have nothing to say at
present. We prefer to let the matter rest until the war
department or the department of justice makes public
the exact nature of the dispute. Until then we shall
continue to regard Levine as a victim, not of race preju-
dice, perhaps, but, at least, a victim of poor judgement
on the part of Washington officials.

Jewish Education.

Dr. Emanuel Gamoran, Educational Director of the
Department of Synagogue and School Extension of the
Union of American Hebrew Congregations, states the
problem of Jewish education in the United States very
effectively by calling attention to the statistics.
There are about 700,000 Jewish children of elemen-
tary school age and about 400,000 more between the
ages of 14 and 21. At the present time, he tells us,
only about 200,000 of those of elementary school age
are receiving some form of Jewish education, while
half a million are receiving no Jewish education what-
ever. "Some of these, to be sure, may have attended
a Hebrew school or Sunday school for a year or two,
but they have not remained sufficiently long to receive
any adequate Jewish education."
Dr. Gamoran throws considerable light on the diffi-
culty that confronts the Jewish educator when he points
out that in New York City alone more than $20,000,000
would be required merely to house adequately a suf-
ficient number of classes to supply instruction to its
children of elementary school age. But he touches a
still more vital point when he remarks that, "More im-
portant though, is the second element in the solution
of the Jewish educational problem, that of curriculum
and method. The question is not merely to find text
books in the Bible and on Jewish history, although even
that has been too long neglected in American Jewish
life. It is also what to teach in the Bible, what to em-
phasize, what not to emphasize, what is important,
what is less important, and the same for Jewish history,
and for other subjects that enter into a well rounded
Jewish curriculum."
For Reform Jewry the problem of Jewish education
is not as simple as it is for orthodox Jewry. It is easier
to decide what constitutes the wisdom of faith than it
is to decide what is liberal and what is orthodox in the
bewildering mass of knowledge that is Jewish learning.
As a point of view and as a criteria!) of values orthodoxy
is simple as compared with liberalism. Perhaps in its
effort to define its point of view and establish its cri-
teria liberalism will be obliged to do what it has always
avoided doing—formulate a creed and impose upon its
followers a catechism of "eternal verities." There is
only one form of instruction, one brand of wisdom, that
can be imparted without dogma. The art of thinking.

Those Minority Rights.

These are sad days for the proponents of minority
rights for the Jews of Europe. It is not so long since
the Jews of Turkey renounced their minority rights
in the international treaties for which American Jew-
ish leaders fought at the peace table. Now comes
the Union of Austrian Jewish Communities and takes
a similar step.
At its fortieth annual convention in Vienna the
union adopted a resolution, renouncing the claim of
the Jewish population of Austria to the provisions
of the international peace treaties. The resolution
states that the demand of the Jewish population in the
Republic of Austria is only for equal rights in accord-
ance with the provisions of the Austrian constitution.
Of course the Austrian Jews are entirely within
their rights in taking this step. The constitution of the
republic of Austria offers ample protection to all minor-
ity groups. As a general principle we are quite pre-
pared to concede that it is better for the Jews of any
country to base their claims for fair treatment on the
constitution of the country in which they live rather
than upon any outside assistance however well inten-
Our Austrian brethren think they can succeed in
defending their rights without the help of the League
or any other outside agency. As good an issue as any
to begin with is the numerus clausus. During the last
few years the admission of Jews as professors has been
completely stopped in Austrian universities. Jewish
scientists have been barred from advancement. All
this is contrary to the spirit and the letter of the Aus-
trian constitution. Let the Union of Austrian Jewish
Communities use its influence to have these unfair dis-
criminations removed and we will be sure that they
have done the wise thing in renouncing the minority
rights granted them in the treaties.

i>c ■
GiAs. ff. C.JOSEPH-•=

Albert B. King of Rochester writes me concerning my
statement on the compulsory singing of Christian hymns
in many public schools throughout the country. Ile is in
according with my position that hymns of faith should
not he used in the public schools, but he believes that
little Of this sort of thing is to be found in the schools in
the large cities. I think he is right. But one finds much
of it in small cities and towns. However, he has obtained
the wrong impression from my statement, i. e., he thinks
that I charged the Protestant church with trying to make
Protestants Out of all school children. I had no such idea
in mind. What I did mean to convey is that the Protest-
ant church as represented by its narrowest leaders is try-
ing to make this a Protestant nation. And to impose Pro-
testant thinking and Protestant conduct upon everybody.
We see this thought expressed in the Klan, who want
only Protestants in public office. The Protestants want
Bible reading in the public school, not to convert Jews to
Christianity, but to impress church authority upon insti-
tutions of the state.

Mr. King must be a fearless as well as a liberal soul,
for he tells me that in discussing the subject, "God—the
Church and America," in one of the Rochester, N. Y.,
churches Easter Sunday morning, he was removed from
the church platform during the final summing up of the
theme, as he says "this was the type of message that the
heads of the church organization did not want to hear."
I can well imagine that it was not a 100 per cent. Funda-
mentalist sermon, nor would it commend itself to the
Klan or the Rev. John Roach Straton, who breathes fire
and brimstone through his nostrils when he talks of hell.
•-•• ■ •--
Some men blot out the whole universe by putting a
penny in front of their eye. I am in receipt of a letter
from a gentleman by the name of Longfellow, who says
that the "president of a large business organization states
over his own name that the Bible is a good book that
may be read with profit by business men and others on
week days, as well as Sundays." And he continues by
reminding as that "Big business is beginning to appre-
ciate the very practical and useful lessons and suggestions
contained in the Good Book." So impressed is this gen-
tleman from New England with the value of this that he
has secured a thousand copies of a brochure entitled
"Moses—Persuader of Men," written by Henry Cragin
Walker and issued by the Metropolitan Casualty Insur-
ance company of New York, J. Scoffield Rowe, president.

Now, in what way is the Bible a "good book" to these
worthy Christian business men? As a great moral force
in their lives? To make them idealists? To make them
do justice, walk humbly, love mercy? Oh, dear, no! It
is to inspire them to sell more insurance! Dr. Samuel
Parkes Cadman endorses this brochure on Moses. So
let's see what kind of a Moses we have before us. Read,
gentle souls, what wonderful lessons may be gained from
studying the life of Moses:

"There was Moses, for example, one of the
greatest salesmen and real estate promoters that
ever lived.... We can admit that there have been
other great salesmen. Columbus was such a one,
but all he had to do, after putting over his New
World sale with Queen Isabelle, was to resell the
idea to a crew of sailors for a paltry sixty or
ninety days, whereas Moses had to dust off the
counters over and over again for nearly forty
years, in spite of the fact that summer and winter,
during all this period, none of his 'customers' ever
even caught sight of the land which was promised,
met anybody from that district, or saw any sign
posts pointing out the way, and thus proving, to a
degree, at least, that there was such a place, any-

I haven't the slightest doubt but that Moses will soon
be inemoralized as an honorary Member of the United
States Realtors' association, an ex-officio member of the
Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Casualty Life In-
surance company, and possibly, if he continues to be ad-
vertised as a super-salesman, to be elected an immortal
member of the Rotarians! Ladies and gentlemen, it is
sad when, from the life of the world's greatest law-giver,
the one who gave to the world the first Declaration of
Independence, the best that the modern business world
can extract is material for a Pep Pamphlet for High-
Powered Salesmanship.

When it comes to naming the blue ribbon boys in the
political reporting class I bracket the names of Charles
Michelson of the New York "World" and Frank Kent of
the Baltimore "Sun." They know their Washington like
a farmer knows his onions. So it will interest my readers,
I am sure, to hear what Charles Michelson has to say
about Coolidge's omission to congratulate Charles Levine:

The President probably is worried a trifle as to
what should be done for Chamberlin and Levine,
and has put them out of mind until the Lindbergh
reception has faded into history. He will warns up
to the other affair in a few weeks when their re-
turn is imminent, and the surmise is that he will
invite both to visit him in the Black hills and have
a round-up for them out there. Levine is bound to
be included. Despite the excitement of some of
the Hebrew press, the President is no Jew-hater;
no politician, and particularly no Northern politi-
cian, is or can afford to be. Mr. Coolidge's failure
to include mention of Levine in his original mess-
age of congratulation was simply another manifes-
tation of his uninflammability.
In his cold carefulness he confided himself to
the barest acknowledgment of the exploit. Per-
haps Slop!) came around again the next day; for
in Mr. Coolidge's reply to President von 'linden-
berg of Germany, who mentioned the passenger as
well as the pilot, Levine's name appeared. Mean-
while there was given to the newspapers a tale of
the possible prosecution of Levine by the post of-
fice department for carrying mail without official
authority, which was about as tactful as it would
be to impound the Columbia or the Spirit of St.
Louis on its return because it went to a foreign
country without clearance papers.

A representative of the Ku Klux Klan is credited with
the statement that the decrease in the membership was
caused by weeding out the undesirables. Which leads me
to the conclusion that over half of the original member-
ship must have been in that class. I am inclined to dis-
agree with the distinguished spokesman of the Klan. It
seems to me that a lot of men got tired of paying ten
dollars a year for hocus-pocus and the privilege of wear-
ing a night shirt in public.

Goodwill is a real asset. And I am pleased to see that
my friend, Rabbi Harry J. Stern of Uniontown, Pa., who
is soon to taken pulpit in Montreal, Canada, was sig-
nally honored by the ministerial association of his city.
Ile was the guest of honor at the annual dinner of the
association and in a set of resolutions adopted, his fellow
ministers expressed their appreciation of his "unques-
tioned integrity, faithfulness and courage in the discharge
of his duties as a citizen and a man of God." Such acts
are very heartening in these days of religious strife.

A representative of one of the largest lecture bureaus
in the country called on me the other day and I hailed
hiss with the question: "What will Lindbergh be worth
as an attraction a year from today!" And he answered:
"Well; I might have trouble in booking him at a thousand
dollars a night." Didn't a lady by the name of Merle
swim across the English Channel, and it seems to ITC that
a gentleman by the name of Tunney hit another chap
such a wallop that he became famous in a few hours, and
there was Byrd, who floss' across the top of the world:
:mil there are a few more• but thee, we simply can't re-
memb•r them. for so many things happen in this world
if ours that six months is a very long time to remember
anything or anybody. But it's wonderful while it lasts!

It's certainly hard luck -to he accused of being the
head of a Jewish Conspiracy when you don't want the
world to know that you are a Jew! According to a Berlin
letter to the "Jewish Daily Bulletin" (the smallest, but
the most valuable Jewish publication in the United
States). the anti-Semitic press of Germany accuses Dillon,
head of Dillon, Read t Co., with just that. Contrary to
popular opinion, while Dillon changed his name from
Lapowski to Dillon • it was really a family name, and not
a manufactured one. Samuel Lapowski, Dillon's father,
emigrated to this country from Poland in 1876, and Clar-
ence was born in the United States.

The Problem of the Jewish Emigrant


Guiding the Wanderer In Strange Land..

EWISH suffering and Jewish joy have been responsible
in the past for the coining of new words which have
become a part of the Jewish vocabulary—words which
cannot be expressed in other tongues.


A new Jewish word has just been created—a word which reflects
the terrible exile of vast numbers of the Jewish people, the crushing
economic situation of the Jews of Eastern Europe and their desperate
/light to other countries. This new word, which is Yiddish and Eng-
lish and German and French and
Russian and Polish is "Ilicem."
But whereas in all other lan- center for Jewish emigrants from
guages the word "Hicem" is merely
South Russia.
a combination of the initials of
In Harbin, China, Bias maintains
three great Jewish organizations, an information bureau through
working in the field of emigration
which pass the constant stream of
and immigration—II ins of Amer- Jewish refugee's who for one rea-
ica, lea of Paris and Emigdirect of son and another are compelled to
Berlin—on Yiddish lips the new make the long trek across Asia.
word spells a new hope, a new
Certain possibilities for Jewish
promise of opportunity to find
immigrants have recently present-
peace and a measure of economic
themselves in Portugal, and ev-
ery effort is being made'to take ad-
The quota immigration law of the vantage of these possibilities to the
United States is largely responsible utmost.
for the coining of this new word;
The welfare work which "Meet's"
the closing of the doors of America
to all but a limited number of Jews is doing for the Jewish emigrant
from Eastern Europe brought into and in Poland, Latvia and France,
being that combination of organi- especially, is as follows:
1. Language courses: The Jew-
zations which has given this new
ish Emigration society of Poland
word to the Jewish world.
courses in Spanish and
It is folly to imagine that because
English. ('lasses have been estab-
the doors of this country are vir-
Brest, Litovsk
tually closed emigration has ceased.
All that has happened to Jewish and Grudnau. Similar courses will
emigration is that it has been di- he established in Kovnau, Lithuan-
ia, in conjunction with the Jewish
verted mostly to countries whose
names have been nothing more than University in that city. Prepara-
are tin foot for the establish-
geographic terms heretofore, at
least so far as Jew's are concerned, ment of similar courses in Latvia,
and as unfamiliar as are the names
2. Industrial and Agricultural
of these countries, so unfamiliar to
Jews is the language spoken there Courses: Vocational and agricul-
and the life. It is only desperation tural courses are being established
that is driving them to these under the ausipices of a special
strange countries. There is no lure committee including representatives
of the prosperity of others such as of local emigrant welfare societies
brought large numbers to this coun- —Ica, Ort, Ile-Chalutz, and others.
3. Immediate Relief Imediate re.
try in the past. With the Jewish
emigrant going to South America, lief is being given to Jewish refu-
it is a case of "needs must when the gees in France by the organization
devil drives" but to permit them to known as "Help Through Work."
go without preparation would be This organization deals mainly with
to destine them to disaster and Jewish "intellectuals."
Thus far, there has been detailed
tragedy. They must he taught the
langauge. They must be taught the work being done in emigration
how to work with their hands and countries. Next in order comes the
how to earn a livelihood by the work which "likens" is doing in the
sweat of the brows for themselves lands of Jewish immigration. This
is of the utmost importance because
and their wives and children.
it must be borne in mind that in
This fact brought the combina- these new immigration countries
tion of Ilias-Ica-Emigdirect into there are no Jewish communities
being. What is the work which this and very few of the immigrants
combination is to do? Information
have been preceded there by rela-
as to the possibilities for work in ties. To make the situation worse,
these countries; aid in securing there are hardly any organizd Jew-
visas; aid in securing reduced
ish communities in these countries
steamship transportation; commun- and those that do exist are not in
ication with relatives; transfer of a position to do anything of conse-
money; teaching of the language; quence for the new arrivals. This
teaching of trades; meeting the is especially true in the South Am-
imigrant; sheltering him; finding erican countries.
work for him; setting him up on his
In Argentine, it becomes neces-
sary to subsidize the existing immi-
In detail, the work which this or- gration welfare organization, which
ganization is doing is being con- has 40 committees and representa-
ducted as follows:
tives located at various points
In Poland there are two organi- throughout the country.
zations in the field of emigrant wel- thousand, five hundred and thirty-
fare: The Jewish Emigration so- four Jewish immigrants arrived in
Argentine during 19211, a number
ciety, which was organized and is
far beyond the capacity of the lo-
being maintained by Ilias of Amer-
ica, with a head office in Warsaw cal organization to handle, and
and branches in various parts of "liken)" has had to intervene on
the country, and the emigration de- behalf of the newcomers. A branch
partment of the lea in Warsaw. of likens" has been established in
Uruguay and in Brazil and
In 1926, 25,000 emigrants applied
to the first named organization and "likens" will have to support the
during the same period 6,000 ap- local organization which was estab-
plied to the Ica. Steps are now lished by Ica. Two thousand, sev-
under way for the amalgamation en hundred and thirty 'migrants
of these two offices.
arrived at Rio de Janeiro in 1926.
This is a picture of the effort that
In Roumania there are the fol-
is being made by the three organi-
lowing emigrant welfare societies:
to safeguard the Jewish
Bias in Bucharest, the Jewish Emi-
gration committee in Kishinev, a n d wanderer in new and strange coun-
the Jewish Emigration committee tries and to start him on the way
in Chernowich, the last named also to self support. It is for this work
being maintained by Bias. During that Ilias is making its appeal for
19211, 4,255 applications for various a half million dollars, because, by
forms of aid were received by the the terms of the agreement entered
into by the three organizations,
Ilias office in Bucharest. This, in
addition to the work which this or- Bias is required to finance the ef-
ganization is doing among the res- fort. Neither one of the other or-
ganizations is in a position to lend
idue of Jewish war refugees.
In Latvia, where the emigration it financial assistance.
Ica (Jewish Colonization associa-
work is done mainly in connection
with Jews who are enroute from tion of Parisi is restrained by its
Russia, -1,1101 persons received var- charter from all but the smallest
ious forms of aid at the 'ewes of ex penditure for immigration pur-
the Ilias-Emigdirect in Riga and poses, Its charter binds it to lay
most emphasis on Jewish coloniza-
the branch office in Isibau.
tion, and it can begin to function
In Lithuania emigration work is
after the immigrant has
condutecd in Kovnau by Ilias-Em-
igdirect. Of approximately 3,000 arrived at his destination.
(United Jewish Emi-
applicants at the Ilias-Emitrdirect
office there during the past year, grant Aid committees of Europe)
is composed of large numbers of
1,751 embarked for South America.
Danzig is an important transit men and women who before the war
center for Jewish immigrants front were in a position to make liberal
Poland, Latvia, Lithuania and Rou- contributions to all manner of phil-
mania. During, 1926, 1,077 Jewish anthropies, including emigrant wel-
wanderers received various forms fare. Today, they are impover-
of aid from Ilias-Emigdirect in ished. All that they can give is
service, and Bias is helping this SO-
Other important transit points niety to exist by financing their op-
are Antwerp and Rotterdam. In erations.
Heretofore Bias has been able to
Antwerp the emigrant welfare
work is done by the Ezra Society, meet the budget of iliac-Emigdirect
and in Rotterdam by the 111ontefiore from its regular income, but the
Society. Both of these organiza- new work on behalf of the new wan-
tions receive subsidies from Ica and derers has assumed such propor-
together duripg the past year they tions that Ilias will be unable to
carry it on unless the Jews of
served 10,000 Jewish emigrants.
America make it possible for it to
In England, the emigration wel-
fare work is done by the Trans- do so.
Emigrant Aid committee in Liver-
pool, and the Association for the
The daughter of Aber, a celebrat-
Protection of Girls and Women in ed learned apostate, appealed
to R.
London, both of which receive sub- Judah the Prince for aid. "Are
siduaries from Ira.
there any children of his in the
In Germany. Die Deutehen Yod- world? Is it not written,
er' does the emigrant welfare work. wicked) shall have neither 'lie
son nor
The organization has a central bu-
reau in Berlin and branches in son's son among his people?' (Job
Hamburg and Firemen and repre- xviii 19.)" "Remember his learn-
sentatives at several railroad junc- ing, not his deeds," she answered,
tions. It is self supporting and last and as she spoke, a fire descended
year it served -10,000 Jewish emi- and burnt R. Jurtah's seat. Ile shed
tears and said: "If God honors thus
much the memory of the learned in
There is a movenniet on foot to
unite the emigrant welfare socie- Torah who disgraced themselves,
ties in France. There are two: how much more will Be honor the
The Jewish Emigrant committee memory of those learned in the
and the Committee to Protect Jew- Torah who make themselves praise-
ish Emigrants. Because of the un- worthy through it!" Hag. ISh)
satisfactor• economic situation in
France, the work of emigrant wel-
It was said in the name of Rabbi
fare in that country is extremely Meir: "When a man comes into this
his hands are clenched as
In Russia, lea is now endeavor.
though to say: 'The whole world is
ing to establish an emigrant infor-
I shall inherit it' But
mation bureau.
when he departs from this world
Two important points on the map his hands are outstretched, as
of Jewish emigration are Harbin
for the Far Fast, and Constanti- though to say: 'I have inherited
nople for the Near East. There are nothing from this world.' And no
still a large number of Jewish refu- has Solomon said: 'As he came
forth .... shall take nothing for
gees from Russia in the old Turk. his
labor, which he may carry in his
io capital and the expectations hand.' I Eccl v. It)" (Eccl. R.
are e that
ca it will bee•rne an important

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